In what ways does Ibsen reject traditional gender ideology? Written in 1879, Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House provides a glance into the traditional gender roles of the Victorian era. It is a creative representation of gender roles in society and a conspicuous view of the prevailing belief of what it means to be a woman living under a patriarchal marriage. The play is written with subtle hints of sarcasm emphasizing the secret opinions of Ibsen himself. Throughout the play, it is evident that Ibsen takes a feminist view because of his constant mockery of the typical gender roles and challenges patriarchy and the women’s view in 19th century society.
This new society, The Republic of Gilead, presents a satirical condition for women, oppression regime for them, and the rise of sexism. The Republic of Gilead depicts misogyny and it is pervasive to suggest that this republic is only established for the only purpose of setting up a patriarchal society. This book tells us about the oppression of women through believing them that what they are doing is for their own protection. They are lead to believe that their only importance is their ability to bear children. In this totalitarian state, women are subjugated to the point of sexual slavery.
The Victorian Era, a period that lasted from 1837 to 1901, was a time that witnessed extreme gender differences and double standards; women were dominated by their sexuality and defined by whether or not they held the inherent qualities of femininity expected by their society. Dracula magnificently captures the essence of these polarized gender roles, a principal known as the ideology of separate spheres , by posing a threat to docility and innocence in an evolving society where women were submissive and dependent on men for everything. Moreover, Stoker’s masterpiece proposes an intricate modification to the Victorian Society by portraying varying types of women present at the time; The New Woman, portrayed by the docile and loving Mina Murray; The Femme Fatal, reflected by the voluptuous sex-crazed vampire sisters; and the Damsel in Distress, represented by Lucy Westenra and her ambiguous position between the ideal and the doomed. Using a fictional approach and his superb linguistic skills, Stoker creates a contrast between these three female roles, divinely threatening the male hierarchy and implying a near detachment from the conservative idealizations present at the time. The perfection and docility embodied by the prestigious Mina Murray make her the ultimate Victorian Lady.
Females were often objectified and depicted as vulnerable in society. Whereas their male counterparts are often thought of as villainous, oppressive and violent. Gothic literature was often associated with a “predator” and “victim” ideology. The concept of a female “predator” would definitely have been unorthodox and disturbing to a reader of the late 18th, early 19th century. Carter
Chauvinism and Feminism in Handmaid’s tale Introduction This paper explores the relations between patriarchy and class in the context of a dystopian society which is very well depicted by Attwood. In this sense, how patriarchy is used against women. Debates appeared when society acquired language and now a days is still a hot debate. Radical, feminists point men as the 'main enemy’ and they say that, patriarchy is considered as a form of domination imposed by men on women. Feminists are dealing with how to understand the relations between patriarchy and how to confront, oppose male chauvinism in the ruling class.
Handmaids are women with viable ovaries who were either divorced, married to a man who had been divorced, or had reached a certain age without ever marrying before Gilead. Therefore, their social function is to bear children for Commanders and their Wives. They are below everyone in society, even Marthas who are almost considered non-existent. If a Handmaid gets pregnant and gives birth to a baby, she will continue to serve as a Handmaid,
So, his plays represent the junction point at which women are characterized as enlightened and emancipated with the power of resistance who struggle to overcome the male dominance. Girish Karnad wants to aware his audiences through how in the name of marriage women are exploited and subjected to all kinds of repressive treatment engineered basically by a patriarchal society. Karnad has undertaken a journey through his plays to take up the challenge to look at the contentious issues of women. His mastery lies in the treatment of politics of difference that underlies the paradigms of gender and caste. Keywords Feminism, Gender, Patriarchy, Tradition, Society Introduction The ‘feminism’ is a cultural construction of marginality in relation to patriarchal society.
The agony of woman in such a patriarchal society is well expressed by Chitralekha, who undergoes oppression and suppression at the hands of men despite her caste and class superiority. Chitralekha represent the subalternity of woman in masculinist society where she is identified as “other”, or “second sex” despite her high position in the society. Karnad doesn’t adhere to traditional
She has focused on the dual burdens carried out by the postcolonial female subjects; both patriarchal and imperial. Reina Lewis has observed that gender is used as metaphor for negative characterization of the orientalized others as “feminist” […]. (1996: 18). The power of colonial discourse may be assumed from how it positions women. The veil, (hijab) is the symbol of oppression and romantic simultaneously of the orient contrasted to the supposed freedom of western sexuality.
According to vijay kumar Mehta,” Manju Kapur, the radical feminist, truly presents the hidden intricacies of women psyche in her novels. Her protagonists make an effort to dismantle the gender polarization up to a great extent Gender polarization is a concept that what is feminine cannot be masculine and what is masculine cannot be feminine. It is expected of men and women to display stereotypic gender roles. It utilizes the differences between the two groups of male and female to designate particular characteristics to group members of one group and not the other. Sandra Bem describes “the relationship between men and women as a division of social responsibilities.