Prenatal Nursing Case Study

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Introduction

Prematurity is associated with increased risk of lifelong morbidity such as pulmonary, cardiac, and renal problems as well as increased risk of mortality (Abitbol & Rodriguez, 2012). The birth of a premature infant and hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) disrupts the expected development of interactive skills for both the parent and the infant. Disruptions include situational and environmental circumstances associated with the birth and the NICU such as the physical and psychological effects of early birth for the family, as well as physical fragility and the immaturity of the infant. Thus, preterm infants are often exposed to many of the risk factors associated with poor long-term outcomes
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Small amounts of stress may be desired, beneficial, and even healthy. Positive stress helps improve athletic performance. It also plays a factor in motivation, adaptation and reaction to the environment. Meanwhile, excessive amounts of stress can increase risk of strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, and mental disorders such as depression (Sapolsky& Robert, 2004) From the physical aspect, stress is a biological agent, a certain amount of which is necessary for the initiation of breast feeding but if its amount is too much for the mother and the baby, it will have opposite results (Dewey, 2001).…show more content…
Establishing a support system for parents of NICU infants seems urgently needed to improve parent-infant bonding (Heidari et al., 2012) Since during the hospitalization of the infants, the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit staff, especially nurses, are in connection with parents more than any other person and on the other hand they are more aware of the baby’s status, they have a significant role in supporting the parents (Glasser et al., 2009).

The level of parental information and understanding varies, so education and presentment of nurses, pattern of information and supportive source are more beneficial than intelligence support (Mianaei et al., 2014). The present study aimed to assess the effect of supportive intervention on the stress levels among the parents of premature infants in NICU.

In developing countries, accurate and complete population data and medical records usually do not exist.Furthermore, estimates of the rate of preterm birth in developing countries are influenced by a range of factors including varying procedures used to determine gestational age(Brandon et

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