According to Encyclopedia Americana (1989) poverty can be viewed from two different perspectives and these two points of view are: (i) “ moneylessness” which means both an insufficiency of cash and serious inadequacy of resources of all kinds to satisfy and meet basic human needs, such as, nutrition, rest, and body maintenance; and (ii) “powerlessness” meaning those that lack the chances and choices open to them and whose lives seem to them to be governed by forces and persons outside their control. From this, it is seen that poverty has various manifestations which include among others: lack of income and productive resources enough to make sure sustainable livelihood, hunger and malnutrition, limited or lack of access to education, ill health, and other basic services, increased morbidity and mortality from illness, homelessness and inadequate, unsafe and degraded environment and social discrimination and exclusion LITERATURE REVIEW Vital to the clamour for policies and programmes that will reduce poverty is the issue of the conceptualization of poverty. Conceptually, there three dominant views that will be identified as the meaning of poverty in this paper. Aliyu, (2002) has specifically identified the first view that views poverty as a chronic deprivation of some basic human needs at the individual or household level.
“Poverty” in America greater resembles deprivation rather than "poverty" from a global context. According to Mr. Smith (2015) he defined poverty as, “People and families are considered poor when they lack the economic resources necessary to experience a minimally-sufficient standard of living.” This suggests destitution is more of serious deprivation which is the denial of something “you” may consider to be a necessity such as “internet deprivation” rather poverty. It mainly focuses on the inability to provide food (nutritious food), clothing, and shelter; which can also be classified under poverty, but somehow they shift majority of our focus point to homelessness, unable to eat properly or the type of food you would like to eat, as often as you should and not only fulfilling your basic needs but to fulfill it to “your
Poverty can be defined as a lack of material resources to meet the human needs and be able to live comfortably. Also, the economy of a country can be affected by international factors and internal factors. However, to define what is poverty, we must first analyze the socio-economic part of each region to see the lifestyle that predominates population. In social stratification, it is defined as the division of the people who make up a society in different groups arranged hierarchically. As a result, the poverty rate in the United States has increased in recent years.
There are many ways to define poverty. Poverty is a state of being poor and not possessing enough means to survive financially. Although some people live a poor lifestyle, they have a rich person’s attitude. This can cause many problems and ruin their life. They will always want something that they cannot have, so some people will scam, steal, and kill to get what they want.
A culture of poverty phenomena does exist. The work of Durlauf (2011) supports the culture of poverty phenomena through explaining how the theory of poverty whether it pertains to a family, a community, or a larger society all have one thing in common, a cycle of poverty that has been learned and passed down from generation to generation creating poverty traps. Poverty traps hinder the poor from surpassing values, norms, and learned behaviors that cause people to remain in poverty. The cycle of poverty is generated by many different factors, however, it is not defined by socioeconomic status or by ethnicity. There are situations where individuals live under dire circumstances within the lower socioeconomic status, yet are still able
In A Framework for Understanding Poverty, Ruby Payne try’s to explain the behaviors and barriers of three social classes: poverty, middle class, and wealth. Beyond the social class of poverty, it’s a breakdown of the elements of the classes and the ‘hidden rules’ each one has. She stresses that these hidden rules aren’t taught in businesses or schools, these of which function as the hidden rules of middle class. Payne states these hidden rules aren’t exactly natural, they’re learned, and as one grows up in a particular class those rules are set in place. She lists all the rules in each class, and the differences are striking.
One’s living condition is not determined by the amount of wealth acquired by that person. Having a substantial amount of wealth can depict that someone is living a satisfied life. Those without various amounts of money, are then considered inferior, because they do not have access to living a luxurious lifestyle. However, this is not always the case. In Charles Murray’s “What’s So Bad About Being Poor,” Murray explains the correlation between being poor and living in poverty.
What is it like to live in the United States of America and still live in poverty? Poverty is a state of deprivation. One lives in poverty because he/she lacks the usual acceptable amount of money to eat a proper meal; dress in ordinary fashion, much more to be in extraordinary fashion, that we call “name brand,” or live in a warm house that we call a home. The United States of America is a federal republic consists of fifty states.
There are many causes for poverty in America. According to Pusuegod.org, the common causes of poverty are “poor economy, drug use and lack of education”. In addition, debts and medical expenses. Having a poor economy can ruin people’s life because people depend on the economy. When the economy goes down people have limited resources and may have to ration out their food and money.
Poverty still occurs across the modern world which we live in nowadays. While the majority of people would relate the word poverty with less developed countries the truth is that poverty is to be found everywhere you look. Yet the term, poverty, is brought up to discussion. Because would you consider yourself poor even though you didn’t know the better scenario existed? And isn’t it sometimes enough just to have a bed to sleep in, food to eat and people around who love you?
Summary According to Dictionary.com, poverty is defined as the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; also known as a condition of being poor (Dictionary). In the article, “The State of Poverty in America,” written by a renowned lawyer and author, Peter Edelman, the issue of poverty and the extent of how widespread it has domestically become is redundant throughout. Within his writing, he explains in great detail how poverty is a deeply rooted problem that society faces in two ways, as well as the longtime affects of the troubles and hardships poor people experience every day. The first way poverty is categorized is when people consistently work long and hard hours for a job that is very low-waged with no benefits.
Poverty is a major issue in the U.S. and the world today. The way people see poverty can mean a lot of different things like: no shelter, being hungry, lack of education, lack of healthcare, being sick, no job, and no clean water. Some people see poverty as the homeless people out on the streets. But did you know that most poverty people live in apartments and homes not just on the streets. The real definition of poverty is extremely poor.