The Electoral College is a system that was put in place in 1787 when the founding fathers were determining how to fairly elect a president in a country that had different sized states that separated themselves from a centralized national government in a time when national votes being collected from all of the people, given the rural areas and lack of transportation or communication, was not feasible, thus eliminating the idea of a simple national popular vote. Other ideas suggested included having Congress or state legislatures elect the president, but these too were discarded due to the risks of upsetting balance of the power, either between the executive and legislative branch, or between state and federal governments. In the end, the concept of the Electoral College was passed. With the Electoral College, each state has a specified number of voting districts, these divided and based upon the population of that state. During an election, the people vote for the candidate they choose, and the candidate who wins the popular vote wins the election - for that state.
By this title, the president is the highest military authority in the United States, reinforcing the concepts of civilian supremacy over the military. They are in charge of the United States Armed Forces, deciding when and where troops are to be stationed, along with how weapons are to be used. The ultimate power to declare war is given to Congress, as specifically expressed in the Constitution. However, many presidents have ignored and acted against this, claiming the inherent executive power to defend the nation. The War Powers Resolution was thus set in place in 1978 in attempts to better control the president’s powers as Commander in Chief, encouraging the president to consult with Congress before acting in times of
As seen in Document A, it compares the Articles and the Constitution. For the executive branch, (the Constitution) had president administrators that enforce federal laws while (the Articles) only takes care when the Congress is not there. For the legislative branch, (the Constitution) a bicameral legislature where each state has equal representation in the Senate and each state has proportional representation in the House of Representatives thus fixing the issue of representation for small and large states. The Articles had a unicameral legislature where each state has one vote no matter what population they had which was unfair for the small states. The Constitution had a national court system that hears different cases while the Articles didn’t have that at all.
If the people were to elect the president directly, certain situations/problems wouldn’t be as analyzed like the Electoral College analyzes it. (McGraw Hill pg.385) If we were to get rid of the electoral college the states with a higher population would dominate the elections, therefore, leaving the small rural states unnoticed or with no voice. That would be very unfair towards rural areas, the present system gives the state’s power more strength and secures our federal system’s strength. (McGraw Hill pg.385) In order to make our voice be heard toward the candidate of our choice we should participate in campaigns as well as voting. The majority of our population doesn’t take the time to get politically involved and vote, making their opinion towards our government overlooked.
He believed the people should have the power to elect their president. Jackson also surrounded himself with people who supported him. He had replaced the “corrupt bargain” with the “spoils system” in doing this. During his during term he did not do much, but in the reelection his beliefs about the Second Bank of the United States was the main point that determined who would be the next president. Jackson won with flying colors and he was onto his second term.
Did you know that on election day you do not vote directly for president. Many people don’t like that they don’t ultimintly decide for president. They however don’t understant that it is there for a quite a few reasons. The first is that the founding fathers created the electoral college, second that it ensures that every state gets a say in who the president is, and number three is that it makes sure that the president is chosen by a majority vote and not a popular vote. When the founding fathers built this country they made the electoral college so that the presadent could be picked by an educated population.
In the past, the most efficient way to give citizens around the country an opportunity to vote was the electoral college, or so the founding fathers thought. Nonetheless, the electoral college should be abolished because citizens’ votes should all count equally all states should get the same attention from presidential candidates, and everyone’s voice should be heard. The electoral college system ultimately fails the citizens of bigger states because their votes don’t count as much as those in smaller states. How? Well, as previously mentioned, there’s 538 electors who are distributes
Also, the electoral college forces the candidates to focus on several topics and regions. In December 16, 2016 the article The Electoral College is an Excellent System by George F Will, he explains that “the electoral college shapes the character of majorities by helping generate those that are neither geographically nor ideologically narrow…” (doc B). The competitors will not be able to become the president if the limit themselves to one topic and area. They must support several topics and try to appeal to all the states they can if they want to be the president through the system of electoral college. This is important because the president will try to fit everyone 's needs and not just a certain group of people’s needs and wants.
By using the electoral college, the government becomes less of a direct democracy. Dahl states that the electoral college is “a body of presidential electors composed of men of exceptional wisdom and virtue who would choose the chief executive unswayed by popular opinion” (17), but the electoral college was established many years ago and in doing this,
Social Changes That Gave Rise to Mass Democracy The social changes that occurred during 1830 and 1840 gave rise to notable processes, such as mass democracy. Mass democracy can be defined as society taking control of voting and choosing presidents to their liking; instead of having the legislature vote based on their own interests, voting was based on the people’s benefits. This process was significantly influenced by the males in power. These social changes that occurred during the period of 1820 and 1840 were the Jacksonian Democracy created by Andrew Jackson, the American System developed by Henry Clay, and the presidency of William H. Harrison. Andrew Jackson started off his political career as the national hero because of the Battle of New Orleans.
The Electoral College is a crucial component of how the President of The United States is elected. The votes cast by the Electoral College can outweigh the popular vote of the American public, so it would be consequential for the American public to be aware of the Electoral College and have at least a basic understanding of how it works. This, however, is sadly not the case. Even some of today’s elected officials are not up to date on how the government works. The Intercollegiate Studies Institute ran a poll of twenty-five hundred randomly selected Americans, out of the members of that poll that were elected officials only fifty-three percent of them answered correctly when asked if they knew what the Electoral College’s function was.
The Virginia Plan proposed that a National Government consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary branches be created. This was very different from what the existing Confederation of Sates were comprised of. This new National Government was approved by Congress with little debate between its members, because as time was moving forward more and more members of Congress realized that there was a need for a stronger National Government. The details of the Virginia Plan called for the legislature branch to be comprised of two houses. A lower house, where the states would be represented in proportion to each state’s population and the upper house would have its’ members elected by the members of the lower house.
Madison believes that large republics are best able to avoid the dangers of faction. This is because at large republics, there are more experiences to share and unity is better valued. Also because the majority rules in republics, but the minorities ideas are still taken into consideration. In Federalist Paper 51, James Madison is explaining that the purpose of the essay is so that people have a better understanding on how the structure of the proposed government makes liberty possible. He is trying to justify that no one branch of government should have too much power in selecting confederates of the other branches and that the citizens should select their president.
George Washington’s Presidency George Washington, as every American has known since around pre-school, was our nation’s first president. But what if we didn’t have a president? Maybe a king, or even a theocracy? Originally, George Washington thought that maybe a constitution may not work, and a ruling elite may even work better (William P. Kladky). The Constitutional Convention had many long and heated debates on how to best create their government to give equal power to all branches of the government, and a board of three was one of the contenders (William P. Kladky).
Citizens of the United States also elects the President, who is in the executive branch, who then elects the judges for the judicial branch. However, some people may argue that representatives and senators will not represent the state or the people and only influence their decisions on personal interest. In contrast, it is rare in a large country like the U.S. because candidates are elected by the number of citizens per state. This makes it extremely hard for representatives to cheat on the