Modern History Draft Containment During the Cold War there were many different and defining factors that affected the run of the course of this war. Something that affected the Cold War to a large extent was the American policy of containment which was designed to stop communism and their methods to do so. As America was a country that would normally stay within their own boundaries when responding to troubles. The Cold War, in particular, was a different war for America as they felt that they needed to get involved in this worldwide event.
Madison did an investigation, and then he and Hamilton created and put in place the embargo act. Restricting the Americans from trading with outside ports so that they would not be pressed into the British military. Overall, Madison had a great influence over America as secretary of the state under
Eisenhower believed that focusing on a military during the Cold War could escalate the nuclear arms race to an all-out nuclear war, but JFK thought America 's Cold War strategy needed to be remilitarized. This is similar to when Clinton refused to authorize missions to eliminate Osama Bin Laden, but when Bush is elected, he declares War on Terror while expands the size and authority of all national security organizations Inside the U.s government. Keck also mentions Obama’s efforts , “Obama, like Eisenhower, quickly began prosecuting the war against al-Qaeda largely by relying heavily on America’s technological advantages and more aggressive covert operations run largely by the CIA…the Obama administration is worried that it(the strategy)will eventually face blowback from its actions and therefore hopes to rein itself in. This is prudent strategy, but it remains to be seen whether this attempt will succeed or, like the U.S. during the 1960s, Washington will unnecessarily re-escalate its campaign again.” Bill Clinton, George Bush, and Obama’s efforts against the War on Terror reflect the efforts put forth by Harry
General Foulois was instrumental in the 1930’s in building a post war Air Corps, for what he believed to be another war with Germany and he chose the strategy of using the political bureaucracy to critics the war department’s reluctance. He would frequently testify in both houses of Congress where he used his ability of persuasion to achieve his objectives. Additionally, General Foulois crafted numerous pieces of legislation, which he passed to sympathetic members of Congress. General Foulois kept his comments within the walls of congress, thereby reducing his chance of raising the ire of the war department (Schrader). Unfortunately for General Foulois, he did not anticipate that this strategy runs both ways.
The Cold War marked a very significant, yet rarely examined period of American history. It examined the clash between capitalist and communist systems and was immensely different from wars of the past in the sense that it wasn’t a war of outright physical warfare, rather it was a war of ideologies and political systems of two very separate, and influential spheres of power: Communism and the Free World. In that sense, the leaders of the time were a hugely important aspect of the Cold War. Each President—Truman, Nixon and Reagan, had tremendous impact and influence on the way in which the Cold War played out. But, most importantly, it allowed President Ronald Reagan to demonstrate his immense leadership capabilities and strategic-planning
Other presidents such as Abraham Lincoln and Woodrow Wilson, choose to act as “the voice of the people” by understanding themselves to be the heads of their political parties and making executive decisions. It is important to understand that the symbolic importance of a presidency can lead to the transcending of formal constitutional powers. However, what happens when a president seemly transcends his constitutional power, by executive action? When President Lincoln employed a war power when he announced a blockade on Southern ports without the declaration of war (Baker 177), he caused much controversy. Although, the president argued that his symbolic importance as the voice of the people led to his actions, stating that, “as the only nationally elected official in government…he embodied the peoples will” (Baker
At the time, most of these agreements were kept secret. Yalta became arguable after Soviet-American wartime cooperation declined into the cold war (Office of the Historian). Stalin broke his promise of free elections in Eastern Europe and installed governments dominated by the Soviet Union. Then American critics charged that Roosevelt, who died two months after the conference, had “sold out” to the Soviets at Yalta.
Congress also has the power to refuse and reject to pass laws or provide funding that the president requires. Thus almost everything the president does must be looked over and approved by the two houses of congress. The Framers also feared that the president 's wartime role was too powerful, so they gave Congress a set of checks and balances on the president 's war powers as well. Only Congress has the power to declare war and to pay for wartime
Some historians believe the Cold War was inevitable because of the hostilities from both America and the Soviet Union after World War II. America believed that the USSR was an expansionist country trying to spread an evil, communistic idea throughout the world. Although the countries never directly fought against each other, as they only fought in proxy wars, there was still extreme conflict. The United States responded to the Soviets actions in Germany, Europe, and their national actions. These responses were justifiable, or so many Americans at the time believed.
Nixon was Republican, and less than half a year before the election, a burglary had occurred in the Democratic headquarters. Nixon said that he was not guilty for the crime that had occurred, but later on video footage was discovered that stated the opposite of what Nixon had said. Congress then proceeded to take the footage, but Nixon tried to stop them saying that since he was president, he had the right to private conversations that no other branch could look at. When this case was brought to the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court agreed for the most part with what Nixon was saying however, they said that that was only the case in certain circumstances. They also stated that in a case like this, the judicial branch had the last word, and Nixon resigned from
In the sixties, the outrage and turmoil over the war in Vietnam led to the passing of “the War Powers Act of 1973. The act limited and made more accountable the president’s powers as commander in chief”. This was also done in order for Congress to have more control over the actions of presidents, when troops are involved in foreign
They were presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard M. Nixon. There was also President Harry S. Truman that made the Truman doctrine, but he was president before the Vietnam War began. The Truman Doctrine was very similar to other methods of containment, and it was that if we helped countries that were being influenced by communism, we could keep them from “falling” and stop the spread of it. President John F. Kennedy was the second president during the war, and he was the president when Ngo Dinh Diem was assassinated. He was thought to have known about the coup and even supported it.
The Cold war began because two sides had different views on communism. The Soviet Union wanted it to spread to other countries, while America wanted it to stop and have it disappear. Three main reasons why the war started was one, two sides of communism were being fought over, two, fear of one another, whether it is from being hurt or beaten, and finally, competition. Without any of these happening or being a part of the war, the Cold War would not have been the same. Without the Cold War, mistakes would not have been learned until much later, for the Cold War is a highly important event that happened.
After Kennedy’s assassination Lyndon Johnson inherited the White House and took the approach that dictatorships should not be appeased. Johnson was reluctant to become involved in Vietnam due to his political interpretation and policy direction are known as “Containment” and his belief that there was a threat of world domination by Communism which had become a very common Cold-War view among American politicians during this time period. But he continued on to help provide economic and military aid and even authorizes covert actions to prove to enemies that America will take a tough stance in Vietnam. As president, he felt he had to take all necessary measures to protect the U.S. from any attack a and to prevent any further
Kennedy however used different tactics. Truman and Eisenhower both used containment, the act of sending money and supplies to susceptible countries to prevent the soviet union from taking hold and growing, and economic aid, sending money and supplies to poor countries to jump start their economies. Kennedy, however used Military use, the sending of troops and having the country use them for defense and attacking threats, and Flexible response, instead of what previous people did this is taking action in your own way (more on that later), instead of Massive retaliation, the willingness to solve problems with nuclear force, all three presidents used