Genocide is not only a murderous madness, but the thought of a political Utopia, tempting many political leaders of multi-ethnic, religious, and cultural societies throughout history. From 1978 to 1983, General Efrain Rios Montt conducted inhumane acts and brutal killings against indigenous communities in Guatemala. ‘Death squads’ were sent into communities, killing anyone with a trace of fear in order to, “Dry up the human sea in which the guerrilla fish swim,” as stated by Montt. Although rebellion support was gained from cruel acts carried out by the government, troops responded to rebellious guerilla movements with massive massacres on innocent civilians. The Guatemalan genocides were
Spanish imperial rule defined much of Colombia’s social and economic development in the sixteenth century under the system of mercantilism. The country (then colony) was an exporter of raw materials such as metals. It was not until Colombia was granted independence that the country was able to create a modern economy. This modern economy was based on coffee and other agricultural exports. Colombia prospered during the late nineteenth century due to the exporting of tobacco and coffee. Wealth was mainly based on the country’s agriculture and commerce along with their exportations to global markets. Colombia’s economic development has not been as constant as it has been nowadays. Post-World War II, the country’s economic development has faced
Poverty is a crippling situation which can stagnate the development of individuals. Insufficiency in a society can affect persons in more ways than one. Those experiencing a substandard way of living may not be able to obtain quality education which can cause a lack of sufficient employment. Lower paying jobs will more than likely not include quality health insurance for the employee. Without a healthy lifestyle, one cannot lead a productive life. Undoubtedly, the circumstance mentioned above can become a vicious cycle, occurring over and over again because needed resources may not be available and the empowerment of poorer individuals is not accessible. A drastic measure such as emigrating from another country without close family members
When you think of Guatemala, you might think of all the bad stuff the media only covers, like the violence or drug cartels. It is more than that, and I’m here today to share more information about the old country and inform you guys on Guatemala’s history, culture, and it’s natural beauty.
Sadly, only a certain minority manipulates this income, this lead to rural poverty. Rural poverty refers to poverty found in rural areas. The Rural Poverty Portal stated that two out of three parts or rural areas in Central America are poor, also, stated that half of its population is situated below the poverty line. Most of them cannot afford the basic needs to live. The country that is more affected with rural poverty is Honduras, with 75% of its population living in rural poverty. According to Merco Press, the FAO-Cepal Report, rural poverty has been decreasing in past years but still it is affecting a large amount of the population. The income of the exportation of product depends on the single largest export, coffee. Most of this product and other products such as bananas, are being exported to USA, this is helping Central America’s economy to be more
The Monroe Doctrine was a speech given in 1823 by James Monroe, the 5th president of the United States, to the U.S. Congress concerning European presence in the Western Hemisphere. Monroe was becoming continuously concerned about European influence in the region. While the primary audience for this message was Congress, the intended audience was all European powers, including Russia, and Latin America. The events in Latin America before and after the Spanish-American War will be used as an example of the imperial reach by the U.S. The United States, ironically, became an imperial power through its mission outlined in the Monroe Doctrine to end European colonialism and imperialism.
A theory in the work is that political and economic structures failed to provide enough decent opportunities and support to the whole economy.
This openness and trade liberalization has led to the importation of products, where the agricultural sector has been one of the most disadvantaged for reasons that hinder their good development as the high cost of supplies for cultivation, armed groups, drug trafficking and the lack presence of government support programs and plans to increase the safety and permanence of the rural population in agricultural
A major issue in America today is poverty. However not much is being done to help those in need. Many who struggle in poverty are those who struggle getting the basic necessities we need in the everyday life such as food, clothes, water, and shelter. Different factors that can contribute to poverty are lack of education, unemployment, poor economy, race/origin, non-effective policies, and illness/disease; therefore more help should be made towards helping those in need.
The Maya human progress was a Mesoamerican development created by the Maya people groups in a territory that includes southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western segments of Honduras and El Salvador. The most punctual towns created before 2000 BC. The primary Maya urban areas created around 750 BC, and by 500 BC these urban communities had fantastic structural engineering. Two hundred years after the fact, the Maya were utilizing Hieroglyphic written work, the most progressive script in the pre-Columbian Americas. Just three of their books of history and custom learning are known for sure to remain. Starting in the mid third century, the Classic period saw the Maya human advancement build up countless states connected
As per the 2011 analysis, approximately 54% of the population lives in poverty. The country also exhibits one of the most unequal income distributions. As a matter of fact, 10% of the total population consumes about 47% of the total income of the country (Adams & Hawkins, 2007). This is nearly half of the income being consumed by a tenth of Guatemalans. The indigenous population which is approximately a half of the total national population lives in the rural areas. Maternal malnutrition and infant mortality rate are ranked high in Guatemala (Adams & Hawkins, 2007). All these issues result into heavy government expenditure in trying to provide food, education and medication to the vulnerable
The Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Mayan peoples, which stood out in America1 for its hieroglyphic writing, one of the few fully developed writing systems of the pre-Columbian American continent, as well as for its art, architecture and systems of mathematics, astronomy and ecology.2 It was developed in the region that encompasses the southeast of Mexico, corresponding to the states of Yucatan, Campeche, Tabasco, Quintana Roo and eastern Chiapas, as well as in most of Guatemala, Belize, the western part of Honduras and El Salvador. This region is composed of the northern lowlands that encompass the Yucatan peninsula, the highlands of the Sierra Madre that extends through the Mexican state of Chiapas, southern
Haiti, a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, is one of the world 's poorest and least developed countries. Same to other developing countries, Haiti developed agriculture instead of industry. Furthermore, Haiti is a country which always happened flooding, droughts, hurricanes and other meteorological disasters that were mainly caused by climate change. These disasters did affect Haiti a lot in the aspect of economy change, diseases like malaria or cholera caused by tropical Cyclone hotspots and vulnerability and adaptive capability of this country.
The right to food is a human right. It is universal, acknowledged at the national, regional and international level, and applies to every person and group of persons. Currently, however, some 852 million persons throughout the world are seriously – and permanently undernourished, 815 million of whom are in developing countries, 28 million in countries in transition and 9 million in developed (―industrialized‖) countries. Furthermore, every five seconds, a child under ten years of age dies of hunger or malnutrition1 – more than 5 million per year.
The continuous increasing demand for the food requires the rapid improvement in food production technology. In a country like Ethiopia, the economy is mainly based on agriculture and the climate conditions are isotropic, still we are not able to make full usage of agricultural resources. The main reason is the lack of rains and scarcity of the land reservoir water in some areas of the country.