1 billion out of 2.2 billion children in the world are in poverty (Shah). That’s every second child. Shah states that one in four people live without electricity. People living in poverty have less access to education and are more likely to commit crime, and their children are less likely to be successful as adults. This creates low social mobility and poor health standards, which lead to more social spending and a financial strain on the economy.
Another important impact is the nutrition of the many children in the Philippines affected by poverty – The National Statistical Coordination Board stated more than 11 million Filipinos were considered food-poor are living below subsistence level in 2003. In addition, there are families who live beside or nearby polluted areas which are affected by
Child labor exists even though laws eliminate it. There are many reasons that cause child labor: Poverty and unemployment levels are high – As you see, the most of employed children work in less developed countries by economy. In such countries poor families and children may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. According to U.N statistics more than one-fourth of the people around the world live in poverty that is caused by the high unemployment levels. Free education is limited – U.N estimated that approximately 75 million children were not attending school.
Poverty is most severe and most widespread in these areas and almost 80 percent of the country’s poor people live there. Agriculture is the primary and often only source of income for poor rural people, most of whom depend on subsistence farming and fishing for their livelihoods. In general, illiteracy, unemployment and the incidence of poverty are higher among indigenous peoples and people living in the upland areas. Overall, more than a third of the people in the Philippines live in poverty. The poorest of the poor are the indigenous peoples, small-scale farmers who cultivate land received through agrarian reform, landless workers, fishers, people in upland areas and women.
In 2013, approximately 2.3m or just over 10% of all English households were in this category. (Department of Energy and Climate Change, 2014). Food poverty, as defined as “the inability to afford, or to have access to, food to make up a healthy diet” is another useful concept (Department of Health, 2005). Although the UK is the seventh richest country in the world, some people here struggle to pay for food. One in 6 parents have gone without food themselves in order to be able to feed their families.
Children are born with a low birth weight and there are high mortality rates, malnutrition and starvation. Poverty also affects learning and development in children which results in a continent full of illiterate people, resulting in them not being able to find employment and earn a decent income to meet their daily needs. Not earning a decent income also results in parents not being able to take their children to schools which creates what is called a “cycle of poverty”. Emotional
CAUSES OF POVERTY Over population This is defined as the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space. Over population is caused by high number of birthrates in a country, for example most parents need boys in their families to be heirs, provide security among other. Poverty can also depend on the country`s mix of population density and agriculture for example Uganda has one of the highest population of 37.8 million
People do not send their children to school but to make them work and earn for their families even in very small ages. According to a report nearly 5 million children are forced to wored at the age of 4 to 14 year. Increase in crime and violence is the most noticeable problem which is created by the poverty in the society. There is an immense increase in the street crimes as people are dying from poverty they find it easier to make them and their families satisfied. The most common problem which is increasing due to poverty is human trafficking.
First, households headed by people with lower education are more likely to be food insecure because people with less education are less likely to get a high paying job. Households with lots of children are also more likely to be food insecure because they have more mouths to feed, especially if only one parent lives in the household (Ratcliffe 1092). A household only having one parent is at risk to be food insecure because the family only has one source of income, and have to include expensive budget items such as child care, leaving less money for high quality
Fr. Conegundo Garganta said the increasing number of child labor is an indicator of the worsening poverty in the country. (Medenilla, 2013) Studies show that children were not able to achieve optimum growth within the first 1,000 days from birth are at higher risk of impaired cognitive development which have adverse effects on their schooling performance and labor force participation and productivity in later life. The ILO earlier raised the alarm over time the estimated 2.4 million Filipino children working in dangerous areas such as sex trade, mining and factories. Widespread poverty has supposedly driven these children to work as