More than 85% of the population live in rural areas. Ethiopia is one of the least developed countries in the world with 47% of the population live in poverty and only 36 % of people above 15 years are literate. Ethiopia is a federal democratic republic with tree brances of governance and administration. The administrative structure comprises of nine regions, 80 zones, 551 districts and about 12 000 villages. The two cities Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa have separate administrations under the federal government.
However, civil conflicts have contributed to an even poorer state. The lack of natural resources available in Somalia has made the country very reliant upon their farm and livestock. Farmers that own camels, cattle, sheep and goats make up the upper class of Somalia. Concerns of animal health have left the sale of livestock very limited with certain bans in place. Somalia has an estimated population of 10 million people with his capital Mogadishu with around 2 million.
Sadly, only a certain minority manipulates this income, this lead to rural poverty. Rural poverty refers to poverty found in rural areas. The Rural Poverty Portal stated that two out of three parts or rural areas in Central America are poor, also, stated that half of its population is situated below the poverty line. Most of them cannot afford the basic needs to live. The country that is more affected with rural poverty is Honduras, with 75% of its population living in rural poverty.
This would mean that different states and governments around Ethiopia can have its own language. For example in oromia the working language is oromo so they learn and oromo in school. In ethiopian school systems amharic and English are taught from low
THE CONGO Greg Foster II United Sates Army The Democratic Republic of the Congo also known as Zaire, DR Congo, DRC, DROC, Congo-Kinshasa, East Congo or simply the Congo. It is the second largest country in Africa and the 11th largest country in world. With a population of over 78 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the fourth most-populated nation in Africa and the 17th most populated country in the world. I will be informing you about the Congo culture, five major characteristics that define culture, the common culture characteristics of the Congo as well as some military history pertaining to the Congo region. Culture is defined as the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial,
One-third of the population live below the national poverty line, lacking the resources to lead healthy lives. Only about 10% of the Lao population live in Vientiane, where most of the wealth is concentrated. In the 1990s, 90% of those who lived outside of Vientiane lived below the poverty level of $1 per day. There is a very wide gap between the income of the rich and poor in Laos. The top fifth of the population control 44% of the nation's wealth, while the bottom fifth control only
Ethiopia is one of sub-Saharan less developed countries, its economy heavily dependent on agriculture, which shares 43 % (UNDP, 2014) of the GDP. Accordingly, more than 80% of the population gains its livelihood directly or indirectly from agricultural production. In spite of the fact that the history of growth performance was poor, the country has experienced strong economic growth in the past decades.
CHAPTER 2 : LITERATURE REVIEW 1. Extractive Industries in Global Context Non-renewable mineral resources play a dominant role in 81 countries, which collectively account for a quarter of world GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70% of those in extreme poverty . About 3.5 billion people live in countries rich in oil, gas or minerals, but all too often, these resources have turned out to be a cause of conflict rather than opportunity. Many of these countries also suffer from poverty, corruption and conflict stemming from weak governance. In some cases, resource wealth is connected with political disorder, declining standards of living, civil clash, and elite capture.
The country’s 80 percent small holder farmers (average size of 1-2 Hectar) residing mostly in rural areas, produce more than 97 percent of agricultural output for the national economy (CSA, 2007). Despite the impressive GDP growth for more than a decade and macroeconomic fundamentals, around 25 million people in the country (29 per cent of the population) live below the nationally defined poverty line (MoFED 2012). Due to the fact that the lion share rural population derives its livelihood from agriculture, poverty is by large a rural phenomenon. The prevalence of such grinding poverty is structurally linked to the low production and productivity of subsistence agriculture sector. Indeed, poverty reduction is the central development policy agenda of the Ethiopian Governments’ and the rural poor is at the heart of the development endeavors.
Longevity Zambia is one of the poorest countries in the world, with surprising inequalities between the rich and the poor. Sixty per cent of all Zambians live below the poverty line. Significant deterioration in the quality of life has occurred simultaneously with reported economic growth of 4.3 per cent in 2015. The social divisions between the rich and the poor are so sharp that it is hard to recognise them as being in the same country. Indicators such as maternal mortality, infant mortality, under-five mortality, and crude death rate have worsened or remained stationary.