Utilitarianism can be further broken down into two distinct branches: act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism. Act-Utilitarianism, also known as classic utilitarianism, holds that we ought to do the act with the best consequences in terms of the most people. For classic utilitarians, the value that is to be maximized is pleasure-that is what has intrinsic value. On the other hand, pain is dis-valued and is considered a basic bad. The greatest happiness principle says that actions are right in proportion that they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the opposite of happiness.
There is always another side to the story. Federalist, these people supported the constitution. Though they knew that the constitution wasn’t perfection yet, According to document 3 George Washington state 's ”We have errors to correct… would to God, that wise measures may be taken in time to avert the consequences we have but too much reason to apprehend”. George was sure that the constitution wasn’t perfect but that in this time of need they need something like it. They need a strong government, to win over the people who won’t support over fear of loss of natural laws, like mentioned in document 1 “Let us look and behold the distress which prevail in every part of our country… View these things, fellow citizens, and then say we do not require a new, a protection, and efficient federal government if you can” this document was quoted from a newspaper in Massachusetts.
He says,”We know we can’t stop every act of violence… but maybe we can stop one act of evil, one act of violence”(Obama 2). In this line, Obama is indicating that although America, and specifically the issue of increasing amounts of violence in America will never be will never be “perfect”, perfection can still be aimed towards. This very real goal is found multiple times throughout the speech as Obama continues to restate the idea that improvement should always be an option. Another example of this is when he says,”We can’t save everybody, but we can save some”(Obama 2). Here Obama is addressing the violence and deaths connected to guns.
This resulted in a 36% decrease in IUDs and other implants and a 31% decrease in injectable contraceptives, all because it was limited, too expensive, or too difficult to receive (Willingham). This same effort is being attempted today by Donald Trump and his legislation in order to appeal to his supporters opposed to abortions and the federal funds that they assume contribute to so. Political viewpoints should not cause infliction with basic human rights
Hippocrates looked down on abortion and saw it as immoral to take a life of an unborn. The Pro-life stance see this as a sign that abortion since the ancient times has been looked down and we should stick to this moral value we have that killing regardless of contraception is wrong. The Pro-choice stances sees it that Hippocrates didn’t think abortion was wrong but the technique is what had him worried due to putting danger on the mother. Either stance clearly shows we need to raise awareness on a topic that is
Act Utilitarianism, being a hedonistic view, promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest good, however Rule Utilitarianism is based on rules of thumb, which may contradict themselves. For example, Rule Utilitarianism makes progress in the sense of being moral saints. This is based on how it takes “into account the effects of the rule or practice itself” (pg. 137). Those whose needs have been met who want to give a portion of their income to the less fortunate promote the greater good.
Kingsolver concludes that everyone in The Poisonwood Bible is complicit. Though to some degree Kingsolver’s conclusion is understandable, it is harsh. Everyone has fashioned their own sins in one way or another but they were not all extreme. Certainly Orleanna and Nathan were complicit but to call their children complicit when many of their decisions were made for them is not right. Orleanna is complicit because as a grown woman she should have spoken up knowing her husband was in the wrong and doing wrong but she did not.
Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory. This identifies it within a framework of regarding the morality of an action being guided by the consequences it produces. The normative morality of utilitarianism places its locus of the rightfulness of an action being that which produces the most happiness and the least of pain. The action of wrongfulness is that which is adverse, produces a higher result of pain and less of happiness. This is the standard central foundation of this theory.
If she is able to stand up and argue for what is right and what she believes, she could help fight against some of the world’s biggest, most confusing problems. Another example is when she created a resolution to give people from World War II the freedom to not return to their homelands. In her speech she exclaimed that “We must consider first the rights of man and what makes men more free— not governments, but man!” Pg 96 She pushed through to protect the rights of people she didn’t even know. Even though she must have been fighting a hard battle;”The Russians angrily objected…” she was able to let her idea pass. Perseverance is key if one wants to be an ambassador of UNICEF, and so Eleanor Roosevelt would make the best candidate.
It relates to the theme because it identifies that even though people are imperfect, our nation can still reach perfection, just like Obama’s candidacy. With the distraction of politics in America, people choose to make excuses rather than reach a main goal, such as ending racism, that everyone would appreciate. With Barack Obama’s speech, he basically tells people that although he doesn’t agree with what his pastor said, he believes in the end of political distraction and in the termination of all racism and racist ideas across the United States. Change is inevitable, progress is optional;
He responded, “You mean it’s not politically correct, and yet everyone uses it? You know what? Give me a better term.” On the flip side, when another Republican candidate, Marco Rubio, was asked about Bush and Trump’s use of the phrase he responded, “… those are human beings.” Even though he does not use the phrase anchor baby and is not ready to repeal the amendment completely, he too is adamant that there is a problem with the law concerning this issue. Democrat, Hillary Clinton, certainly is not missing out on the controversy that is taking place with this issue at hand. She tweeted out in response to Jeb Bush asking for a better term with, “How about "babies," "children," or ‘American
He says, ““it would be a betrayal of everything Reverend Pinckney stood for, I believe, if we allow ourselves to slip into a comfortable silence again.” He goes on to state, “That’s what we so often do to avoid uncomfortable truths about the prejudice that still infects our society.” This is a call to action by the president for the nation to not forget about this incident. We cannot become quiet about this disaster as we have done for many others. Pinckney would want us to work towards eliminating this bias. The group singing of “Amazing Grace” was one of Obama’s uses of pathos. This has a unifying effect and makes the speech feel heartfelt.
Kim was right in her actions in that she was following the commandments and in a since the bible. She has repeatedly said that her religious beliefs go against that of gay marriage, which in turn she cannot do her job. No matter the situation she uses this guide as a tool for her life. Kim Davis used Emmanuel’s Levinas (Johannesen, 2008, p.123) ethics of the direct and indirect encounter of “I”. She heard and acted on the government’s decision to make gay marriage legal, however his ethical obligations didn’t agree, so she acted in a way against that of what was expected of her.
Both candidates agree hate-speech is harmful and shouldn’t be tolerated. Carson has stated that “free speech is wonderful, hate speech can do real harm.” Trump has said that we must not tolerate the hate crimes such as the murder of Matthew Shepard for his sexual orientation. Carson and Trump differ slightly when is comes to same-sex marriage, however. Carson believes in gay rights but not gay marriage. He believes that homosexuality is a choice and that marriage is meant to be between a man and a woman.
Life is the most fundamental right. The federal government should not diminish this right by denying its’ protection. I am opposed to abortion except for rape, incest and life of the mother. I oppose the use of government funds to pay for abortions.” However, despite Trump’s view on abortion now , he was previously known to be pro-choice. Trump supported abortion rights in 1999, according to a 2011 article in National Journal.