Pre-Revolution Women's Roles

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Jacqueline Fortune Fortune 1 History- 2B-93810 11.24.2016 By the end of the 20th century, women’s roles across the globe had changed in profound ways. Using the documents, a) evaluate the major changes in the way that women viewed themselves and/or were viewed by men, and b)how those changes were linked to other processes of change in the world.Your essay needs to include a discussion of women on at least three different continents. Feel free to look ahead to the documents in chapter 23(all focused on women’s status in the world in the 20th century), but please make sure to also include evidence from at least TWO documents from previous chapters (13-‐‐22). When examining the history of feminism, it is important to…show more content…
The dramatic change of the roles of women in Russia is dated to the pre-revolution Russia when the country was still lacking technological advances brought by an industrialization. Women during this period, were a strict symbol of motherhood and family until Russia’s political change after WWI in which the new government promptly issued laws and degrees for women equality. This drastic social and political change created a movement of female empowerment in which women separated themselves from the confinement of their homes and determinate domestic roles. In 1919, an all female organization called Zhenotdel pushed for a feminist movement by training women in career fields, furthering women’s independence. As depicted in “Communism and the Family”, Alexandra Kollontai, a pronounced leader of the Russian feminist movement, discusses the change of women’s perception of themselves as they become equal in status to men: “In place of the old relationship between men and women, a new one is developing: ...a union of two equal members of communist society, both of them free, both of them independent…(pg.1175). This change engineered the falling of the traditional family structure and subsequently, enabled women to engage in career fields and allowed women the right to seek divorce before the state. This depicts the change of perspective women felt towards themselves as they felt capable enough to pursue their independence. Alexandra Kollontai discusses the changes in relationship between men and women in which marriage losses all “elements of material calculation” and women no longer having “domestic bondage” and dependency on their husbands. However, the law did not change the role of woman to perform domestic chores due to men still believing that those roles still pertained solely to women; this reflects on the gender roles that
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