Dictionaries and thesauruses should be used when deciding on which word to choose. The denotation (dictionary definition of word) and the connotation (the way the word is perceived) should also be taken into account when choosing words. In formal writing, one should always avoid using slang. Slang is informal, considered non-standard English, and slang changes constantly. Writers should also avoid using clichés, which are descriptively overused expressions.
Passive vocabularies refer to those words which a student can recognize their meaning when they see them in a context but can't produce new sentences with these words. He also stated that dividing passive and active words are a hard work since they are closely tied to each other, for example, the active vocabulary may slip back into the passive store if it is not used for a long time, and passive words may become active if a learner uses them
In short, a prescriptivist believes that effective communication in a given language may be achieved only by strictly adhering to centralized rules. Conversely, a descriptivist believes that so long as a sentence is able to convey its intended message, it is a correct usage of language. I am staunchly of the belief that prescriptivism in the English language is unfeasible. As the language of one of the world’s dominant ideologies, attempting to fit the ever-changing shape of anglophone culture into strict boundaries is not only ineffective, but likely impossible. Now, with the advent of the Internet, entire generations are experiencing an “awokening”, and a wave of neologisms, neopronouns, and obscure-yet-somehow-universally-understood meme references is on the horizon.
An example of this is, “Greg had sat in the small, pale green kitchen. . .” This Tells us that the kitchen is probably not that nice, and may be old. An example of descriptive language is, “His father’s brows knitted over deep brown eyes.” This explains to the reader that the father is feeling angry. A great example of descriptive language from the story is, “A car passed, its tires hissing over the wet streets.
Would you want to read an entire piece of literature without any description? The most common answer would be “no,” which shows how relevant descriptive language is to any text. Descriptive language is a very influential craft tool that is used throughout many pieces of literature. The effect it has on those texts is so essential that if used consistently and purposefully, it allows the readers to visualize the scene that is created by the author. This essay will compare and contrast the descriptive language used within the short story, “A Sound of Thunder,” by author Ray Bradbury, and the novel, Pendragon, by D.J.
Moreover, what are the processes of standardisation from the 12th century until the prescriptivist movement of the 18th century? In this discussion, the standardisation will be defined and the roles of printing and school education will be considered. The prescriptivism is the changes from a language to another by the making of rules of incorrect linguistic mistakes. It is different from the descriptivism which advices rather than prescribes. According to Baugh & Cable (1997), a standard language is defined as a taught language which provides “agreed norms of usage”, and that needs to be learnt whatever people's pronunciation.
2.1.2 Classification of adverbials On the basis of different classifying standards, there are different opinions about classifications of adverbials both in English and in Chinese. As we all known, adverbs occupy a very diverse and large part of speech category in traditional English grammar, which includes modifiers of verbs, adjectives clauses, other adverbs and whole sentences. The term adverbial further extends this class of modifiers to include prepositional phrases, noun phrases and clauses. Jackendoff (1972) classifies adverbs into the verb phrase adverbs, the subject-oriented adverbs, and the speaker-oriented adverbs. Bellert (1977) points out five distinct groups within Jackendoff’s speaker-oriented adverbs: the evaluative adverbs, the modal adverbs, the domain adverbs, the conjunctive adverbs, and the pragmatic
Descriptive language uses images that appeal to the reader’s senses, helping the reader to imagine how a subject looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels. Some of the examples of descriptive language include tone, irony, mood, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, allusion and satire. Without the use of descriptive language, the world of literature would be a monotonous place. Descriptive language does not really have to be wordy but it should be placed at all the right places to give purpose to the image it is trying to create in the mind of the readers. Sometimes descriptive language employed to add a poetic touch to a text, but usually it is simply employed to describe a
In ordinary language use, people are rarely conscious of what kind of meaning their phrases convey, be it figurative, literal or any other meaning. They are just producing and trying to understand the discourse in a given context along with the communicative goals which speakers mutually share. But if to study the use of ordinary language more thoroughly, it is possible to identify the differences between figurative and non-figurative or literal language. However, the problem lies in the difficulty of distinguishing between literal (what is said) and figurative (what is implied) meaning, since some figurative meanings may be acquired through complex deductive process with other aspects being understood more directly depending on what speakers