‘The consolidation of royal authority, in the years 1487-1509, was due to Henry VII’s control over the nobility.’ Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. It can be argued to a certain extent that the consolidation of royal authority for Henry VII, in the years 1487-1509, was a result of control over the nobility. The challenge lied in the ability to decrease their power without alienating them whilst removing their position of threat. However, there were other contributory factors in Henry’s consolidation of his royal authority, such as his diplomatic skills in dealing with foreign powers and the indispensable use of royal finances. Following the Battle of Bosworth of 1485, it was indisputable that Henry needed to establish new means of controlling the size and power of the nobility to levels which posed no threat to the throne.
In Shakespeare’s, Julius Caesar, he portrays the conflict man vs self by informing people that it is human nature to make decisions based on other people’s points of view. He does this by using rhetoric, logos, and pathos to make one character or group persuaded by a single person or multiple people. Persuasion is used throughout the novel to entice a character to agree with another character. For example, Brutus does not want to kill Caesar, even though he does not want him to become king, but his other friends attempt to persuade him into believing that murdering one of his closest comrades is a good idea. Brutus tries to convince the conspirators why killing Caesar is wrong as well.
The First Triumvirate eventually fell due to Caesar’s extensive governorship in Gaul and Pompey’s eagerness to join the Optimate Faction. However, at that point in time, Caesar was far too successful for the alliance’s failure to affect his ever-thriving political strength. Seeing that he had victoriously completed his conquest of Gaul, “Caesar set up an efficient provincial administration to govern the vast territories,” and went on his way to lead Rome autocratically (McManus, 1). Though he tried to obtain this positon legally, he eventually resorted to military force,
As a result of the agrarian laws, the two brothers were able to take control of the Empire, causing the Senate to fear their intentions and their potential. The Gracchi Brothers used their power and authority to take advantage of the vulnerable Roman government. They often let their selfish nature take control of the power they had, impacting Rome negatively. Gaius made it his goal to get back at the Senate for the death of his brother by replacing them with the Equites. The Gracchi brothers are the first tribunes to take advantage of their power.
Caesar was officially made dictator in 47 B.C. this position was usually temporary but he was later on made dictator for life in 44 B.C. Rome had its senate but the real power was with Caesar . Caesar did not want to become the king but the fear of the republicans led the senate to conspire against Caesar and a group of senators ended up killing him believing that the old republican system would return. In conclusion Julius Caesar’s military power affected Rome either positively or negatively from 60 B.C.
He was also involved in containing the raids of the Dacians, who threatened the Roman providence of Mesia. He signed a peace treaty in 89 A.D. with Decebalus the Dacian king. (Heilbrunn Timeline Art History) He began pursuing a constant policy in which only he and those that he chose to be in his inner circle had power. He wanted be called and spoken of as lord and god. He began promoting the cult of Jupiter and Minerva, trying to place them above all the other deities of the traditional Roman mythology.
“What other bond, than secret Romans that spoke the word, and will not palter?” I believe that Brutus and the Conspiracy should go to the capital and kill Caesar, and they should do what they had planned to do. Why should they? For the Romans to have a good place to live, pride, and confidence for their country. Caesar should not be crowned king, Caesar should not become the leader of the Roman people. The leader should be someone who cares about the people, someone who is honorable and understands that these people are important and need a good leader.
Throughout the story, Brutus was one of the few characters that understood the way power could change a man. He feared that Caesar would become a tyrant with all his new power and that Rome would suffer from his rule. He states this multiple times in the story. During Caesar’s funeral, Brutus states “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more,” (JC 3.2.23). It is clear to see here that Brutus was justified in killing Caesar because his intentions are good.
Apparently, the reason behind him killing Caesar was to protect people of Rome to prevent them from being enslaved by his ambitious character. As mentioned in the passage it states,”Would you rather that Caesar be alive and you be slaves?’ Brutus discuss this question to give facts to everyone for why he executed Caesar using a form of logos and rhetorical question.Also in the text, he applies pathos as he reads, “Not that I loved Caesar less but I loved Rome more.” When Brutus announces this he tries to make a valid point to the audience to make them be aware of how much loyalty he has for Rome over his friendship. This evidence suggests that Brutus convinces people on his side by being noble and honorable for everyone but when it comes to the life of his friend Caesar he is
Marc Antony, tells the crowd that Caesar was not ambitious even though Brutus and the conspirators thought he was. The Romans started to wonder if Brutus was actually the one who was in control because he received more power once Caesar was dead. To compare today’s ambitious politicians to the ambitious political leaders in Julius Caesar, it is noted that both groups of people wanted more power and more authority. Brutus was already of high power in the city of Rome, but was manipulated by Cassius who wanted even more power, showing that Cassius was the ambitious one behind the murder of Caesar. An opposing argument could be that leaders are not ambitious for power, rather they are just determined to help better their country.
The question of why Agrippa was even adopted by Augustus is raised by Pettinger, as it is obvious who was going to be succeeding Augustus as princeps. This question holds the meat of the analysis of the Roman court in regards to the adoption of Agrippa, which is described as an attempt by Augustus to keep a potential political rival far out of reach from those who could influence him.
I believe the plebeians were important to Rome for a few reason. The plebeians were instrumental in the war and in the army’s numbers to defend Rome for being taken by its enemies or the nearby Latium towns. Also I would think that them being the working class, that their taxes were important to the city. Plebeians could be observed as the working class or commoners who lived outside of the walls of the city (Morey, 1901).Their only rights after the abolishment of the kingship was the right to vote and the right to property/contract. They did not have the right to intermarriage or to hold office in the republican government.
In the first paragraph of the Federalist Paper 10, Madison explains what he is trying to do with the constitution. His main concerns were to establish a government that was capable of controlling violence and damage caused by factions. He believes that as long as men have different opinions, different amounts of property and wealth, then there will always be factions. When Madison says faction, he means a group of people that have some strong common passion or interest. He believe that the most common and durable source of a faction is the unequal distribution of property.
Preserving Liberty and Combating Tyranny “Liberty is to faction, what air is to fire, an aliment, without which it instantly expires,” once stated by James Madison in federalist paper 10. In this paper, Madison explains how factions are bad for a democracy because they take away the rights of minorities. However, expresses several solutions to form a “large republic.” Madison also writes Federalist paper 51 that explains the structure of separations of powers and checks and balances. He does this to prove that liberty is possible and that each branch should be able to rely on one another to execute the function of the government. However, do these Federalist papers protect liberty and combat tyranny?
As the Republic ended, the plebeians rioted hoping to gain more representation in government. However, the opposite happened and the patricians were able to maintain their control through maintenance of the social gap. At the beginning of the Empire, with government structure shifting so that the Senate is the highest power and new reforms being made, such as hierarchical seating in the theater, the large gap between the classes remained unchanged. This era of peace in Rome was called Pax Romana and it helped to further divide the social classes although