King Louis was responsible for the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789. A king by definition inherits his position by right of birth, but like most Kings, Louis XVI also inherited the inadvertence of the previous ruler of France, his grandfather. Despite this misfortune, he proved to be more than incompetent to do his duty as ruler of France. His autocratic and neglectful style of leading led to his downfall and his poor decision making economically and politically only cemented it. The social system in France had already been flawed many years before Louis XVI came into power.
In other words, a tyranny has been formed. Locke believes that the majority are meant to be the sovereign, thus, if the power shifts from the people, then they have the right to use force in order to gain back their rights. Therefore, we can conclude that the right of revolution refers to a situation in which citizens
During the Eighteenth Century, France had an absolute monarchy with Louis XVI as king and Marie Antoinette as queen. In that time period, French society was based upon a system of Estates where the clergy made up the First Estate; the nobility comprised the Second Estate, and everyone else including professionals, peasants, and the bourgeoisie made up the Third Estate. The Third Estate was immensely unhappy with the old regime, the Estates General, and Louis XVI’s leadership. France was also in the midst of a fiscal crisis due to the American Revolution, Louis XVI’s lavish lifestyle, the Seven Years War, and the tax exemption of the First and Second Estate. Following the surge of new ideas and impactful philosophers from the Enlightenment, the Third Estate was ready to start a revolution and abolish the Estates system.
There are various reasons as to why the Plebian Revolt happened. Economic, social, and political differences between the Plebeians and the Patricians caused a huge rift in the citizens of Rome. It would only be a matter of time before something occurred to spark a revolution on behalf of the Plebeians. I will attempt to explain the differences that lead up to the first revolt, the aftermath of the first revolt, and a modern situation that is similar. The Plebeians were the poor.
During the beginning of the 17th century, France was participating in the Thirty Years’ War in order to weaken the Habsburgs as the territory they controlled was close to French boarders. France had also signed the Treaty of Barwalde in order to swing the Swedish to their side. Both the French participation in the war and the treaty had been incredibly costly and put the French treasury at risk of default. The Fronde followed as Mazarin attempted to rebuild the treasury through taxation. The state of the French economy as well as the rest of Europe was dire.
The Qing dynasty began to diminish in strength power and influence in the beginning of the 18th century due to an increase in internal conflict and pressure from foreign powers. The greatest challenge the dynasty faced was the lack modernisation. When Empress Cixi came into power she failed to develop the out-dated dynasty because of her conservative ideologies and she made every attempt to destroy those who did advocate for change. Her ruthless response to the self-strengthening movement and 100 days of reform program were clear indications of her disapproval towards modernisation. The dynasty’s unnecessary involvement in the Boxers rebellion further crippled the state.
Immediately, Parliament raised concerns over how Britain would finance the war. Queen Anne of Great Britain made a speech on the opening of Parliament in November 1710, stating that the public credit was in horrible condition given the current state of Britain and the continuing war. William Thomas Morgan, a writer for the Academy of Political Science, argued the idea of the South Sea Company stemmed from this, as it brought forth new ideas to handle the rising debt. While debt concerns played a role in the creation of the South Sea Company, the company did not originally form as a means to take on the public debt. Given the Bank of England’s agreement with Parliament in 1697, the South Sea Company could not begin as a bank.
Under Louis XVI France has depleted most of its finances, and is in debt because of France’s financial and military support of America during the American revolution. This has led to famine and civil unrest, while also giving birth to the revolutionary idea of nationalism during the French revolution. Radical leaders such as Robespierre used the idea of nationalism to motivate people into joining revolution in order to create the French republic. However, the true leaders of the revolution were the people, as they were the ones who stole the gunpowder from the Bastille and stormed Versai, while the leaders were just the ‘head of the snake’ that told people what to do in order for them to get what they want. Furthermore, nationalism did not spark the revolution, but rather fuelled it as the true reason why the revolution began was because the bourgeoisie were not included in the Assemblée nationale, so they retaliated by motivating a mass of
When we study the French Revolution, we understand the meaning or in this case difference between a revolution and a war. A war is “a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state” while a revolution is “a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.”. Both have similar meanings and causes, such as anger towards a loss of land, or people. And this can be seen in the start of the National Assembly. The Common People of France united in response to France’s government deliberately starving their people, the government being in debt because of the American Revolution and many other costly wars causing and the main “trigger” of the revolution of France’s people going
The debt also built up by France participating in the Seven Years’ War and also the American Revolution. King Louis XVI’s expenditure on luxury items and his extravagant palace at Versailles and the major spending of his wife, Marie-Antoinette, did little to help the countries rising debt. They were both spending very irresponsibly, these were some of the primary factors that led to the French