"The Cold War was an ideological contest between the western democracies especially the United States and the Communist countries that emerged after the Second World War" (Tindall 972). The United States and the Soviet Union had differences over issues such as human rights, individual liberties, economic freedom, and religious belief. "Mutal suspicion and a race to gain influence and control over the so called nonaligned or third world countries further polarized" (Tindall 945). After the WWII Soviets dominate European countries and thought the U.S. had the same motives. At the end of the second world war there was an argument about who was more responsible for the cold war the Soviet Union or United States.
Truman responded with the creation and implementation of the foundational pillars of United States Cold War foreign policy. George Kennan’s strategy of containment and Paul Nitze’s document NSC-68 became two of the strongest guiding forces for United States foreign policy throughout the Cold War. Containment and a build-up of military force was the prognosis for pursuing Cold War objectives. Simply put, the long-term goals presented by President Truman were: reestablishing a balance of power in Europe, altering the Soviet conception of international relations to bring an eventual end to the war, in addition to gradually fragmenting the international communist movement. In 1946, three post-war confrontations between America and Soviet Russia forced the need for a foreign policy focused on combatting communism.
The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other. The Soviet Union was a communist country . They were ruled by a dictator and had
To claim that every man will possess a moral code identical to one another is a quintessential demonstration of Utopian’s lack of understanding of reality. Carr emphasises the naivety to base the study of international politics on an imaginary view of how we like to see the world. One such naivety I understood from the text was the establishment of The League of Nations, a collective security instrument. A Utopian concept, Carr is critical of the League due somewhat to his belief that it was trying to generalise world politics between “sixty known states differing widely in size, in power, and in political, economic, and cultural development” (Carr, 1939 p. 30). Another criticism of Carr’s toward the League was the notion that more powerful states would use the League as means to ensure their own interests were
As a former Vice President, Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce, Henry A. Wallace, a strong proponent of the New Deal and advocate of a more lenient Soviet Union policy which ultimately became controversial within the Democratic Party. Although Wallace’s criticism of President Harry S. Truman’s resulted in his dismissal, he nevertheless, actively voiced his criticisms during the Cold War. In “The Path to Peace with Russia,” Wallace criticized America’s foreign policy, while asking to judge the Soviet Union interests against those of the United States. Henry believed the United States involvement in the reconstruction of the Soviet Union could have helped the economies of both countries only if the mentality of international affairs could have been shifted. Wallace’s private letter, primarily to influence President Trumans’ thinking was achieved by creating a world where the United States was without their air bases, weapons and the atomic bomb and a Soviet Union who had “[created] a level of armed strength far exceeding anything in their previous history.” Wallace saw the events of George F. Kennan’s “Long Telegram,” Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech, and the series of nuclear tests in
Position of Truman During the Korean War, Harry Truman had a very delicate situation to balance. First and foremost, Harry Truman’s initial attitude , which was reflected through American policy at the time, revealed a struggle to balance the need to address the issue of communistic influence with a hesitancy due to the possible implications that taking aggressive militarial action could have for the US. In his statements, one being the Truman Doctrine, “Truman made it clear that his actions fell within the measures recommended by the United Nations, and reminded ‘all members of the United Nations’ to ‘consider carefully the consequences of this latest aggression in Korea’ and that America ‘will continue to uphold the rule of law.’ “ From Truman’s perspective, the most crucial strategic element for resolution was balance. Such balance, as would be proven later on, would be something that General Douglas MacArthur was incapable of achieving. Indeed, the consequences for over-invasive and intense actions were extremely valid.
One of the main causes that had started the cold war was Europe , Britain and the Usa believed that some areas of europe were falling under communist control .Even though the two countries never really declared war on each other they did fight indirectly. The Cold War was a long time of fighting between some of the Western side of the country and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west side was led by the United States and the Eastern side was led by the Soviet Union. It started in 1945 and ended in 1989 . The Cold War had started just after World War II had ended in 1945 .
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides involved in the conflict, although there were major regional wars, known as proxy wars, supported by the two sides. The Cold War split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the Soviet Union and the United States as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences. The USSR was a Marxist–Leninist state ruled by its Communist Party and secret police, who in turn were ruled by a dictator (Stalin) or a small committee ("Politburo").
In June 1948, the Soviet Union blocked roads and railroads that led to West Berlin. The United States, Great Britain Second cause or factor that triggered the cold war is because US and Soviet Union want dominant the world (Rana, 2009). Each of the Superpowers saw the other as a threat to its continued survival. That’s why they want to take over other countries as a step to preserve their interest. Besides that, both countries had adopted several strategies to preserve
The Cold War put both of these nations at test to see who could succeed the most. Disagreement between the two superpowers, the U.S and the U.S.S.R is what started the Cold War, just as disagreement is the start of any other war. Disagreements grew and became feuds and feuds caused tension, which created an uncomfortable position and lifestyle for everyone. When the United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance ended, they realized they had different viewpoint on how nation’s should