Poverty Problems In Poor Countries

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The poverty problem in poor countries is intractable. And it triggers a series of problems like lacking of food, low education level, unemployment and so on. One of the most important features of poverty is that it would influence the future and could even be transmitted to the second generation. Just like what has been illustrated in the S-Shape Curve, people who are already in the poverty trap will have lower and lower income in the future (Banerjee,A., Banerjee,A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011). So if we want to alleviate the serious poverty situation in developing countries, we may need to start from the origin. In other words, if we can control the poverty situation within each family, we can then change the life of the second generations of those…show more content…
Lacking of specific knowledge makes poor people stay under-nourished as they do not know how important nutrition is. And this leaves them with serious negative impact on their health. For instance, in Indian, pregnant women are not allowed to eat too much because Indian thinks food would occupy baby’s space (Banerjee, A., Banerjee, A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011). But actually having insufficient food when women are pregnant will make them become weaker which is bad for the parturition. This could even influence the baby’s health. So it is very important and urgent to convey the importance of nutrition to poor people through education. Education can do more. It is a very important element of changing the life of the poor. However, it has always been neglected as the poor need to ensure their problem of food and clothing firstly. Although the number of children of school age who are out of school has sharply decreased from 103million form 1999 to 73million in 2006, the education quality is not high enough (Banerjee, A., Banerjee, A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011). Due to hard living environment in poor countries, only elite have the chance of get better education (Banerjee, A., Banerjee, A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011).If there are two or more boys in a family, only the smartest can get to higher level of school cause education may cost a lot. And even when education is free for some of them as a subsidy,…show more content…
Mothers who get some education are twice more likely to send their children to school than those mothers who are not educated (UNICEF). However, a large percent of women in developing countries still work as housewives. In India, Nigeria and South Africa, more than 75% of girls from 15 to 24 are not engaged in paid work and are not looking for work (Chaaban& Cunningham, 2011). It is a waste of human capital. Moreover, making more women get better education would help a lot in saving lives. For instance, in sub-Saharan Africa, if all women can complete primary education, it will reduce maternal deaths by 70%, saving almost 50,000 lives (UNESCO, 2013). And women with higher education level can guarantee the health of their children. According to the face sheet of UNESCO(2013), 1.7 million children would be saved from malnutrition if all women have finished the primary school. And another important result of women getting educated is that there would be fewer children. In sub-Saharan Africa, women with no education have 6.7 births, on average. If all women there have been primary educated, the average births becomes 5.8 (UNESCO, 2013). As what is mentioned before, fewer children can solve the problem of hunger and thus break the vicious circle under the theory of nutrition-based poverty trap. And this may help with the problem of disproportionate number of citizens under the age of 30
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