Hannah Beauregard Every year about 500,000 babies are born premature, that 's 1 of every 8 infants born in the U.S. When a baby is premature that means the baby was born before 37 weeks of pregnancy when a full term of pregnancy is 40 weeks. (Premature babies, medline plus) Because of infants being born so early and not fully developed they have a much higher chance of have some health related issues. A few examples are Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Chronic Lung Disease, and Retinopathy of Prematurity, Patent ductus arteriosus, in some cases a baby that is born premature may not survive. Premature babies are usually placed in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Tay-Sachs is most common in infants and children. It is also typically found in people with certain ancestry such as people of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage and people of Cajun heritage. Some people may have the genetic mutation but not get the disease. Common symptoms of Tay-Sachs include muscle weakness, stiff muscles, loss of muscle coordination, muscle contractions, fainting, speech problems, and mental illness. Blindness, difficulty swallowing, hearing loss, seizures, vision loss, and impaired voice are other symptoms that are common.
The most common symptoms include, a sudden feeling of weakness on one side of the body in the face, arm, or leg, sudden confusion, being unable to see out of both, or one eye, loss of balance, difficulty walking, loss of coordination, dizziness, and severe headache (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 134). The symptoms that occur vary, and are different with each etiology. For example, cerebral thrombosis can often cause the victim to stutter (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). While these relate to signs and symptoms of major strokes, there are also transient ischemic attacks and small strokes that make occur. Transient ischemic attacks usually last under 24 hours, and are when blood supply is temporarily blocked from the brain (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 135).
This type of ICH causes bleeding and swelling inside the brain around the area where the head was struck. a diffuse axonal injury (DAI) are fairly common and are usually caused by shaking of the brain back and forth, which can happen in motor vehicle accidents or from falls. Injuries range from mild such as a concussion to very severe as in a DAI. Patients who suffer from a DAI are usually in a coma for a prolonged period of time, with injuries to many different parts of the
This syndrome is caused by damage inflicted to the anterior aspect of the spinal cord or as a result of decreased vascular supply. Brown-Sequard syndrome occurs in the presence of damage to one side of the spinal cord more so than the other, resulting in ipsilateral loss of motor function and sensory loss too. Posterior cord syndrome is very rare and the cause is most commonly found with chronic myelopathy resulting in loss of vibration and proprioception below the level of
ALS may be suspected if there is gradual muscle weakness to muscle loss in 1 or more areas of the body. 75% of ALS victims usually start with the stiffening of the limbs. The other 25% is presented with blubar symptoms. ALS can be managed through knowledge of the disease, adaptive or supportive treatments, or mechanism-specific treatment. There are many things that can go wrong when the disease process starts attacking the respiratory parts of a person’s body, such as making it difficult to swallow or even breathe.
Ataxia Telangiectasia Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T) is an inherited disorder that affects the nervous system, immune system, and other systems of the body. The disorder usually progresses before the age of 5 and it makes it difficult for coordination and causes delayed development of motor skills like walking, problems with balancing, and using your hands to grab items etc. A person may even have slurred speech, sway when they walk and wobble. These problems can affect a person as they get older and the effects can become worse as the person ages. Effects vary with each patient some may have severe immunodeficiency in which they cannot produce antibodies to fight off disease.
However, the baby may still suffer the effects of the defect such as feeding and digestion problems, as well as the absorption of nutrients their body needs. Babies with gastroschisis commonly have feeding challenges the first few weeks of life. Infants born with gastroschisis can normal go on to live normal lives. The mortality rate is 17% (Medline). I chose this birth defect because of two of my friend experienced it.
Now you may ask what is a CMT? A CMT is also called hereditary sensory and motor neuropathy. This is a disease that runs in families, and causes some problems with the sensory and motor nerves, the nerves that run from the arms, legs, spinal cord, and brain. This happens when parts of the nerves become damaged. Messages run along the nerves that make the nerves move slower, or have weak signals.
There may not be many deaths from this disease, but there are some. Those that do die from this, are most commonly infants. To understand Pertussis, one needs to know, signs and symptoms, who it affects, along with, precursors and treatment. In most cases symptoms of pertussis develop in 5 to 10 days. As well as some cases, symptoms do not develop for up to three weeks.
Symptoms of autonomic failure that are mostly commonly seen in the early stages of Multiple System Atrophy include, fainting spells, heart rate issues, erectile dysfunction, motor impairments, muscle tremor or loss of muscle coordination, difficulties with speech and walking, as well as bladder control. Most early symptoms of MSA are very common to those of Parkinson 's disease. Clients with MSA usually suffer from orthostatic hypotension as well. Orthostatic hypotension is when a client makes a sudden movement, such as going from sitting to standing, their blood pressure remains uncontrollable and drops suddenly, causing light headedness, or fainting (Multiple System Atrophy Fact Sheet, 2014, par.
Infants who suffer from this condition often display a number of signs, including having weakness, loss of feeling or lacking reflexes in their affected arms. In some cases, infants with Erb’s Palsy can move their fingers, but not their upper arm or shoulder on the affected side. Often, their impacted arm is bent inward towards their bodies. What causes Erb’s Palsy? Often, Erb’s Palsy is caused by difficulties during birth, including prolonged labor and breech presentations.
Stroke may be somewhat unlikely to happen in children but when it does happen it has a significant impact because it can cause morbidity and mortality. Children’s strokes can present differently than adult. Also according to the “Pediatric Stroke: A Review”, “The reported incidence rate of both ischemic and hemorrhagic pediatric stroke ranges from 1.2 to 13 cases per 100,000 children under 18 years of age”(Tsze & Valente 1). Nevertheless, Pediatric CVA is more familiar than we can imagine, because of the misdiagnoses. In one report, it is said that 19 out of 45 children with a stroke did not obtain the accurate diagnosis until 15 hours to 3 months after initial presentation.