“Her actions remind me that, even under unbearable circumstances, one can still believe in justice,” in David Henry Hwang’s foreword, in Ji-Li Jiang’s memoir Red Scarf Girl, commemorated even during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution anyone can overcome adversity (9). Ji-Li Jiang was a young teenager at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, and living through a very political time in China’s history made Ji-Li into the person she is today. Ji-Li’s intelligence, her choices, and family devotion made her into the headstrong and successful person she is today.
Nationalism is a powerful force that unifies large groups of people based on commonalities such as ethnicity or religion. There are numerous examples of nationalistic forces throughout the 20th century, such as rationing and the home front that took place in WWI, the Red Army and the CCP of the Interwar Years, and ultranationalistic Nazi Germany and Japan in WWII. Nationalism is the driving force behind many of the world’s greatest accomplishments and atrocities and it helped to shape the world in the 20th century because it contributed to the WWI effort, set the stage for WWII, and caused two significant atrocities during the second World War.
The pearl diver, the Hannah Arendt's poetic metaphor for whom thinks of dealing with the tradition,
Throughout History, change has been the only constant element. Societies grow, expand, evolve and fall apart, what determines the fate of these societies is their ability to adapt to times. This is one of the reasons why the once rock solid Soviet led bloc crumbled apart along with its communist ideologies and Communist China still remains today. How exactly this came about can be broken into three different sections; how the Communist Parties were established, how nationalism affected their politics, and the adaptation of politics to changing times.
After years of Civil War between the Communists and Nationalists, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People‘s Republic of China (PRC) on October 1, 1949. Thereby, the Communists replaced the Republic of China (ROC) which was under the sovereignty of Chiank Kai-shek, leader of the Kuomintang. The government of Chiank had to flee from Chinese mainland to Taiwan.
Nationalism is the pride for one’s country, the love that one has for its country and it is the want for the good of all people in the nation. This love is not conditional, it does not depend on race religion or economic standing. When a leader is chosen, when a country is coming out of great national change, this requires a particularly strong leader who only wishes for their countries greatness and success in the future. However, this can quickly turn into ultranationalism, or expose ultranationalistic motives. The two concepts of one’s love for their country have similarities, one is formed from the other, or that each can be provokers of change in either direction in the political spectrum. Coming with the Similarities there are very definite differences between
Document 1 depicts the leader of the Chinese Communist party, Mao Zedong,’s written report that describes peasants’ strong nationalism. His written report uses strong words as “corrupt” and “evil” which describes peasants’ enemies, such as officials and landowners. Mao wanted to uprise the sense of nationalism by mentioning the peasants’ enemies. However, Mao Zedong is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, so he might exaggerated the state of peasants in order to gain trusts from the peasants. According to document 2, a sense of nationalism is shown in the discussion between a teenaged peasant and his grandfather. The teenaged peasant keep mentions the advantages, such as a plenty of food, technology, and skills that they learn to farm that the communist party gave to them. Especially, the sense of nationalism strongly expresses when the teenaged peasant says weapons to fight with Japan. Yet, the teenaged peasant lived much shorter time period than his grandfather did, so the teenaged peasant cannot compare how it becomes better than the past. If there were another document, such as grandfather’s diary that explains about life of teenaged peasant’s grandfather, it would give good comparison why his grandfather oppose with the Chinese Communist Party. In documents 3, a sense of nationalism and unity is shown in report of Japanese Political Affairs Bureau. Administrative officer comments
There is no denying that the film, Aftershock, directed by Feng Xiaogang is the most bankable domestic blockbusters in mainland China and wins the box office of more than six hundred million in 2010 (Coonan, 2010). It reproduces the grave earthquake took place in Tangshan, Hebei Province on July 28, 1976. Such a 7.8 magnitude earthquake turned Tangshan into ruins in only twenty-three seconds and caused 250 thousands death. The successful release of the film has caused the high attention and intense discussion among the community until nowadays. As an excellent work of contemporary Chinese realism film, it moves audiences through its setting, expression, characters and also the touching plot.
