Principles Of Clinical Nutrition

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Clinical Nutrition can be identified as the introduction of the main principles of nutrition (such as using nutrients as an essential component, maintaining nutritional requirements, monitoring the intake, absorption and metabolism of dietary constituents) into the management, treatment or prevention of chronic and acute illnesses in patients. (1, 2) Nutrition plays an important role in medicine. This is seen through folk medicine in the past and present and through eminent scientists like Hippocrates who taught that disease or illness is caused by an imbalance in the diet and the person’s environmental factors, and that the role of medicine is to ensure this balance through a healthy lifestyle and proper hygiene. (2) Additionally, in the early 1940s, clinical nutrition was considered a focused therapeutic modality in the domain of dietitians, but not physicians. Five to ten years later clinical nutrition has lost its significance in academic medicine and then was transformed into disease or organ based specialties. In the 1980s, a required 25-30 hour course of the basic principles of clinical nutrition was integrated into the medical curriculum in the colleges of medicine all around the US. (2)

Malnutrition is one of the main reasons of medical illnesses that require hospitalization; therefore it is necessary that there is an established nutrition protocol to be applied in situations like this. (3) Health care teams should conclude of varied sectors of health specialties,
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