Poverty In Tanzania In Transition

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This paper is inspired by the two articles “Oman’s Diverse Society: Northern Oman” by J.E. Peterson and the second chapter of the book “Tanzania in Transition” by Kjell Havnevik. We live in a world where “the wealth of the one percent richest people in the world amounts to $110 trillion. That’s 65 times the total wealth of the bottom half of the world’s population” (Shin, 2014, para 2). Poverty is defined as the lack of basic human needs; and Africa is known to be the poorest continent, in which Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in that continent. According to statistics Tanzania has 30 to 40 percent poverty, and one of main issues that cause this poverty is that the rich exploit the poor for personal gain, and the lack of education in the community. This problem has been there even before Tanzania transitioned from a colony to an independent country. Even though, Tanzania is improving in terms of reducing poverty it remains one of the world’s poorest country. Many people including the father of Tanzania “Julius Kambarage Nyerere” tried to solve the issue of poverty in Tanzania by implementing policies to help the economy, but they failed. The inability to solve this problem causes the community to suffer from many diseases, poor living conditions, unsafe working environment, and alcohol and substance abuse.
According to many researches the main reason for poverty in the developing countries is the high percentage of illiteracy especially in Africa, “Around the world,

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