Such low productivity leads to increasing poverty and food insecurity of rural poor farm households in the country. During the past years, the government and NGOs have undertaken various attempts to enhance agricultural productivity particularly that of cereal crops so as to achieve food security and to reduce poverty in the country. The available studies on the productivity of cereal crops in general and maize production in particular in Ethiopia found low productivity in comparison with the international standards (Alemayehu, 2009), although, the
The recent literature recognises and encapsulates the fundamentals of multiple deprivations along with economic shortfall. One of the major reasons for severe poverty is multiple deprivation, wherein people lack access to multiple resources coupled with an economic shortfall (Radhakrishna and Ravi,2004). Multiple deprivations include lack of land, credit, education, health, longevity and water along with economic and nutritional support. Being deprived of these resources pushes poor people into a deeper state of impoverishment, which when coupled with financial and health shocks, further aggravates the situation (Shepherd, 2007). The presence of a ‘positive economic shock’ and ‘safety nets’ in the society is imperative to remove chronically people from the adverse state and prevent them from being pushed back into severe
Generally, a lack of understanding pertaining to the factors that hinder the performance of small-scale farmers to achieve both volume and quality exist. Thus, managers and decision makers may provide inappropriate solutions to upholding small-scale farmers in commercial markets. Despite the need for a comprehensive study on the commitment from government and the huge investments made to help emerging farmers through the Kalahari corporation project to be integrated into commercial Agri-food chains, the performance of emerging farmer in commercial agri-food chains leaves much to be desired. Ultimately, the poor performance of the emerging farmers means that the objective to allow farmers to improve their livelihoods through Kalahari corporation project is not
Poverty never results from the lack of one thing but from many interlocking factors that cluster in poor people's experience and definitions of poverty (Narayan D. 1999) Numerous characteristics of a country's economy and society, as well as some external influences, create and perpetuate rural poverty(World Bank, 2001) but some causes are more prevalent than others. Having land for example, controlling it and using it are critical dimensions of rural livelihoods, and determine rural wealth and rural poverty. Land is fundamental to the lives of poor rural people. It is a source of food, shelter, income and social identity. Secure access to land reduces vulnerability to hunger and poverty (EU 2004, Cox et al 2003, El Ghonemy 1994).
It also helps improve the rules for people to live in a better way, and to provide them with safety and good political practice. Organizations concerning good education for the poor should be reconsidered, in such way to aid them with the required knowledge and education to become skilled workers to earn high wages later on. The countries could also develop the macro economic growth in which they try lowering inflation to have a positive economy where the poor could also afford buying resources and increasing their standard of
No Hunger: Achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Hunger is an effect of poverty and poverty is largely a political issue. (While manifesting itself as an economic issue, conditions causing poverty are political and end up being economic.) , people are hungry not due to lack of availability of food, but because people do not have the ability to purchase food and because distribution of food is not equitable. In addition, there is also a lot of politics influencing how food is produced, who it is produced by (and who benefits), and for what purposes the food is produced (such as exporting rather than for the hungry, feedstuff, etc.) This goal has a series of targets to support the four interrelated
It would be helpful to improve the balance of payments. Pakistan currently is facing $ 8.3 billion in its balance of payments deficit. 11- Improvement of living standards Currently due to the development of the agricultural sector to increase farmer income. This will allow farmer to build better houses and require life of luxury television, computers, mobile phones, motorcycles and many other items to improve their standard of living. Thus, growth in the agricultural sector will lead to improvements in people's living standards.
The growing population Worldwide post many issues, problems and challenges. One of the pressures that the society facing is unavailability of food supply. Rice is the most common food that is served in the table of Asian and other people. But sometimes, other people may not eat rice due to its high cost and the production of this commodity is declining. It is a must to implement or adopt better strategies to increase the production of rice if not then many people will be suffering from starvation.
Growth in agriculture is therefore not only associated with an increase in farm incomes, it also stimulates linkages with the non-farm economy, causing economic growth and rapid poverty reduction (Osei-Akoto et al., 2013). Otherwise, in countries where agriculture has failed or lagged behind other sectors, hunger is definitely inescapable. Incidentally, this has been the bane of most African countries economies as poor health reduces farmer’s ability to innovate, experiment, and operationalize changes in agricultural systems (Asenso-Okyere et al., 2010). Serious health conditions result in catastrophic expenditures which may also end in depletion of productive assets such as sale of draught animals and sale of cultivable land (Slater and Wiggins,
There is always a trade-off between allocating money through subsidies or by increasing investments. The investment option is much better than subsidies for sustaining long-term growth in agricultural production and also to reduce poverty faster. The future course would be the policy to diversify towards agricultural non-farm activities to enhance income. With the development of non-farm activities, much of the labour force could be moved from agriculture to agro based industries leading to successful rural development, as has been the case of successful rural transformation in china (Huang, 1997). With diversification into live stock the farmers can make efficient use of forages, crop residues, manure for improving soil organic matter and fertility.