Presbycusis or “age-related hearing loss (ARHL)” (Huang & Tang, 2010) is a hearing loss that is believed to be caused by combined effects of aging cell degeneration in the auditory system and noise exposure over time. (Niparko, J.K., 2010) Presbycusis may also result due to genetic factors, preexisting disorders of the ear, or presence of ototoxic elements. (Gates & Mills, 2005) Presbycusis is a growing concern for the elderly society, as it greatly effects communication. This deficit may create difficulties in “physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and social function” (Huang & Tang, 2010) aspects of life for the elderly. Upon examining a patient with presbycusis, the most typical results display “bilateral, symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss affecting the higher frequencies, particularly 2,000-8,000 Hz.” (DeBonis, D., & Donohue, C., 2008) Patients with presbycusis often feel that speakers are mumbling in conversation.
L1: Know about the Ageing Process. 1.1: Describe the physical, psychological, social and emotional changes that an individual may experience as a result of ageing. Aging is another stage in the human life. It is synonymous to other life stages like childhood, adolescence and adulthood. The process of aging affects all people differently and is highly dependent on genes (hereditary), attitudes and lifestyle (CPA, 2009).
Introduction Pre-eclampsia, a disease characterized by widespread maternal endothelial dysfunction, hypertension, and proteinuria, is a leading contributor of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the world. This pregnancy-specific disease is complicating about two to eight percent of pregnancies. Therefore, it is important to identify women at risk of developing pre-eclampsia in order to reduce complications and to develop possible treatment modalities. 1,2,3 Preeclampsia has a complex pathophysiology, the main cause including infarcts, atherosis, thrombosis, and chronic inflammation. In recent studies, it is known that angiogenic factors have a significant role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia.
The high prevalence of hypertension worldwide has contributed to the present pandemic of cardiovascular disease. World Health Organization South East Asia Region (2013) found that nearly 1.5 million people die due to hypertension making it a leading risk factor for mortality. Hypertension is a term used to describe high blood pressure. Flow of blood is based on the beat of which the heart pumps blood. The pressure of the heart does not stay at the same level at all times.
200,000 people per year are hospitalized for conditions related to seasonal flu. The high incidence of both hospitalizations and deaths related to the flu are the reason that it’s so important that everyone over 6 months of age have the flu shot. There are five special populations that influenza impacts more than the regular populations. These populations are the elderly (65 or older), pregnant women, those with
Connective/Transition: Alright, with that said, let’s start off with the risk factors. BODY I. Age is likely what comes to a lot of your minds when you think of Alzheimer’s disease, but what else is there? A. Well, according to Mayo Clinic’s page titled Alzheimer’s disease – symptoms and causes last updated December 30, 2017, genetic factors such as your family history, having Down syndrome, or even your gender can create a risk for Alzheimer’s disease.
Pre-eclampsia is one of the most common cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. It affects around 5-8% of all pregnancies. When superimposed with convulsions it is termed as eclampsia. Other high-risk factors are multiple pregnancy, hydramnios, and molar pregnancy. It is estimated that around 1400 women dye from pregnancy-related causes
iii. According to the Mayo Clinic’s article, Frontotemporal Dementia, says that it is normally misdiagnosed as a psychiatric problem and it states that this type of dementia normally occurs at a younger age than Alzheimer’s does and it is commonly between the ages of 40 and 45. B. Symptoms i. Many people who have FTD have changes in their behavior, become impulsive, and lose their ability to speak.
Effect of Terminalia arjuna bark extract on transient focal cerebral ischemia induced neural damage and behaviour deficits in Sprague dawley rats Stroke is a global socio-economic disease and places a huge burden on patients, families and wider society (Warlow et al., 2003). It is the second leading cause for death next to ischemic heart disease & leading cause of disability in the world (WHO 2012, Lozano et al., 2012). Age related risk for stroke becomes higher in India like developed countries with increasing average lifespan of the individual (Donnan et al., 2008). Ischemic stroke represents approximately 85% of strokes which is caused mainly by the occlusion of a blood vessel, due to arterial embolism or thrombosis, in a specific region
INTRODUCTION Anxiety prior to surgery is common, indeed up to 80% of patients will experience it (1, 9). With anxiety disorders affecting approximately 15% of the UK population (2, 3, 9), preoperative situational anxiety may significantly exacerbate an existing anxiety disorder. While anxiety can be expected in the preoperative period, research demonstrates has been shown to have that it has negatives effects in the postoperative period, from increased postoperative pain to decreased wound healing, and long-term psychological distress (4-9). This raises the question of whether doctors are ethically obligated to tell their patients the truth and just how much information should a doctor disclose to their patient? Are there any situations when disclosure is ethically objectionable?
The cultural differences could be an important factor that determines the degree of cognitive decline people experience in old age. Decca and Ellen (1994) believed that memory loss is a function of negative stereotypes regarding memory in old age, and they conducted research that focused on three cultures—American Deaf, mainland China and American Hearing cultures, because they thought American Deaf and mainland China cultures both have positive views of aging, while the American Hearing culture have negative attitude towards aging. They expected to see the result that Deaf American and Chinese people experience less memory loss with aging compared to that of hearing Americans because of the various attitudes of aging they have. Figure 2 and Figure 3 are the results of the memory test of young and old people in three different cultures. It showed that American Deaf and mainland China cultures have a positive attitude towards aging, while American Hearing culture hold a positive attitude about aging, and it also showed that the young people of the three cultures did not perform differently, while the Chinese and American Deaf old people performed better on the memory tests than older people of American Hearing.
Learning to Speak Alzheimer`s Did you know, an estimated 5.5 million Americans of all ages have Alzheimer 's disease? Alzheimer`s disease, is an irreversible diagnosis of the brain that affect`s an individual’s memory. There are multiple signs individuals can show that could suggest that they have early onset Alzheimer`s disease. These signs include, behavioral issues, personality changes, and mood swings. Most commonly the individual can show, depression, hallucination, paranoia, loss of appetite, and restlessness.
Capstone Project: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Evidence Based Practice – NUR 4775L Dr. Susan Poole, DNP, CNE November 22, 2015 Capstone Part I: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Introduction to Problem According to Centre for disease Control (CDC) more than 1.4 million people 65 and older live in nursing homes. If current rates continue, by 2030 this number will rise to about 3 million (CDC, 2014). Nursing home residents are at an increases risk for falls depending on the acuity of their illness and their mental state. Falls can result in, reduced quality of life, functional
Newman et al 2009 found that the chronic demyelination of can have an excitatory effect on the spinal cord and focal lesions found in the spinal cord are common in early onset signs of MS. Other less visible and subjective symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis reported by this group include fatigue, pain, depression, sleep disturbances and reported decreased quality of life. Initial symptoms include blurred or double vision in which the Optic and Oculomotor neurons of the brain are affected. Women are qualitatively diagnosed more often than men and Newman et al. 2009 assessed the pain perception of this group. Pain is highly subjective and an important contributor to the associated decreased quality of life of persons with Multiple Sclerosis limiting their work and social interactions .
 While it seems that scores using a larger number of data inputs are the best scoring systems, simpler scores are better than complex scores. The more the score complexity, the more the barrier to calculation, as it increases the probability that some data inputs may not be available. If a simpler score is available on all patients it would lower cost and complexity for