Antony being very loyal to Caesar is hurt by the assassination and vows to avenge Caesar. While speaking to the crowd, he manipulates the Roman people to see the assassination of Caesar as an act of malice and jealousy. In his funeral speech, Brutus creates a earnestand honest tone through the use of loaded words,
Leaders derive their power from a range of sources – military force, wealth, rank. However, leaders that we most admire win followers through the skill of persuasion. The ability of a speaker to persuade his listeners to agree with him signals that he is a powerful and astute figure. In the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, the character of Cassius attempts to convince Brutus that Caesar should be assassinated. Brutus, however, cares deeply for Caesar and is hesitant to kill the beloved hero of Rome.
One reason I believe that Brutus is a traitor is how he betrayed the people of Rome by killing Caesar. A common counterargument is that Brutus thought that what he was doing was for the betterment of Rome. However, the people wanted Caesar, as can be seen when they leave their work to celebrate him, as in this quote: “But indeed, sir, we make holiday to see Caesar and to rejoice in his triumph,” and whether or not Caesar was better for the people of Rome, killing Caesar was a betrayal of the will of the Romans. A similar argument is that by trying to explain to the Roman people why he did what he did, he showed how much he truly loved the Roman people. However, whether Brutus loved the Roman people or not, the murder of Caesar was still an act of treachery, as the Roman people wanted him as their ruler.
This isn't effective because the only thing this could do is make the romans feel as if they are being attacked. On the contrary, Antony's use of rhetorical questions effectively shifts the way the romans think of caesar by saying “You all did love him once, not without cause. What cause withholds you then, you mourn for him?”. For the first time, the romans are being asked why is that they love Caesar, in this moment the question if affective. The reason for its effectiveness is because Anthony is preaching a new concept, this causes people to think, as well as feel.
This is used to display his emotion. Antony states, “Bear with me; My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, and I must pause till it come back to me” (3.2. 33-35). From this quote, you can tell that Antony believes killing Caesar was wrong and he wanted the citizens to think that as well. Even though he wanted to be the king, Caesar was still his friend.
Antony said this to start showing his own feeling toward the death of Caesar. He also hoped that this would make the crowd feel for him and start feeling sad about the death. “It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you. You are not wood, you are not stone, but men” (3.2. Line 144-145).
Pathos is a quality that evokes pity or sadness. Antony first uses pathos in his speech when he says”Bear with me; for my heart is in the coffin there with Caesar.” When he is finished saying this he pauses to let the crowd sink in these ideas and then antony goes on his real rampage after this. This emotion that he show lets the people feel it to since he was such close friends with Caesar. Antony might be referring to the people even that since he was such a close friend to Caesar and that their hearts are still together he should be the next ruler. Furthermore, in the speech antony says “ For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel: judge, o you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him.” Antony uses brutus like how girl describe relationships these day, that one moment you are bestfriends and each others guardian “angels” but things change and one person must decide they don’t like.
By refusing to read the will several times and admitting that what it contains will cause the people to have such a great love for Caesar that knowing he is now dead will be unbearable, Antony ignites curiosity in the people and furthermore, a subconscious feeling of respect and graciousness toward Caesar. Basically, Antony uses Caesar’s will to convince the people that Caesar was a selfless, kind-hearted man and those who killed him should be ashamed and punished for killing an innocent man. Through Antony’s use of paralipsis, he is able to plant a seed of admiration for Caesar and one of hate for the conspirators in the hearts of the plebeians. In his speech to the citizens, Antony also asks many rhetorical questions to cause his audience to pause and reflect on how they really feel, or how Antony wants them to feel, about certain people and events that have recently become important. In one instance.
Then towards the end of the story, repetition is utilized to make the Plebeians want to interrogate Brutus about his loyalty as he utters," Yet Brutus says he was ambitious: and Brutus is an honorable man... And sure he is an honorable man." Next, in Brutus speech the rhetorical devices that exist are logos, rhetorical question, and pathos. These devices were used to illustrate how ambitious Caesar was and how hungry he was to hold the crown. As an example, logos is used to send a message out to the judges to take a step back to look at the big picture when Brutus announces, "Censor in your wisdom, and awake your sense that you may the better judge. "(Shakespeare 17-18) After that, a rhetorical question was addressed to manifest why he eliminated Caesar to free everyone from being serfs which questioned,"Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar was dead, to live all free
After Caesar’s death, Antony seems to make peace with the conspirators, allowing him to speak at the funeral. During his speech, he uses the tactic of faking his emotions, causing the crowds to stir against the conspirators. He seems like he is devastated by the injustice done and passionate to gain vengeance for Caesar. On the contrary, Antony 's’ conversations after the speech shows that his plans is not for Caesar, but for his own aspirations. When Antony orders Lepidus, he says, “Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine / How to cut off some charge in legacies” (4.
Caesar is killed by conspirators who wanted freedom, liberty, and democracy. Though Caesar had ruled well, he wanted to be crowned and was ambitious. Caesar was killed because he was the one whose “abuse of greatness is when it disjoins remorse from power” (2.1.18, 19). But Brutus thought that “when he once attains the upmost round, he then unto the ladder turns his back” (2.1.24, 25). But Caesar loved the Romans according to what Antony spoke about Caesar 's death, “when that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept” (3.2.89).
However some may postulate that Brutus was a noble man in killing Caesar and “saving” Rome. After all Caesar was becoming an overeager tyrant that wanted to take over Rome. Brutus was benevolent in saving the republic rather than let a ruthless tyrant rule Rome. This argument fails to consider that Caesar “hath brought many captives home to Rome whose ransoms did the general coffers fill.”(5.1.87-88) Caesar sympathized with the poor: “When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept” (3.2.88). Caesar had even bestowed a sum of money from his personal holdings upon every man in Rome.