Thomas Hobbes a 17th century philosopher who is best known for his political philosophy. The idea that nature is competitive, where morality only appears when we enter into society and it is backed up by the power of the sovereign. Hobbes define human nature as sensational because sensation is the source of all of our thoughts. We seek out pleasant experience and we avoid unpleasant experiences. For example death is an unpleasant experience where people are fearful losing their lives.
This is not fair treatment to Ariel and Caliban just like the Europeans did not treat the natives fairy. There is very clear similarities between the two concepts and the connection can be easily seen. In the play, Caliban was on the island first and he considered that his land. When Prospero came over, he used his power to take over. He was the Duke, and he could take over anyone he wanted.
When Iago requires the help of Roderigo, he convinces him by proclaiming the injustice brought upon him with Cassio being made lieutenant instead of himself. Because he believes Cassio to be inexperienced as he’s “never set a squadron on the field,” (Shakespeare 1.1.23) and he’s had “mere prattle without practice” (Shakespeare 1.1.27). Iago’s animosity and envy towards Cassio and Othello prompts him to carry out whatever it takes to bring them down. By using the people around him, he can manipulate any situation. He brings on the wrath of Brabantio regarding Desdemona, so that there will be a damper on Othello’s reputation.
Second, he demystifies meaninglessness by circumscribing it within relatable set pieces, portraying nihilism as imminent as people like the nuclear family (like that of Samsa) is common. Kafka’s other achievements are just as impressive; he transforms Samsa into something unrecognizable and strips away his normalcy. The latter demonstrates the fragility with which society, represented by Samsa’s family, endeavors maintain the thin barrier between it and the void of meaning, while the first is a literary parallel. To elaborate, the title, ’The Metamorphosis’, doesn’t just refer to Gregor. It is an accusation on all men and women, to Grete, to Gregor’s parents, to the lodgers, and even the boss, an accusation that everyone undergoes the ‘Metamorphosis’ when one is separated from one’s values.
According to his journalls all of them stand short in froint of his tall ambition of exercising a godlike control on life. This shows that he desired to turn nature into his slave . Aylmer is a symbol of science and intellect used by the writer to prove his point by not showing much deep deatails of a character of a norml short story . he is presented as a model of cpmplete fiction fiction to show the consequencesof the situation when mindoperates independent of morality. Hawthorne suggests by his work that ambition regardless of morality always results in disaster and death
(Hobbes, 1985, p.185) For classical realists, the characteristics of human nature were put into practice in international politics where every state is functions to garner safety and as there is no power to keep states moral, they indulge in competition which often results in “war of all against all”. (Hobbes, 1985, p.185b) This realist thinking was given perspective in a much more formalized manner by Morgenthau (2006) who outlined six principles of political realism by stating that realism held its foundations in human nature, thus further cementing Hobbes
Thereby allowing Iago to use what influence and power he has retained to ruin Othello’s life and power dynamic. He relies completely on what he believes to be his merit (through status) rather than loyalty, which Othello favors. Another proprietor of power is Othello, who is more unexpected than the other characters to wield it. “I fetch my life and being from men of royal siege, and my demerits may speak unbonneted to as proud a fortune as this that I have reached” (Shakespeare,1280). As he is a non-European character he has had to have undeniable levels of experience to be appointed to his position, yet even then he is
This reliance on passion is reflected by the rhetoric Hobbes employs throughout Leviathan. Dramatic phrases such as the claim that man’s life will be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short” (Hobbes 82) are used to elicit a fearful reaction that causes readers to accept Hobbes’ argument on their passion alone. Since man’s decision to enter into a commonwealth basically depends on fear, reason and rationality should play no role in Hobbes’ political theory. Man would act completely on his passions and be no different than an
“Man Jeete Jag Jeet” in Japji Sahib by Guru Nanak is a world famous teaching of controlling over the desires of mind lest one gets corrupted by them. It means, one can win the world but one cannot easily win over the mind/ desires. Therefore, a man who has controlled his mind is greater than the one who has conquered the world. The characters – Marlow and Kurtz – in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness display such contrast. The present study is aimed at understanding the symbolic darkness in the novella in the light of above given line by Guru Nanak.
Introduction 1.0 Background Study “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” Lord Acton Power plays an important role in the foundation of civilization and this has been the law of nature since ages. The most royalist way to show intelligent use of power is none other than POLITICS. However, it is known that power corrupts and absolute power will definitely corrupts absolutely. Politics is popularly known and seen as the power to legislate. Concentration of the same power in one hand may turn out to underrepresentation or no representation at all of the populace.