Why are there poor countries? Some countries are poor because they lack natural resources, while several are full off and do not know how to use them in order to achieve their economic potential. One of the best examples is Nigeria. It has resources, but does not know how to exploit them. Nigeria Nigeria, the largest country in Africa, whose population was estimated to 178,516,904.0 million in 2014 is also unexpectedly reported to fight absolute poverty; 60.9% of Nigerians lived in absolute poverty in 2010.
Nigeria, like every other sub-Saharan country is rich in natural resources, increasing economic growth (the country has earned over US$300 billion from crude oil alone) and a sporadically exploding population (Majorly able-bodied youth). Ironically, Nigeria’s basic social indicators now place her as one of the 25 poorest countries in the world (Akanbi and Du Toit, 2009). The Nigerian Living Standard Survey (2004) report noted that poverty dropped from 65.6 percent in 1996 to 57.8percent in 2004 while non-poor increased from 34.4 percent in 1996 to 42.2 percent in 2004 (NBS, 2005). Therefore, it is important to understand that the monetary definition of poverty has not really auger well in the fight against poverty particularly in this part
This a paradox, since Niger has the necessary resources to boost its development. Still it remains one of the poorest countries in the world with a deficient budget. In order to break this vicious cycle of poverty and improve each Nigerien’s standard of living, the Nigerien government must diversify its economy, raise the taxes and reduce the population
According to UNDP (1996), poverty is no longer contained within national boundaries, it has become even globalized and it travels across borders, without a passport, in the forms of drugs, disease, pollution, migration, terrorism and political stability. Poverty is an important concern for social workers everywhere in the world, but there are differences in scope of this phenomenon. Nigeria harbors the largest population of poor people in the sub Saharan Africa despite being the eight largest oil producing country in the world. Nigeria is also ranked 158th on the human development index (Y. Dauda and J. Aderonmu, 2010). High income inequality is also a common feature of the country, which has majority of the wealth, concentrated to a few especially those residing in the urban areas.
Abstract Increasing inequality in Nigeria has been of growing interest to scholars, international political observers and the Nigerian public since the creation of the country in 1914 by the British colonial masters. The focus of this paper is on the extent to which the practice of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic has contributed to the reduction of inequality. The paper begins with the dimensions of inequality in Nigeria. The study shows that democratic governance has not adequately bridged the inequality gap in country. The paper further identifies reasons for the failure of democratic governance to address the problem of inequality successfully.
Children in Nigeria work for a variety of reasons. The most important is poverty. Children work to ensure the survival of their family and themselves even if not well paid. .Children is often prompted to work by their parents. The proportion of parent decision in Nigeria on child labour is similar to that of Pakistan which according toBuchmann, C. (2000) represent 62, while only 8 per cent children make their own decisions to work at time.
The growth of the population especially in the urban areas of Nigeria has assumed an alarming proportion, therefore the provision of urban infrastructure and housing to meet this demand is not proportional, which has resulted in acute shortage of housing. This deficit in housing has both negative and positive impact on the quantity and quality of housing in Nigeria. The paper includes a review of literatures stating the current housing condition in Nigeria. Using data gotten primarily by observation and secondarily by review of other literature, the paper researches on the present impact of housing deficiency on Architecture. The paper provides the positive and negative impacts of housing shortage on architecture in Nigeria, such as,
NIGERIA, THE UNKNOWN Nigeria, a country located on the western coast of Africa is often overlooked and its culture goes unrecognized. Contrary to misinformed beliefs, Nigeria is a well-developed country with a general population of 170 million and many different qualities and interesting facts. Petroleum for example, which was first discovered in 1956, is the most important source of Nigerian government revenue and foreign trade (The World Factbook: NIGERIA. (2018, February 22). Nigeria has its own currency which is Naira as well as its own political infrastructure that consists of government, military, and presidency.
Many manufacturing industries sprang up and the economy experienced a rapid growth of about 8 percent per year that made Nigeria, by 1980, the largest economy in Africa. The military regimes of Murtala Muhammad and Olusegun Obasanjo benefited from a tremendous influx of oil revenue that increased 350 percent between 1973 and 1974. Foreign companies such as Shell-BP, Exxon-Mobil, Chevron, Agip and Texaco, operated in partnership with the government in the oil sector. The capital-intensive oil sector provides 95% of Nigeria’s foreign exchange and 65% of its budgetary revenues. A major feature of Nigeria’s economy in the 1980’s was its dependence on petroleum which accounted for 87% of export receipts and 77% of the Federal government revenue in 1988 Nigeria’s membership in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), has enabled Nigeria participate in crucial decisions on crude oil production setting for all OPEC members and also given Nigeria the consciousness of the need of a skillful bargaining at the international market.
The National Strategic Health Development Plan Framework (2009-2015) 7. Health Financing in Nigeria accessed at; http://www.mamaye.org.ng/en/resources/free-downloads?page=2 11/20/2014 8. WHO (2010) Constraints to scaling up the health Millennium Development Goals: costing and financial gap analysis, Background Document for the Taskforce on Innovative Financing for Health Systems, WHO. www.who.int/choice/publicationsd_ScalingUp_MDGs_WHO_report.pdf Part B Summarize a public health organization and the population it serves. AIDS Prevention Initiative in Nigeria, Ltd. /Gte. (APIN) is a non-governmental organization registered with the Nigerian Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC).