In a society where individuals live and abide by good moral values, living an ethically upright life, in effect creates a society of trust and helps in positive development. Though there can be a society as such, humans live in a society that is filled with distrust, violence, criminal activities, corruption, and other immoral practices. In these instances, people’s morals conflict with other people’s way of life. So, the question is does one sacrifice his morals for the larger group? Or stand up for his or her morals and values?
In this level, right conduct is very important for an individual which directly benefits himself. According to this level, individuals are motivated by their willingness to avoid punishment, or by their desire to satisfy their own needs or by the pressure of the power exercised by them. This level is related to the moral development
If a mediator is keeping the confidentiality of the facilitation, they are showing they are trustworthy. Therefore, they will be treated with trust from the parties. When parties have trust, communication and understanding is improved (Negotiation Alchemy, Erbe, p.38.) All of these things help make mediations successful. Holding these Truths writes that ombudsman should be guided by the principle of confidentiality.
This is a very good thing if we want be successful and prosper. I am not suggesting you lie to others, just to yourself. We need to be honest with people to maintain ethical standards, integrity and credibility. We need to be trustworthy and reliable. It is good for business and relationships too.
I have an ESTJ personality type. My personality type has many strengths. I am a very dedicated worker, I don’t give up till it’s done. Plus I do it well and am a bit of a perfectionist. I am very strong willed in many aspects.
Therefore, added benefits of rule utilitarianism are that it values justice and includes beneficence at the same time. The supporters of this theory had a believe that actions can be considered ethically when it leads to achieve better results, in other words to make the greatest number of people happy. Which outcomes with other values , such as knowledge ,love and
Normally, what is often referred to moral subjectivism is the doctrine that, for example, “the action is right” which means that I approve the action. Referring the action as right means that the moral judgment of the speaker is equivalent to their own attitudes or feelings. According to Mackie (648),
Act Utilitarianism, being a hedonistic view, promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest good, however Rule Utilitarianism is based on rules of thumb, which may contradict themselves. For example, Rule Utilitarianism makes progress in the sense of being moral saints. This is based on how it takes “into account the effects of the rule or practice itself” (pg. 137). Those whose needs have been met who want to give a portion of their income to the less fortunate promote the greater good.
Self-concept means how you see yourself. It can be positive or negative. A positive self-concept means that you like and respect yourself. This means that you are beginning to know what you like and dislike. It also means that you stand up for your rights and what you think is important.