Cephalocaudal Development Pattern In Children

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1.1 Introduction Children’s gallery is a place where “children play to learn and adults learn to play”. Developing such kind of environment is a challenging task. It required to study and understand the child growth and developments . No two children are like. Even identical twins, who have the same genetic makeup. Children differ in cognitive , social, physical and emotional development pattern. They may differ in response for the same objet or play or affection or people. Some always appear to be active and happy and other appear to be dull and unhappy. It is found that some children are easier to like. To help all kinds of children, it is required to understand the sequence of development pattern. Thorough knowledge of these domains…show more content…
Through research on child development, researchers understand the characteristics of the principles that follow. There are two principle of development cephalocaudal, proximodistal According cephalocaudal, development progress from the head downward. The child first gains control of the head, then the arms, then the legs. In first three months after birth infant’s gains control of head and the face movements. In next few months they can lift themselves up using hands. Between 6 to 12 months start gain leg control, crawls, stand and walk. According to proximodistal principal, development also proceeds from the center of the body outward. First the spinal cord develops and rest of the parts next. Arms develop before the hands, and the hands and feet develop before the fingers and toes. Fingers and toes are the last to develop. Maturation play major role on devlopmment. Maturation means, sequance of biological changes in children there changes gives new abilities. And it depends on changes in the brain and the nervous system. These changes in brain support children in improving their motor skills and thinking. Children to develop to their potential rich learning environment is required. Children must mature to a certain point before they can gain some skills. For example, the brain of a six-month-old has not matured enough to allow the child to talk. A six-month-old will babble and coo. However, by three years of age, with the help of others, the child will be able to say and understand many words. This is how cognitive development occurs from simple tasks to more complex tasks. In the same way physical skills also develop from general to specific movements. For instance, the way an infant waves its arms and legs, these moments are random. Several months after birth infants will grab the object with their whole hand. After little more months they grasp the object with
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