The Republic of Congo possesses the lowest GDP per capita in the world- therefore making it the poorest country in the world (Kaswala). According to the ‘Borgen Project’- Congo’s GDP per capita in 2012 was a mere $370 comparing to the richest country at the time (Quatar) with a GDP per capita of $100,000 (Kaswala). Now in 2015, Congo’s GDP has increased, but only by little. It now has a GDP per capita of $435 (Finance).
The Social Development approach which started from 1994, aims at collective empowerment, facilitating the processes that help the poor, vulnerable and marginalised to regain power and control over their lives. Poverty according to Swanepoel and De Beer (as sited in Narayan, Chambers Shah & Petesch, 2000, p. 33) poverty is said to be like heat; one cannot see it; one can only feel it; so to know poverty one has to go through it words by a poor person living in Ethiopia. A number of individuals; families and communities are regarded as poverty stricken if they are without basic needs: no food, no shelter and no means of survival. The concept of poverty can also be clear as the state of being poor or deficient in money or means of subsistence
Africa might be rich however most of its people live in abject poverty the government fails to provide them with basic services such as education electricity medical care. An example can be in case of South Africa where President Jacob Zuma build a R246 million home in Nkandla while his next door neighbours live in a shark. 10 corruption scandals that rocked South Africa (2017). Although Zimbabwe may be one of the poorest countries in the continent it is however one of the worst corrupt countries in the world. With President Robert Mugabe being in power since April 1980 till date.
Therefore, they would eventually get diseases which would lead to their death. Many poor countries in Africa are caught in environmental problems, and overpopulation. Africa has many natural resources and yet there are poor and unable to develop. So, what causes poverty? There are several reasons why poverty would occur which is corruption, and lack of resources in few regions.
Poverty is a huge issue in South Africa because people who live in poverty usually turn to crime as the solution in order to survive. People living in poverty become more sick from lack of access to clean water and sanitation and children are prone to malnutrition. South Africa gives out social grants in order to minimise poverty in the country, and according to “Randfontein herald” more than 30% of South Africa’s population relies on a social grant. Which means that the country is using money for social grants that could be used for other important resources, such as education, transportation and other country needs. (Anon., 2014) What is the impact of poverty on South Africa?
However, the unprecedented levels of unemployment in South Africa combined with large number of “working poor” makes achieving food security challenging. The South Africa’s extensive social assistance programmes are recognised to contribute to reducing food insecurity and act as an important safety net for most poor and vulnerable households. Although the state has an ambitious plan to enhance employment in South Africa, mainly through short term public employment programmes, these are low paying jobs and hence cannot contribute effectively to addressing food and nutrition security. A further challenge is that fewer people in South Africa rely on access to land and involvement in agriculture to grow food for own consumption. Other challenges affecting food and nutrition security include high prices and the main concern is food price inflation that often exceeds the general inflation.
One thing is for sure, Poverty is rife in South Africa. Causes of South Africa’s poverty: South Africa’s past is entrenched deeply into modern day society and poverty is no different. South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. The gap between the rich and poor is vast and continues to grow. The legacy of Apartheid can be directly attributed to the poverty and unequal distribution of wealth in South Africa today.
Poverty is a stable companion of a large portion of the generalpopulation of Bangladesh because of some particular explanations behind which the rich are ending up richer and the poor are getting to be normally poorer.Bangladesh in the past known and East Pakistan won its freedom on December 16, 1971 after a long bloodshed and intense fight against Pakistan. Bangladesh is a poor developing country. Our country’s economy by incomparable poverty and resulting delinquencies high level of unemployment, low level of labor productivity, malnutrition, illiteracy, high capital scarcity and many more. In our country where more than fifty percent population live below poverty line and more then seventy five percent of them do not know how to write their
INTRODUCTION Poverty - the inability of an individual or a family to meet up with the basic needs of life- is one of the most prominent problems of developing countries. Poverty alleviation seems to be the most difficult challenge facing many developing countries; where on the average, majority of the population are considered poor. The standard of living of poor populace has continued to worsen and this has become a major concern of governments, multilateral institutions and policy makers in different countries, with efforts geared towards appropriate strategies for poverty alleviation. The current thinking on poverty alleviation has however focused on the promotion of opportunities, enhancement of security as well as the facilitation of
Pakistan is a poor and under developed country. Most of its population breathes in absolutely hostile circumstances. Some reports reveal that more than forty percent population of Pakistan lives below the line of poverty. A large number of people in our country do not have good place to live, this despondent condition has given birth to a large number of beggars and poor people who live on the charity of the rich. The economic condition of an average individual is very pitiable.