The articular surface is enlarged by a fibrocartilaginous articular labrum. The lunate surface is crescentic and medially is has the acetabular notch through which the intrascapular ligament of the femoral head emerge and joins the femoral head to the acetabular fossa.
rectus abdominis) is a thin strap-like muscle, enclosed between two sheets of the aponeurosis of the internal oblique, and separated from its fellow of the opposite side by the linea alba. The muscle originates from the lateral border of the sternum, including the xiphoid process; also the ventral surfaces of the 1st to 7th costal cartilages. Its insertion lies at the anterior end of the pubic symphysis (Bensley and Craigie, 1948). The deepest muscle of the abdominal wall is the transverse abdominal muscle (m. transversus abdominis) which originates from 7 posterior ribs, the middle layer of the lumbar fascia, and the inguinal ligament.
Polyclonal B-cell hyperreactivity with abnormalities of autoregulation have been reported, the histopathologic substrate of Sjogren’s syndrome is characterized by presence of lymphocytic infiltrates in glandular and extraglandular sites. Microscopic examinations of enlarged parotid or submandibular glands reveal benign lymphoepithelial lesion, characterized by epimyoepithelial islands in a lymphocytic infiltrate with replacement of acini. In the minor salivary glands the characteristic feature is focal lymphocytic
In 1949 Testut and Latarget further modify the descripton by concluding that the Sacroiliac joint contain a freely mobile ventral aspect and an ossified dorsal aspect. They dubbed the Sacroiliac joint as ‘diaarthro-amphiarthrosis’ that is a joint that has characteristics of both a freely mobile joint and an ossified
Journal of Communicable Diseases, 34(1), pp.1–14. 50. Sutanto, I., Boreham, P.F., Munawar, M., Purnomo, & Partono, F., 1985. Adverse reactions to a single dose of diethylcarbamazine in patients with Brugia malayi infection in Riau Province, West Indonesia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 16(3), pp.395–400.
The smaller and more posterior middle, superior, and supreme (if present) turbinates are outcroppings of the ethmoid bone. The supreme turbinate may be found in up to 65% of patients. The inferior turbinate is visualized by directing a nasal speculum parallel to the fl oor of the nasal cavity. The
Lumbar lordosis (30-500) and 4. Sacral kyphosis (not more than 400). ANATOMICAL PLANES: Coronal or frontal plane: It is a vertical imaginary line which divides the vertebral bodies into the front and back sections. The coronal plane of the spine delineates the scoliosis of spine.
Hind brain (Rhombincephalan) the hind brain contain the brain stem and the medulla oblongata (Myelencephalon) form by the anterior thickening of basal plate and posterior alar plate separated by sulcus in the fourth ventricle. The hind brain continues to form the spinal cord. As like cerebrum, cerebellum has fissured mass in the posterior cranial fossa attached with brain stem by three pairs of peduncles. From the base of the brain stem the 12 pairs of cranial nerves are arising. The motor nuclei of the IX, X, XI and XII cranial nerves line in the fourth ventricle is formed by the basal plate neurons.
Nomenclature of intervertebral disc is such that it takes the name of the vertebra cephalad to it. The disc between L4 and 5 will be called L4 disc. Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is present at the level of the intervertebral foramina and it is in the confines of the foramina. Three branches arise distal to the DRG- Ventral ramus, Dorsal ramus and sinuvertebral nerve. The ventral ramus is the most prominent and most important branch and it supplies the structures ventral to the neural canal.
Sunanda Gupta, Dr. Rajesh Sharma and Dr. Dimpel Jain discusses the assessment of difficult airways in patients. The paper begins by listing criteria that should be considered in any airway assessment or examination. The first classification discussed was the Mallampati test. The Mallampati test is a system of classification that correlates the tongue size to pharyngeal size.
On the lateral meniscus, cleavage tears of the anterior and posterior horns and myxoid change of the body are noted. Semimembranosus tendinosis is seen. There is Pes anserine “bursis. ”Grade 1 chondromalacia patella is demonstrated, primarily at the medial facet. There are medial femorofibial osteoarthritis and enthesophyte, superior aspect of the patella.
MRI of the cervical spine obatiened on 12/01/08 showed degenerative changes most prominent at C5-6 and C6-7 where broad-based disc protrusion combine with disc bulging and uncovertebral hypertrophy to cause moderate bilateral neural foraminal narrowing, greater on the right at C5-6 level and greater on the left at C6-7 level, as well as mild narrowing of the central canal.
What are the symptoms and signs of cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis causes protean manifestations, but the most common include lung and gastrointestinal symptoms. Respiratory symptoms often involve recurrent cough that eventually becomes persistent and productive of mucus. Patients also typically have wheezing and may complain of shortness of breath.