Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of clinical depression which can affect woman after childbirth. PPD is very common among women and is a major public health problem. It is estimated that overall 10 to 15% women experience PND while it ranges from 3.5 to 63.3% in Asian countries. But it is one of the most underdiagnosed condition due to lack of adequate number of studies on the subject. Hence the current study was conducted with an objective of assessing the prevalence of postnatal depression among subjects with normal and caesarian deliveries and to compare the sociodemographic profile between normal and caesarian deliveries.
Every year, that is one woman dying every 90 seconds and millions more are left with life-changing disabilities. In a few nations, one in seven ladies dies on in pregnancy or labor. These women are not dying of the fact that the community
“3 in 10 teen American girls will get pregnant at least once before age 20. That’s nearly 750,000 teen pregnancies every year” (11 Facts About Teen Pregnancy). The rate for teen pregnancy is drastically climbing to a very high rate. These pregnancies are caused by drugs and alcohol, low socioeconomic status, and peer pressure. The effects of these pregnancies can cause high levels of stress for the mother, a poor environment for the child, and cause the teens who were impregnated to dropout of school and become financially stressed.
The neonatal period is the most vulnerable period of human life. A neonate is 500 times more likely to die on the first day of life compared to a child who one month age (30). Similarly, neonatal disease pattern is a sensitive indicator of availability, use, and effectiveness of mother and child health services in the community (31). This indicates that neonatal death is one of the health problems in developing countries and newborn survival has no improvement (32).
Infertility, or the inability to conceive, is a problem of global proportions, affecting between 8 and 12 percent of couples worldwide (Etuk, 2009), In developing countries, one in four ever married women of reproductive age are infertile due to primary or secondary infertility (WHO/DHS, 2004). As a natural occurrence, infertility possesses
Postpartum depression (PPD), interferes with daily living and can take a substantial toll on the physical and mental health of mother and child. An estimated 10-15% of young mothers reported feeling depressed within a year of giving birth and these women were likely less than high school educated, non-Hispanic black, unmarried, and covered by Medicaid for the delivery (Collins, Lin, and Garikapaty, 2011). Low-income women enrolled in state Medicaid programs may be at increased risk for developing postpartum depression, which can occur up to a year after giving birth ( Kozhimannil, Adams, Soumerai, Busch, & Huskamp, 2011). Wisner, Sit, McShea, Rizzo, Zoretich,… Hanusa (2013) suggests that many low income expectant mothers in the United States
Children at risk of dying every year due to zinc deficiency are about 450,000. Mild-to-moderate zinc deficiency may be relatively common worldwide, but the public health importance of this degree of zinc deficiency is not well defined. Zinc deficiency leaves the body incapable of fighting pneumonia and diarrhea. Child hood diarrhea especially is a key public health issue in many developing countries. Diarrhea claims the lives of approximately1.5 million children under the age of five every year– nearly one in five child deaths.
Issues of Teen Pregnancy in the United StatesDo you think the teen pregnancy rate in the United States will ever go down? Do you know the many risk factors that come into play with teen pregnancy? Do you think girls should be required to be on birth control until a certain age? The United States has the highest teen pregnancy rate in the western world with approximately one million teenage girls becoming pregnant each year. There are many different factors that come into play with girls getting pregnant as a teen.
Teenage Pregnancy in the United States Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is traditionally defined as occurring between 13 and 19 years of age. The majority of teenage births in the United States occur among girls between 15 and 19 years of age. According to Gelfond, Dierschke, Lowe, & Plastino (2016), "Almost 4 in 5 pregnancies (77%) among adolescents aged 15 to 19 are unintended, and the adverse behaviors and outcomes associated with unintended pregnancy are both immediate and long term, including adverse birth outcomes, poor health during childhood, and poor mother-child relationships" (p. 597). This paper will focus on unintended pregnancies among adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 who are not married. The national teenage
Alena had experienced an abortion few years ago when her baby was only nine weeks old. She became really sick and not confident, felt embarrassed and dishonest, and could not sleep well because of anxiety and fear. Now, her life is terrible and full of regrets that she hardly becomes pregnant again (P.A.T.H.S.). According to World Health Organization, there are almost 125,000 abortions per day all around the world. Those aborted babies did no get chances to grow up, to see the world or to experience all the good things and bad things.
The health disadvantage of indigenous people begins in infancy and continues throughout their life. The problem appears to become evident right from birth with aboriginal woman twice as likely as non-indigenous woman to have a stillborn baby and twice as likely to give birth to an underweight baby (ed. Healey 2000, p.4). During the period between 1991 and 1996, life expectancy for indigenous people was around 20 years than that of their non-indigenous counterparts. The lives of indigenous people are affected by many other health factors, one of most concern is alcohol related problems that impact on their well-being, family structure, and even aboriginal traditional life because they tend to drink more haphazardly.