In 1993, the Chinese government launched the National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Elimination Program. China bears the heaviest burden of iodine deficiency in the world. In 1995, 20% of children aged 8 to 10 showed signs of goiter. Some 400 million people in China were estimated to be at risk of iodine deficiency disorders, constituting 40% of the global total. Today, the global importance of the health condition is a range including goiter (enlarged thyroid), stillbirths, stunted growth, thyroid deficiency, and mental defects.
(“7 million,” 2014, para. 7). Air pollution is mainly common in developing countries from the extensive amount of industrialization and urbanization that is taking place. Poorer countries and communities cannot afford the ability to protect themselves, which is why there is so much suffering in these communities. In China alone, life expectancies are about 5.5 years lower than the United States because of the cardiovascular and respiratory mortality (Chen, Eventstin, Greenstone, & Li, 2013, para.
It has been the second largest industrial pollutant after the agricultural industry because of the voluminous amounts of water and chemicals used in manufacturing. Although many of these chemicals are carcinogens, still a lot of information is not known of the over 2,000 chemicals used in processing textiles. A comprehensive classification of all chemicals are needed. The textile industry has faced a large amount of criticism and pressure regarding the environmental waste of solid, air and water pollutants. In the manual developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), on the “Pollution Prevention in the Textile Industry” 1996, the report gives a comprehensive overview of documented information on pollution prevention recycling practices for the textile industry.
If employers are paying employees more then they will raise costs to offset the added expenses. This will cause the buying power of the dollar to decrease, making it so people who received the minimum wage increases will not be making any more money than they otherwise would’ve, and people who did not have their pay increased, will be making even less money then they had used too. This would do nothing but increase the poverty rate even higher, doing exactly the opposite of what the counter argument says it would. The second way this counterclaim is disproven, is because of the increase people will see in the cost of living. With the price of housing, food, etc.
This is due to a trade surplus with the USA. China does not want individual businesses domestically to hold onto the USD they receive from payments of exports to the USA. As the companies and holders will soon enough want to buy local currency for their business needs. This would cause a demand increase for the local currency, which would make the Chinese yen appreciate, increasing its value and price. This causes appreciation against the USD which is bad for the export business.
As shown in Document E, “..., an emerging-markets slowdown and sluggish North American profit”. If the company does not try harder to step out of the shadow of emerging markets, they will never be able to improve their losses. If Toyota does not take action, they will see their profits declining for disregarding their
In the job market, the increase in minimum wage will cause a shortage, making it less profitable for companies to employ many workers. This will result in higher unemployment. In response to such criticisms, the government has come up with a concept called the “voluntary living wage,” which is an “attempt to encourage firms to pay higher wages” (Economics Help). A living wage is an “hourly wage rate considered the minimum level to provide the essentials of modern living” (Pettinger, 2012). To put it into simpler words, a living wage is an adjusted type of wage that takes into account the average price level of the country.
Having about 3,200 kilometres of coastline, tourism and fishery become the backbone industry of Thailand. Climate change threatens all three important sectors of Thailand’s economy: agriculture, tourism, and trade. Considering total CO2 emission, in 2008 Thailand ranks 22 of worldwide. Today, it is estimated that Thailand produces about 1% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions. (0.95% of global total CO2 emission in 2008).
A study published in Science by Jambeck and his associates in 2015, for instance, estimated that, out of 192 coastal countries in the world, Malaysia is the eight largest producer of mismanaged plastic wastes. This study estimated that in 2010 Malaysia had produced 0.94 million tons of mismanaged plastic wastes, of which 0.14 to 0.37 million tons may have been washed into the oceans. Thirteen percent of Malaysia’s solid wastes are plastic, of which 55 percent are mismanaged. In addition, discarded plastic bags into
What most people don’t know is that the electronic waste from around the world ends up being exported to developing countries by shipments such as China for recycling. 60 to 70% of electronic waste are gathered to China, especially Guiyu and it affects the environment and health of citizens of Guiyu through land, water and air pollution caused by the “primitive methods” of recycling by the workers of Guiyu (“Guiyu: An E-Waste Nightmare”). The city of Guiyu, China was a poor rice growing community before electronic waste recycling became the Guiyu residents’ job. The city had changed into an e-waste inferno since 1995, as the higher payments brought them to strip wires and melt electronic