Yimou exemplifies social control while Fugard demonstrates political law, but both emphasize power and the movement of this power within a community. Thus, the formation of rules is the cultivation of power; however, this power is transferred to its subordinates differently depending on the type of rule.
Though communism and capitalism are pretty much the descendants of feudalism, communism shares more similarities with feudalism. Through feudalism, there is the relationship between the lord and the vassal, where the lord is ruler over all and is considered the ultimate authority. Karl Marx sees that feudalism starts with communism and as economic system develop; it will turn to capitalism. When compared with communism, the lord would be the temporary government mentioned before and the vassal would be the people living under the control of that country. After feudalism, comes capitalism, where the workers and peasants of feudalism become increasingly independent from the lord as they see people live better and richer lives through trade.
By focusing on the minister as a mechanism of power, it is evident that the minister serves not only exert power over the individuals but also lend the individuals of interest power. This would not have been seen without Foucault’s careful reading. This view, in turn, provides a new insight into Foucault’s theory—a power system is not successful without the will of its subjects to behave. In “Panopticism”, Foucault expresses his view that power lies within the operating system, thus, resulting in an efficient system. He analyzes this by utilizing the Panopticon structure as the leading model for his argument.
Dijk (2006) in the article “Discourse and Manipulation” stated that manipulation is one of the vital ideas of Critical Discourse Analysis that requires encourage hypothetical analysis. Manipulation includes power, as well as particularly abuse of power, that is, dominance. All the more particularly, manipulation infers the activity of a type of illegitimate impact by methods for discourse, manipulators make others accept or do things that are in light of a legitimate concern for the manipulator, and against the best advantages of the manipulated. According to the researcher, an investigation of this power dimension includes a record of the sort of control that some social performing artists or gatherings practice over others. The researcher
Sociolinguists assert that the question of power is central to language as it is in language that power relations are negotiated and challenged by members of speech communities, and such language is commonly ideological. According to Fairclough (1995), power can be classified in different forms; we can have “State power, social power, ideological power, and economic power” (p. 33). Traditional social power is the one used to maintain the status quo that advantages and/or disadvantages members of a certain community. Fairclough (1995) asserts that social power results from hegemony in a society which renders ideas and issues like gender inequalities as a natural status quo and to which individuals adhere without reasoning or contention. Using
I. Power Defined When one speaks of power people immediately think of a political structure or a government, a dominant social class, the master and the slave. People do look at power as a general system of domination exerted by a certain class or group over another, a system whose effects through successive derivations, pervade the entire social body. Another conception of power, according to Sergui Bălan, in his article on M. Foucault’s view on Power Relations, describes the common notion of power: “[u]sually, power is understood as the capacity of an agent to impose his will over the will of the powerless, or the ability to force them to do things they do not wish to do. In this sense, power is understood as possession, as something owned by those in power.” But in Foucault 's opinion, power is not something that can
Throughout the novel one can find the wide web of power-discourse encompassing almost all the spheres of ordinary lives. In fact, power plays a major role in our society by means of prominent and dominant networks. That is why Foucault sees power as more of a means of exertion, rather than of possession. The strategy or mode of execution of power is not one-dimensional; resulting in the fact that there are always a set of power-relations dispersed and disseminated throughout the society: “I am not referring to Power with a capital P, dominating and imposing its rationality upon the totality of the social body. In fact, there are power relations.
Work motivation is not property of either the individual or the environment, but rather the psychological mechanisms and process that connect them. Ruth Kanfer, Gilad Chen, and Robert Pritchard, (2008) more precisely defined work motivation as the set of processes that determine a person’s intention to allocate personal resources across a range of possible action. This definition emphasizes the distributional aspect of motivation, and accounts for the critical process by which an individual exerts control over his behaviour. As Pritchard and Ashwood (2007) note, motivational control over behaviour is achieved largely through allocation of resources across actions. This is significant because often motivation is not actually measured; instead performance is used as a proxy measure of motivation.
Power has many various interpretations in accordance to different people. Many philosophers have varying views of power and power is part of our everyday lives. The way in which one understands how power is used in a particular way varies. Power is ‘the ability or capacity to do something or act in a particular way’ or ‘the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behaviour of others or the course of events’. (Taylor) These definitions are valid but looking at it from a philosophy and sociological view, there are many different perceptions of power.
Connell locates patriarchy as the foundation of power. Power is functioned through social relations such as authority, violence and ideology in institutions, the state, the military and domestic life (Giddens, 2006). So, patriarchal structure provides the basis of dominant and dominated power relations between men and women in a