There is no rehab for them, they are just placed there and expected to serve their sentence, which are often very excessive. Despite the extremely large rise in the incarceration rate over the last forty years, it has not shown an effective way of achieving public safety. It only creates financial burden on the state and also results in creating more overcrowding the prison system (“Criminal Justice Facts.” The Sentencing Project). Below is a chart from “The Sentencing Project” to show the prison population since
After the law was executed, the prison population increased tremendously in the years after. Prison population exploded until the 1980s all due to the war on drugs. Drug offenders constituted more than half of the prisons population and the majority were American citizen white males. The Sentencing Reform Act was another major factor that contributed to the prison overcrowding. The Sentencing Reform Act gave offenders determinate sentencing which was a period of incarceration that the convicted had to serve and it was ordered by the court.
During the time of rehabilitation, offenders only served, on average, 58 percent of their prison sentences. (Maulhausen, 2010) Since the United State is using a get tough on crime approach, punishment is now a prisons main function. As a result, the punitive model has caused an explosion in prison
Sentencing in the United States has greatly increased due to a number of things. Mandatory minimums, which are a minimum of years served in prison determined by the offense, and the severity of the crime. The National Research Council found that roughly half of the 222% growth in state prison populations between 1980 and 2010 was caused by the increased time in prison for all offenses. Life sentences, without parole, have increases astonishedly. 1/9 prison inmates are sentenced to a life sentence.
There is a reason why americans incarnation rates are seven times higher than say our European allies and the murder rate is also ten times higher. We are putting people in jail a lot times for nonviolent crimes then letting them out more violent and dangerous than when they went in. It would so much more cost efficient if we taught them in a non harmful environment. So they would learn not to do it again instead of spending thousands of dollars for nothing except for them just to break the law
One of the biggest issues with America’s prison system is overcrowding. Overcrowding affects the cost of incarceration and the mentality of prisoners. However, the issue has yet to be seriously addressed. In fact, many politicians claim that mass incarceration has led to a dramatic decline in crime, citing statistics from the 1990s, when crime rates fell by almost 40 percent. However, further research has proven that mass incarceration has little effect on crime rates.
Parental Incarceration: The Impact on Families The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, over 2 million people are in the nation's penitentiary facilities across the country. Within this figure there are an estimated 900,000 prisoners in the country's penitentiaries that were parents of minor children or children under the legal adulthood, estimated 1,706,600 minor children, accounting for 2.3% of the nation's population (Glaze & Maruschak, 2008). When a parent is sent to prison, many dimensions of the family dynamic alters significantly, the effect of incarceration is not restricted to those serving time for their committed crime but can influence children through the emotional and behavioral social stigmas and the social stigma from financial instability. Instrumental/Technical:
This article, written by Alfred Blumstein, focuses on the issue of prison population. Blumstein indicates that the dramatic rise is not a result of one sole factor, but rather a result of several. These several factors include imprisonment policies becoming increasingly politicized, the changing of the age composition of the country’s population most likely due to the baby boom after World War II, and the extreme overrepresentation of blacks in prisons. Blumstein states that this overrepresentation cannot be completely due to racial discrimination by authorities, but most likely due to blacks’ “differential involvement in those kinds of crime for which prison sentences are often imposed” (Blumstein, 1988, p. 231). Finally, Blumstein proposes three approaches to alleviate the issue of prison overcrowding.
The U.S. currently incarcerates approximately 1 in 100 adults. America’s incarceration addiction grew during the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of the tough on crime policy. As an example of the tough on crime policy, California’s “three strikes” law called for mandatory sentencing of repeat offenders. Another example is New York’s “Broken Windows” strategy. This called for the arrest and prosecution
Racism Within the Judicial System While growing up in an urban area, it’s easy to dismiss the injustices and racism that one has grown up around, this is seen as normal. As a minority, when one is stopped by a police officer, the two most common outcomes are either death or being a brutally violent arrested. The United States is infamous for the number of incarcerated citizens: 670 per 100,000. Shockingly enough, the numbers continue to rise. How is it that the nation that extols the virtues of life, liberty and justice also maintains one of the most draconian prison systems in the world?