If there had never been such a movement to bring nations together in such a form that benefited the entire country for the better than we would be seeing side effects of natural narcissism acts of only taking your needs before the needs of the community in the country. This would delay the growth of trade and the invention of new technologies would have suffered for the people would still only be willing to work/look after themselves, rather than unify together in nations to benefit the others in the society meaning that they would not move and grow together in a society and they would be stuck in singularities. Nationalism gave people the understanding that they will be more successful if they form together and unify for the better of the country to advance and protect themselves from the other antagonists around
In this section, I am choosing China to do my research of the cultural dimensions. Individualism and Collectivism in China are not even considered. Individualism is about ones self and doing what needs to be done for yourself not others, based on independence. Collectivism is based on group goals rather than individual goals. Chinese tradition is opposed to individual glorification and considers anyone who desires personal enhancement as a threat to collectivism (Pye, 1982). Chinese are more group-oriented, they value respect and friendship. China is more Egalitarian, meaning that they share power and share authority and spread the authority out evenly. They do not expect all power as some cultures do. Next is Performance orientation, which means when the community encourages and rewards good things done and completed. With this China is midrange and rapidly developing performance orientation in the workforce. ` Future Orientation involves the degree to which cultures are willing to sacrifice current wants to achieve future needs` (Cardon, P. 2013 Pg 13). This, in turn, means some live in the moment and do things on the spur of the moment while others plan accordingly. And in so many ways Chinese live in the moment. Now with China, they are on the low side of assertiveness. `Everything is difficult, but everything is possible` ( Cardon, P. 2013 Pg.14). So meaning that yes when things get hard you must work more to try and
China’s Last Empire. The Great Qing. William T. Rowe. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. 360 pages including Emperors and Dynasties, Pronunciation Guide, Notes, Bibliography, Acknowledgements, Index, Maps and Figures.
This historical analysis will define the imperial impact of French colonialism and the influence of Chinese communism and on the Vietnamese people in the pre-WWII era. The important role of China in the development of Vietnam’s history is crucial to understand the ways in which foreign colonists could not sustain dominance over these peoples. In the past, Northern Vietnam had been a part of China, which defines the close relationship that these people had with a larger and more powerful empire in this region of the world. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the role of China’s own nationalist movements had an impact on Vietnam’s own struggles in French-Indochina. The early focus on “nationalism” in China was going against western
Robert Weller traces Hong Xiuquan’s rise to power referencing the economic, cultural, and political background of Guangxi and China as a whole. The guiding figure of the world’s deadliest pre-WWI conflict, this self-proclaimed brother of Jesus Christ directed his millenarian Christian-derived cult to seize vast expanses of territory before his defeat, setting the precedent for the Qing’s eventual downfall. Furthermore, Weller argues the Xiuquan’s radical defiance of tradition can be tied to events in the following century, such as the GMD’s anti-foot binding campaigns and the CCP’s use of female soldiers.
China’s rise as a global power is filled with vulnerability and insecurity. In the book China’s Search for Security, Nathan and Scobell believe that China’s path to become an influential global power like the US is a steep uphill climb. Not only China’s geopolitical location comes as both advantage and disadvantage, China’s rise is a new form of power that is unfamiliar to the West and the rest of the world. I think Nathan and Scobell presented thorough arguments that are realistic and fact-based. Their arguments equally consist Chinese and American perspective, that explains China’s rise and the changes that are likely to come with it.
Ideology – specifically communism, nationalism and anti-imperialism – were prominent in CCP’s rhetoric from the 1950s to 1960s. Ideology played a limited role in Chinese foreign policy then as it was not the primary force that determined its core interests and courses of action. However, it moulded its foreign policy to the form it eventually was manifested by constraining and opening up paths for China.