Causes like those of hunger, unstable housing, and lack of funding lead to poor performance, worse standardized test scores, and a lack of social development and belonging among peers. Poverty in Schools Poverty by definition is the lacking of stable resources to meet one’s basic needs. Children and their families face it on a varying scale worldwide, but the problem has always been prevalent. However, in a first world country such as the United States, more must be done to lessen its effects on the nation’s children. Public schools were created with the intent to level out the educational field, and provide equal opportunities to learn to all students regardless of income.
These effects include prenatal care, health conditions, and poor school readiness skills in their language. Children raised in poverty are adversely affected both indirectly and directly through their family’s lack of resources and education. This Literary review I want to show where the Gap is in the research and problem solving of this issue. As well as the problems children face in their environmental and the impact on their ability to learn and remember new information and provides strategies for educators to help children and their families find the appropriate resources to help parents. Programs are listed that help both students and families reverse the negative implications of poverty on brain development in children.
Poverty impacts a child’s capability to learn and process information depending on their background and source of income. A number of factors in the student’s surroundings, such as their home environment, create a possible barrier for any student who aims to accomplish a standard academic performance. Also including - -malnutrition and starvation, violent backgrounds, or non-involvement of parents—is more common in homes towards incomes that are in poverty level. Clearly projecting that an individual who has lived in poverty during their childhood, it is more difficult to attain a quality education to pursue within the effects of poverty. Education in poverty has become a major conflict in sufficient learning for students today.
Students from well background will sometime, try to bully or judge them because they don’t have suitable uniforms or shoes. Wearing torn uniforms to school, or unable to buy new school uniform as well as basic learning materials.David (2015) claimed that these children who lack hope for a good future can result as dropouts at a high rate(p.12&13).Some poor students feel self-abased because they know their family are unable to meet the high demand.So, they will more likely end up as dropouts.This will cause them to miss a lot of opportunities and cause illiteracy.Moreover, David(2015) added that poverty will also hinder academic success regardless of children or teenagers’(p.14).Data shows that most of the poor children score better test mark than rich children. However, the well to do children are always faster to succeed compared to the poor children. They face difficulties to succeed.Therefore, poverty will directly affect the children and teenagers’
Additionally, there are the socioeconomic discrepancies among students and their educational outcomes. Poverty’s negatively influences a student behaviour, achievement and retention in school; and it remains a stubborn fact of life even in rich countries like Canada and the USA. The inequity of family incomes has grown as wells as the depth of poverty has increased. Persistent socioeconomic disadvantage has a negative impact on the life outcomes of many Canadian children. Research shows associations between low income and psychiatric disorders, social and academic functioning, and chronic physical health problems.
In the United States today there is a significant number of kids who attend public schools, that’s not necessarily a bad thing, but these schools are facing a number of problems that bring downfalls to the overall effectiveness of the system. In the United States the average public school student will have a low standardized test score. This can be linked to the curriculum being taught and how it impacts the way students are learning and how effectively they’re really learning that material. In many situations public school students come from a lower income household, this is affecting those students’ chances of receiving a high-school diploma. In addition to not receiving a diploma it also hurts their chances of furthering their education
Poverty is also holding children back from living out their American dream. Many children go hungry in America. Many families are homeless due to unforeseen circumstances that are out of their control. There are many organizations that try to assist with the children’s poverty in America, but more are needed. More people need to be educated on the things that they can do to make a difference in their own country.
Poverty is one of the main reasons that a child’s developmental and educational outcome can be affected. One of the main ways a child can escape from poverty in the United States and developing countries is said to be through education. Education is a really important element but it needs to be alongside some other poverty relief plans, such as better opportunities organizations and strengthening the families. Kids that are brought up in low-income households are more vulnerable to educational and social issues. They are also more prone to have health problems and problems that can affect their well-being, which can result in them having issues in school.
A child’s life status, specifically poverty is a contributor to school refusal behaviors. Ramar, R. , Kusuma, A. , Lokanadha Reddy, G. (2005) stated there are two ways that poverty affect children (i) by impairing student’s health and (ii) by reducing their learning capacity. One reason is that poor children do not meet specific needs that would promote learning the development of a child. Unlike children from a sophisticated family, they meet their needs by having toys and books that would develop their skills. This literature shows that poverty is not the main reason of school refusal behavior but it could generate the thought of refusing school.
With regards to their sort of living, some study says that malnourished children commonly come from families who suffer from many shortcomings (Grantham-McGregor 1984). It points out the families who are living in overcrowded areas with poor hygiene and water supply plus low income. Likewise, according to research from Kikafunda, Walker, Collet and Tumwine (1998), living in rural or urban areas and low parental education levels contribute to malnutrition in children. Besides living in an area with poor physical and economic resources, parental education is indeed necessary. Since, parents play an important role on their child’s lives; it’s their obligation to be educated and responsible enough in taking good care of their children.