Prehistory designates the time period starting with the appearance of the first human being and ending with the invention of writing. Because no written documents exist that we could use to study their ways of life, we use material remains like paintings, sculptures, artifacts and fossils to learn about them. While history is the chronological record of significant events. It started with the invention of writing up until today. History becomes the inquiry of knowledge because of the fact that are written in books, theses, or even in journals.
Paper 1 The archaeological record, in its simplest form, is the traces of the human past. It is the physical evidence of history that allows archaeologists to document and interpret human culture. There are many aspects that are involved with the archaeological record that are important when analyzing the field. Of the most important include: artifacts, structures, ecofacts, features, archaeological sites, preservation, excavation, chronology, and context. Every aspect of the archaeological record is involved in the other and all are crucial to the archaeologist in their process; utilizing material culture to learn and share knowledge over human history.
History was almost never a crucial part of standard education, and yes it never claimed to give an interpretation of human life as being a whole. This larger ambition was appropriate to religion, philosophy, as well as poetry along with imaginative literature. History Of historiography All human cultures tell stories in regards to the past. Deeds of ancestors, heroes, gods, or animals sacred to particular peoples were chanted and memorized prior to there was any writing that to record them. Their truth was authenticated by ab muscles fact of their continued repetition.
According to the basic and dictionary meaning of prehistory, prehistory defined is the period of human history before recorded events so simply it is the period of time before writing was used to record events such as in the era of the bronze, iron, stone, and even the ice age. History has many definitions. Be it a tale or story , an account of a patient 's medical background , a formal written account of related natural phenomena , or even a chronological record of significant events including explanations of their causes . The word came from the Greek word ἱστορί or historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation". The invention of writing was the significant start of history.
This is done with the help of material culture. Material culture is used by historians to describe, categorize, and compare characteristics of artifacts. They also determine how they were made, distributed, when and where they appeared, how they were used and they even relate objects to one another. This helps grasp the concept of culture. Objects show relationships and mediate progress through the social world and can show the rules, belief patterns, cultural constrains, moral standards, and quality of life of those who made or used these objects.
According to the pilot study, these statues were built by Lapanuyi to memorize tribe chiefs, flamen in 12th century. In contrast with natural scientists, humanists use the idiographic approach to “specify one event, on person and understand the meaning of unique, continent, and often subjective outcomes”(McAllister). If one historical event is considered as a case, this case is the study of a single event in-depth and detailed study. Even if there
However, writing helped this issue by allowing information to travel from place to place. A very important benefit writing has provided us with is knowledge. Most of the lessons history has taught us comes from the writings of the historians and people living through the time periods: “That we know so much about the Europeans responded powerfully to that devastation in writing” (12). This main point can be supported by the “First Encounters: Early European Accounts of Native America” section of The Norton Anthology. This section includes conflict in history that needed to be put “into a proper historical context”, supporting the idea of writing being used as a historical benefit
History is intangible therefore making historical knowledge composed of words that represent historical concepts. History can be defined as a chronological record of events. Thus, the role of language in history is a significant factor. A historian’s task is to put together various written documents to form a comprehensive image of the past. However, since historical events are connected in causes, effects, and influences, different historians communicate their knowledge to establish evidence of the causes, effects, and influences of an event.
The History of Archaeology Introduction Curiosity is instilled in the human species, thus providing an ideal niche for the eventual creation of Archaeology as an independent discipline (Renfrew & Bahn 2000). Archaeology is defined by its application of scientific techniques and methodologies that allow for the investigation of the past by analysing material culture (Renfrew & Bahn 2000; Gamble 2001). Additionally, Archaeology is continually shaped by social, political and economic factors, that influence changes in the role, responsibilities and perspectives of past, present and future archaeologists (Berggren & Hodder 2003). The changing role, responsibilities and perspectives of archaeologists are explained with reference to specific archaeological
The arts from the prehistory are vital to nowadays to study the history. The paintings, sculptures, and architectures all tell the stories of the past life, represent the cultures of the periods and illustrate the environment of the survival. Some communications conveyed from the arts of the ancient age are fascinating: hunting, fertility, defense, and the death. Hunting was a very important element of survival because the animals were the main source of gathering food and materials. Nevertheless, in different periods and locations, hunting meant differently.