CHARCOT FOOT VS TRANSTIBIAL AMPUTATION A transtibial amputation, also known as a bellow knee amputation is one of the most frequently performed amputations. Amputation is a choice for diseased limbs, severe injury to lower limbs for which attempts at salvage can be lengthy, emotionally and financially costly. Transtibial amputations may be performed for the following reasons: -Trauma -Tumors -Infections -Peripheral Vascular Diseases This assignment is based on Amputation vs Charcot foot. Do patients prefer living with an amputation or living with charcot foot syndrome? Which gives a better quality of life?
Pressure ulcers (PUs) can be defined as superficial or deep lesions in the skin or soft tissue of ischemic etiology.1 Substantive data support tissue ischemia resulting from external pressure over the bony prominences exceeding the closing pressure of nutrient capillaries (32 mmHg) for a long time enough to result in lethal injury to the tissues as the cause of pressure sores.2 Other factors that have been found to contribute to the formation of pressure sores are friction (may breach the epidermis), shearing (causes tearing of blood vessels), moisture (causing maceration of the skin), local infection, edema, neurological conditions, and poor nutrition. 3 Pelvic region is the most predisposed topographic area of the human body to pressure ulcers in immobile patients.4 A study with 649 patients and 1,604 PUs demonstrated that the most affected region was the ischiatic, an area of high pressure among wheel-chair bound patients. Sacral and trochanteric ulcers are more common in bedridden ones. 5
Pneumothorax is the presence of air in the pleural space. This happens because of the wound in surface area of the lung and the air move from the lung to pleural cavity and causing collapsed. The collapsed due to the VQ mismatch which is called shunt. Pneumothorax is divided into tension pneumothorax and non-tension pneumothorax. Tension pneumothorax is a very serious condition that can develop with any pneumothorax.
It can also cause pain and discomfort in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or the back. Usually angina is caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Depending on the type of angina one has, knowing the many factors that can trigger an angina attack is very important. There are four different types of angina pectoris: Stable Angina Unstable Angina Variant (Prinzmetal) Angina Microvascular (MVD) Angina Stable angina is chest pain in medical terms. This type of chest pain occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either blocked or narrowed.
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a case of uncontrolled activation of proteins that are involved in the clotting process such as thrombin, fibrinolytic proteins, platelets, and coagulation factors. DIC occurs due to inflammation, trauma, infection, and shock. The presence of mucocutaneous bleeding is an evidence of DIC. Disseminated intravascular coagulation has acute and chronic phases. In acute phase, a patient will have severe symptoms while in chronic phase a patient may suffer from inflammation of blood vessels or adenocarcinoma.
This patient is laying in lateral recumbency, but the patient can also be in sternal recumbency. Generously clip the area around the cephalic vein to remove all the fur. Locate the cephalic vein either by sight or palpation. When placing the catheter, it is important to start as distally as possible in case you face difficulty placing the catheter and need to move higher on the leg. Disinfect the clipped area using the cleaning solution.
A nursing assessment can address the severity of symptoms by obtaining a complete physical and mental background. They will check the mouth, nose, and throat looking for enlarged tonsils, or a droopy soft palate, and inquire about a patients typical sleeping behaviors, bedtime routines, alcohol use, and smoking habits will be addressed. Measurements such as weight, height, pulse, and blood pressure will be taken, in order to determine if pulmonary hypertension is occurring. Family members can further provide the nurse descriptions of the nightly behavior they have seen firsthand. If symptoms of OSA can be determined, a referral to a sleep specialist is the next step in diagnosing the patients’ severity levels of sleep
Most times, once the underlying condition is cured, the bed wetting will stop. In instances where it is associated with a chronic condition such as dementia, the physicians can work with you and home care providers to ensure the best quality of care. One of the most common ways to control bed wetting includes monitoring fluid intake. This entails watching what is consumed, the amount, and when. Decreasing sugary, alcoholic, and caffeinated beverages, especially close to bedtime is a key first step.
it\'s going to result to associate infection within the muscle as a result of a illness of the arteries, interference the guts valves and also the likes. medication is also prescribed to assist one with this type of issues. Pulmonary valve stricture (PVS) This condition happens once there\'s a thickening of 1 or additional valves within the heart cavity. this could result in blockage of the guts between those within which the condition has progressed in DVE a amount of your time. Heart attack A coronary failure is that the results of plaque within the arteries designed, And by inflammation, therefore referred to as coronary-artery disease.
Introduction Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a condition that occurs in people with spinal injuries. This condition causes irregular heartbeats, high blood pressure, changes in skin color, sweating and muscle spasms. This condition is usually triggered by something and gets better once that trigger is removed. AD is a medical emergency and must be treated quickly. Untreated AD can lead to a stroke, heart attack, or seizure.
Be careful not to wrap it too tightly. This may interfere with blood circulation or increase swelling. ○ Elevate the injured body part above the level of your heart as often as you can. You can do this by putting a pillow under your thigh. • Take medicines only as directed by your health care