It is the later which concerns me as it has negative effects on students’ oral performance. There have been identified three components of foreign language anxiety (Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope, 1986): communication apprehension, test anxiety, and fear of negative evaluation. Communication apprehension refers to learners that do not feel comfortable when they speak in front of others, and also have problems in speaking and listening skill. Regarding test anxiety, it refers to “an apprehension over academic evaluation” (MacIntyre & Gardner, 1989, p. 42). This helps teachers to identify the source of anxiety and by doing so they can use strategies to reduce
The DPM in his haste to defend his poor hold on English forgot that being bilingual if not multilingual is an asset. Sadly, in Malaysia, the importance of mastering English as a second language has lost and long gone, all because the language is seen as a threat to Bahasa Melayu. Thus, concerning this matter, I definitely agree that there is an extremely urgent need for the Malaysian workforce to master English Language and that too, involving both online and offline communication. Besides, there are also some possible causes of this situation as in both pros and cons. Thus, in this article as we go deeper, I will explain the importance of English Language to our Malaysian workforce in
The problem of English Language proficiency is the lack of confidence in students that need to be overcome with a solution. One of the biggest problems of English Language proficiency is that students have the low confidence in themselves. Students do not have confidence mainly because they are afraid of conversing in English. The most common mistake that students encounter is that they have a poor grammar that leads them to be unable to communicate with people well especially with the English speakers. A study had reported in the book with the title “Exploring Errors in Grammar”, one of the common mistakes made by students was the singular and plural distinction.
Communication Apprehension (CA) Communication apprehension is a type of embarrassment characterized by fear of and anxiety about communicating with other people. The personal knowledge that one has problems in understanding others and making others understood what he/she is saying (Horwitz, Horwitz & cope, 1986:127). It has a great impact on students’ communication competence. The students who have difficulties in speaking in front of teachers or their classmates cannot learn the foreign language well and develop their communication skills, and this is due to their limited knowledge of the target language (TL). Horwitz, et al states that speaking in foreign language means knowing the language, and that the interactions in the classroom are the major factor of the development of the foreign language.
They are mother tongue interference, over-generalization and errors caused by the teaching method or the teaching material. Meanwhile according to Norrish (1983) the causes of errors are carelessness, translation, and first language interferences. Another proponents, Lin (2012), mentions that there are some major trigger the reason of errors; they are inter-lingual errors, intra-lingual and other
Many recent studies have been fixated on the effects of bilingualism on the eloquence of the students in the English language. Consequently, through these varieties of studies conducted, they are able to know that the students’ inferiority in conversing with other people using the English language became more substandard. Moreover, several usual complications faced by the students are apropos of the sentence structures, limitations of vocabularies, and the improper usage of grammar. In schools, some students are undergoing through tough times in conveying their sentiments and notions for they feel mortified about their English competency. Furthermore, they most likely have a lacking conviction in communicating because they are not used to it; this is primarily due to the deprivation of necessary practices.
However, the fact is that the education system of our country seem to be focusing too much on vocabulary and grammar. Therefore, a wide range of vocabulary and knowledge of grammar rules is considered to be the most crucial to study by many learners. As a result, their bad pronunciation leads to negative impression, misunderstanding and ineffective
The traditional instructional methodology of learning English was learning through grammar. Chalk and talk or white board were used to explain rules of word stress and rhythm, projector to put up rules of intonation, and students would take the rules down. Learners would copy down exercises of grammar and work on them at leisure. This methodology could not allow to inculcate communication skills. It has been then realized that in order to cater for the ever increasing need to enhance and sharpen the communication skills and soft skills of learners, theory alone was not enough.
Pronunciation is the way in which the word pronounced. People are doing countless mistakes when they speak English. Sometime this is happen due to impact of mother tongue. Shak, Lee and Stephen (2016) said that pronunciation plays very important role in Obtainability Graduates are mostly unfairly judged when they fail to satisfy others of their ability due to poor pronunciation and not having the language to express about them well. Pronunciation plays a significant part in our personal and social lives because the way we speak reflects our identities, and indicates our association to particular communities (Seidlhofer, 2001).The researchers research to identify the specific sounds that are commonly mispronounced by low oral proficiency Malaysian students.