In Pakistan, most of our big decisions in life are influenced by our culture. What to wear, what not to wear. How to eat, how to sit, how to talk, how to walk, how to greet, how to meet, etc. In every step our culture has taught us how to do it. Our cultures are our identities.
First Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan is going to be analyzed the afterwards Love after Love then in the conclusion the differences and similarities of the two poems. In the eyes of Moniza Alvi clothing is a way to show culture. An example of such she says that her Pakistani Aunts sent her a salwar kameez. A salwar kameez is a typical Pakistani item of clothing.
Her writings portray women characters who struggle with cultural shackles to carve out an identity of their own in their home land and in the land they immigrate. The struggle and the hardships, the author underwent, when she came to America is vividly recreated in her novels. The American feminism, which greatly emphasis women’s independence, equality and personal freedom contrast very much with the selfless and subservient women of India. American women have fundamental rights to enjoy their freedom, but Indian women have only fundamental duties to do for their family. The two novels Sister of My Heart and its sequel The Vine of Desire deal with the lives of two distant cousins Anju and Sudha, it shows how they adapt themselves to the culture of a foreign land.
Mohsin Hamid, a postcolonial Pakistani writer, has tackled the issues of identity in The Reluctant Fundamentalist. These result from the interaction among Erica, a white American woman, Changez, a Pakistani Muslim and Chris, an ex-boyfriend of Erica in the background, and also due to larger political and cultural factors. Hamid believes in the intertwined nature of the personal and the political (Hamish Hamilton,2007). Erica and Changez, at one level, stand for their respective cultures and countries. Hamid handles these issues from the perspective of the so called subaltern culture and therefore writes back to the empire.
The poem, “Search for My Tongue”, by Sujata Bhatt and Amy Tan’s essay, Mother Tongue, explore the broad theme of language and identity. Specifically, both authors probe deeper into the relation between language and identity to explain their importance despite the social factors that impact their value. As a result, I was able to analyze how and why they employ a language in different contexts leading to the formation of my personal interpretations and connections crafted upon the experiences of my life. Indeed, Bhatt’s poem correlates with the observations and experiences I’ve made within my life. Primarily, the part of my life that is subject to an American influence derived from my experience at Casablanca American School, my social surroundings, and the Moroccan environment I live in, display great similarities despite the difference in context.
Although a poet rooted in the folk tradition of the African American South, Finney’s work relies upon the spiritual and aesthetic influence of West African tradition, the womanist wisdom of her maternal grandmother, Beulah Lenorah Davenport, and her family’s political commitment to equality and social justice (Beaulieu 333). She mingles the personal with the public in order to share the experience with her readers and therefore truly express their feelings. “I think that my putting myself in my poetry is me saying to my readers and my listeners “I’m willing to stand here and be as vulnerable as perhaps I am making others and situations vulnerable in my work. I have to be willing to do that” (Finney, “Interview with: Nikky Finney.”). Finney used personal and historical details so long as they are of interest to the people.
Cultural diversity is an important concept that has the attention of many people and different scholars worldwide. It is the basis of individuals’ interactions. Cultural diversity is the existence of different cultures and ethnic groups within a particular society. It can also be described as the inclusion of different people in a group. Ethnic minority group represent individuals of certain race or culture residing in a country where majority belong to a totally different race or culture.
‘Search For My Tongue’ by Sujata Bhatt and ‘Presents From My Aunts In Pakistan’ by Moniza Alvi use poetic techniques like language, personification and imagery to convey the idea of how they feel alienated in their cultures through their own point of view. The titles of both poems give an insight into the thoughts of the two poets. The title of the first poem, ‘Search For My Tongue’ is a metaphor and shows that Bhatt is looking for something that is lost, the tongue, which here is her mother tongue. The second poem, ‘Presents From My Aunts In Pakistan’ suggests that the poet is separate from her aunts and is expressing her feelings and thoughts towards the presents given by them. The speaker may feel a form of guilt for her uncertain feelings towards her cultural presents as she wants her English things, which she can feel natural in.
These moral values are something which are given due importance.It has created based on our thinking patterns and behavior of living. Mostly in this country people belogs to islam so we follow the guidelines of ALLAH and islam. Minorities including hindus, christian, parsi are also living here ad they are given the right of equality and justice based on the rules of islam 's teaching. In Pakistan we are having Punjabi, Sindh, Kashmiri, balouchi culture and they are having their own traditions and custom. In Pakistan there is a specific culture but it is also considered a mix cuture based on the belief and ideology of different people combined in a way that form particular values of islam.
A poem based on the poet’s experiences wherein the persona - a multiracial teenager - struggles to reconnect with her birthplace, is ‘Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan’ by Moniza Alvi. The persona’s unresolved conflict of her identity, being Pakistani and British, arises when she is given cultural gifts from her aunts in Pakistan whilst living an English lifestyle. Thus, this inner conflict evokes a sense of confusion within the persona, causing her to feel disconnected from both cultures. This essay focuses on the structure and meaning of the poem, understanding the context, and how the persona’s confused perception is conveyed - firstly, through the spiral form of the poem, and by Alvi’s uses of poetic techniques such as: colour imagery, irony, metaphors, effective word choice, and key phrases. To begin with, Alvi narrates the persona’s initial thoughts on the ‘salwar kameez’ with the