She appropriately described how in Motherhood, a woman 's identity can be devalued. A relevant example of this point is the derogatory icons of Black Women - Jezebel, Mammy, Aunt Jemima, Matriarch, and Welfare Queens (Roberts, 8). Each of these icons is rooted in the deep mythology that applies racial politics to black women by corrupting the reproduction process at
A time in American History, in which makes me disgusted to know the land we stand on uprose with slavery. These women with beautiful, pure souls were wiped off their self identity and value. They were unknowledgeable of such richness they contained, due to acts of unkind treatment. This treatment passed down caused psychological issues, such as poor self esteem to these women. The actions of being treated as nothing gave them the idea, they were merely dirt on the ground that people walked on.
However, despite being an ardent abolitionist during the Civil War who fought for the emancipation of all slaves , her liberal feminist theory was tainted by a marked strain of racism and elitism that became more conspicuous as she started pressing for women’s suffrage . This marked strain of racism within Stanton’s rhetoric for women’s suffrage can be exemplified by quotation from a letter of hers to the editor of the National Slavery Standard. In this letter, Stanton claimed that “the representative women of the nation” had done their best to free “the negro”, but “as the celestial gate to civil rights is slowly moving on its hinges, it becomes a serious question whether [the representative women of the nation] had better stand aside and see ‘Sambo’ walk into the kingdom first .” Sambo was used as a derogatory term for African American
Anna Arnold Hedgeman’s legacy has served as a platform for many African-American women battling the obstacles of sexism, racism, and diverse forms of oppression. She resisted the social calamities common to Blacks nearing the end of the formal period of Reconstruction and endured the torments of Jim Crow. Hedgeman’s resistance to the social and racial persecution manifested in her protesting against the system that worked against the people of color. She used her education along with her influence to end the maltreatment of Blacks. According to the American National Biography Online, Hedgeman became the executive secretary of the National Council for a Permanent Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC).
In The Eyes are Watching God, the author Zora Neale Hurston expresses the struggles of women and black societies of the time period. When Hurston published the book, communities were segregated and black communities were full of stereotypes from the outside world. Janie, who represents the main protagonist and hero, explores these communities on her journey in the novel. Janie shows the ideals of feminism, love, and heroism in her rough life in The Eyes. Janie, as the hero of the novel, shows the heroic qualities of determination, empathy, and bravery.
She is a tragic character, who is unable to exist in the world which surrounds her so she makes up a better world in her imagination. The world she wishes to live in. People can sympathize with Blanche because of all the tragedy in her life. Susan Henthorne writes in her essay A Streetcar Named Desire, Death and desire bring Blanche to this low point in her life. She never recovers from the devastating death of her young husband, indirectly caused by the nature of his sexual desire.
One similarity that is apparent is that they can be regarded as symbols of the great mother because both of them lead their roles as a protective and possessive mother. However, Sethe in Beloved can also be seen as symbolic of the African mother who is fundamental in depiction of motherhood in Morrison’s novels. With the power to create and destroy life both Sethe and Eva make the cruel decision to end their children’s lives. Morrison depicts these acts in a brutal manner in order to convey the seriousness of the situation and to convey the frustration that arises as a result of racism and the heritage of slavery. Morrison reveals the side of motherhood most authors would be reluctant to portray.
Both women and children are granted no voice, no bodily integrity. If they are lucky like Claudia and Frieda Macteer, they will learn resistance strategies from their parents. But, if they are unlucky like Pecola Breedlove, they will learn various kinds of disempowered response. The novel also shows not only the suffrage of racial oppression, but also the tyranny and violation brought upon them by the men in their lives. The theme of male oppression over the women in the novel reaches its brutal climax during Pecola's father rape for her.
However, the author, as a black woman, was excluded from this system. Therefore, she showed how she was longing to create a real home for herself and her children. However, the author, by explaining the example of the black woman who had a real home, also asserted that though having a home and a stable family life is valuable, it should be balanced with personal freedom to guarantee a woman’s individuality. The psychological abuses of slavery: The author also mentioned about the physical brutality and how slaves were forced to endure deprivation. However, she mostly focused on explaining the mental problems of slaves caused by physical abuses.
Toni Morrison is the most important contemporary women novelists and critics in African-American Literature.The descriptive-analytical method of study by analyzing the situations, the characters and themes, the status of women in Literature are revealed and represented. Morrison very well describes how different women characters react and respond differently to the injustice and the inhumanity imposed on them in African-American society. African American writers are concerned with the lack of literature fostering strong female models. These women are bonded by their journey to overcome the internalization of controlling patriarchal perceptions and images of women, like the repressive stereotypes that permeate literature. Toni Morrison use of binary oppositional characters, mirrors, inversions, and metafiction, to deconstruct the stereotypical roles of both men and women, underscoring the role that literature plays in creating self-identity problems when women try to imitate fictional characters.
Linda Brent sought to escape Dr. Flint’s increasing threat and inevitable sexual abuse by having an extra-marital affair with his neighbour Mr. Sands. In comparison to Dr. Flint, Mr. Sands seemed to genuinely care for Linda, even helping and protecting her from Dr. Flint. Linda believed that being sexually involved with another man would deter Dr. Flint from pursuing her; however, this only worsened her situation -- Dr. Flint threatened to keep her as her slave forever, and Brent had two children with Mr. Sands. The greatest difference between the speakers of these two narratives is that one is a mother and the other is not; however, mother or not, they both understand the extremely terrible consequences of raising children as an enslaved
In the United States, two groups of people were largely marginalized, black people and women. Glossing over the treachery inflicted during slavery, in the 1800-1900s a set of laws known as the Jim Crow laws, made black lives remarkable difficult. At a similar time, women were being made inferior to men, partly by law and partly by a sociaterial system of sexism. Both groups made so inferior that neither group has fully recovered. The repercussions of institutionalized prejudice are far too great for any group to overcome.
Simmons claims that the contortions and justifications for the oppressive, repressive, and exclusionary treatment of women in majority Islamic societies, and even compares the experience to slavery, saying that much like slavery can no longer be justified, the discrimination of women should not be either. She speaks of the importance women played in the civil rights movement in the United States and how important women are to society and the potential they have once no longer suppressed. Additionally, the author practices Islam and states that because of her experiences, she can not accept that she is seen as a second-class human because she is a female. The introduction to and interpretations of Islam which she had was one of justice, truth, beauty, and grace, and religion which is one of justice and equality, and therefore, the injustice which women have been subjected to cannot be rationalized as the will of a God of justice. The author points to men’s incorrect interpretation of the Qur’an and hadith as the reason for anti-women interpretations, which have, according to the author, created later misogynist
The white women is oppressed but relishes in the freedom of her race. The black woman faces a unique combination of prejudice for both her gender and the color of her skin. When society tries to separate humanity into categories, including “ladies” and “colored people,” it is made unclear where we belong, according to Cooper. The women’s movement that is sweeping the nation is meant to teach courteousness and compassion, yet the white woman still looks down upon the black woman as her inferior. Likewise, while she acknowledges that some members of the black community have received honors, the race will not rise from oppression until the whole race does so, particularly black women.