For this extended assignment I am going to focus on play and the importance of play is for children and young people. I am going to focus on children up to age of 6. “Play is a spontaneous and active process in which thinking, feeling and doing can flourish.” (http://www.playwales.org.uk/ ). Play is Important for children and young people’s as it can help children to build their confidence. Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally.
I agree that play-based learning offers diverse opportunities for children to explore, discover and create, they can also discover new things and communicate with peer during free-play time. Frobel said that “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood, for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child 's soul” (Froebel, 1887). He believed in the importance of play in a child’s learning as creative activity. Play provided the means for a child’s intellectual, social, emotional and physical development which are necessary elements in educating the “whole” children allowing them to use all imaginative powers and physical movements to explore their interests. Children are able to develop and practise motor skills and bodily movements through physical plays.
For the children I have observed play is serious but fun. It is through play that they learn about the world around them and their place in it. In my 16 years of working in a primary setting I have had many opportunities to study children at play, particularly in the early years. It has been interesting to see continuous provision in action – planned by a team who really understand the value of age appropriate play. Children are offered stimulating resources within an enabling environment which allows for positive learning experiences and cover the EYFS 6 areas of development.
Behaviour is the way in which we act, speak and treat other people and our environment. Children and young people whose early social and emotional development is positive are more likely to make friends, settle well into school and understand how to behave appropriately in different situations. They have strong self- esteem and a sense of self- worth, but also have a feeling of empathy for others. They understand what the boundaries are, and why they are necessary. Behaviour has a significant impact on current and later success for children and young people, in terms of their social skill development, education and employment.
Trice-Black et al. (2013) state many challenges in play therapy are due to misconceptions about the process of play therapy. For example, the author’s state it is a common concern that play therapy is costly due to supplies, which prevents therapists from using this intervention. As it was stated previously many toys are not necessary to conduct play therapy. A challenge therapists may face is watching children struggle during tasks which leads to feeling the need to comfort a child as they play out difficult situations.
David Foster Wallace argues that reality can be mundane. However, if people focus on what others are going through, then they can learn to empathize and understand humanity better. A behavior is a snap shot of how that person is acting in that moment. There are lots of moments where behaviors may not accurately describe someone. If people are constantly operating unconsciously and only ever taking what they see face value then they are not relating or understanding others; even more what they are thinking about other’s is stereotypical and possibly hurtful.
A healthy social development can help a child make good physical relationships. Good social skills can help children interact with others. Certain family situations or changes to family life and coming from a disadvantaged area can affect a child’s social and emotional development. Being social and interacting with others helps a child learn new words and communicate better. A child with good social skills is usually happy which makes them emotionally healthy.
Play is essential to development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. Play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child. Play allows children to use their creativity while developing their imagination, dexterity, and physical, cognitive, and emotional strength. Play is important to healthy brain development. It is through play that children at a very early age engage and interact in the world around them.
According to Adler, when we feel encouraged, we feel capable and appreciated and will generally act in a connected and cooperative way. When we are discouraged, we may act in unhealthy ways by competing, withdrawing, or giving up. It is in finding ways of expressing and accepting encouragement, respect, and social interest that help us feel fulfilled and optimistic. Adlerian theory and practice have proven especially productive as applied to the growth and development of children. Adlerians believe that "a misbehaving child is a discouraged child" and that helping children to feel valued, significant, and competent is often the most effective strategy in coping with difficult child behaviors.
The influence of a role model can affect individuals’ personality, ambitions or interest. Self-worth is based on children 's self-assessment of their capabilities in comparison to others. Positive assessment suggests that it is worth to do because the individual is better in that activity than others. Negative assessment signs if there is a skill needed to develop. Becoming too many negative assessments leads the individual to a negative self-assessment and may result in an overall feeling of inadequacy (Cole and Cole, 2006).