However, the construction of new prison facilities has not provided a sustainable solution for the reduction in crime rates in the society. Incarceration has also proven to be expensive. There are several costs associated with incarceration. These include costs of building new facilities, costs of paying prison staff, maintaining the prisons and costs of treating particular classes of prisoners such as elderly and mentally ill inmates. The United States spends billions of dollars on incarceration each year with the average yearly increase in state spending on prisons from 1999 to 2009 being approximately 3 percent (James, 2011, p.632).
Over time, I can only imagine what it turns them into. We are a country that has the highest population of incarcerated humans. Unfortunately, we have begun to spend more on the prison system than educating the children of America. This very alarming and saddening. If we are not trying our hardest to make sure that children of America are learning to the best of their abilities, what is going to stop them from showing up in jail also.
Mass incarceration is the way that the United States has locked up millions of people over the last forty years using unnecessary and disproportionate policies. Contrary to popular belief, this is racially fueled as most of these policies saw to it that blacks and latinos be locked up for longer than their white peers and for smaller crimes. These racist roots within the system can be traced back to when the first slave ship arrived in the US. But our first major prison boom was seen after the American Civil war. I know that the Civil War was far more than forty years ago.
Are prisons not paying people enough? If so, should prisoners be paid minimum wage? The answer is no, prisoners should not be paid minimum wage for multiple reasons. The taxes and cost would be much to high, they’re in prison for a reason and a punishment is well deserved and if prisons paid high amounts then people could possibly go their on purpose.
Elderly offenders are a number of men and women ages 55 years and older that face life sentence or waiting for parole. There are more male than female prisoners there's about 42% white prisoners, 33% are black and around 15% hispanic. Elderly prison have grown from 32,600 in 1995 to 124,400 in 2010. They say that about the year 2030 will approach one third of the total prison population. Elderly prisons are two to three times more expensive than younger offenders, they could be up $72,000 per year for medical care and housing.
That's nearly 156,608 more people broken from families with petty crimes. As stated before, fear was a tactic to justify these actions. Willie Thornton picture showed a messy, monstrous, and fearful black male. His picture did more justice than his conviction. By the 1985 245, 200 more were victims to the justice system.
Unfortunately, there are racial disparities in the United States in the legal system. Prison sentences imposed on African American males in the federal system are nearly 20 percent longer than white males convicted of similar crimes. The 1994 Crime Bill signed by President Clinton established mandatory minimum sentences. African American and Latino offenders sentenced in state and federal courts face greater odds of incarceration than white offenders who are in similar situations and receive longer sentences than whites in some jurisdictions. Research has shown that race plays a significant role in determination on which homicide cases resulted in death sentences.
Your discussion was very interesting, frightening, and troubling to read. From the research we have conducted this week, overcrowding seems to be at the top of the list for correctional facilities throughout the country. This one factor is placing the officers that work in these facilities in danger. It’s frustrating to me that so many prisons and jails do not require any type of structure for the inmates. Without structure and overcrowded facilities, a recipe for violence is created.
When they realized, the promises made to them as far as them working and their living situations improving was not happening like promised, they began moving into the white communities. Which would intelled more competition in the workforce. This outraged the whites and they reunited the Klu Klux Klan to begin violent acts towards the blacks. In 1918 there were a total of 64 lynchings and in 1919 there were a total of 83 lynchings.(www.history.com and
I agree with Madeline and Julie that the cons of solitary confinement are much larger than the pros of solitary confinement. As the number of incarcerated increases in the US, which is a country with an abnormally high number of incarcerations annually, there are also a larger number of prisoners in solitary confinement. There have been studies shown that correlate lasting psychological damage with the amount of time a prisoner has spent in solitary confinement or isolation. The complete lack of human association and contact for a long period of time can cause severe psychological distress to a prisoner. Solitary confinement was once used as a form of short-term punishment; however, more and more prisoners are now placed in solitary confinement
All the money being used for prisons could be used instead as stated by Davis, “…to subsidize housing for the homeless, to ameliorate public education for poor and racially marginalized communities, to open free drug rehabilitation programs for those who wish to kick their habits…”(Davis 686) as well as many other beneficiary programs that can help better a community where crime is visible
Harsher punishments were also set for younger criminals, which affects my generation greatly. These prisons are holding so many people, and many more are being thrown in jail, that we need more jails; more money. At the prisons, young criminal offenders are not being taught how to be good citizens, they are taught how to be better criminals. If this continues, what will happen to this generation? Our next generation, or even the next, next generation?
The overcrowding of prisons in California and the rest of America is the result of “manufactured crime”. These are crimes which have no victim yet are considered felonies and follow the three strike law. Many people do not know that there are more incarcerated people in America than any other country on earth. According to the American Civil Liberties Union “America contains 5% of the world 's human population while also containing 25% of the world’s prison population.
The largest internal challenge that the Bureau of Prisons faces is adequate levels of bed space and staffing in order to safely manage the population of prisons. The crowding of prisons has been identified as a material weakness and is highly recognized by the Department of Justice, which is the agency in which the Bureau of Prisons is run under. There recently has been a reported decline in the federal prison population, yet it still remains over crowded by thirty percent. This has caused the BOP to increase its inmate to staff ratio, but officer’s safety continuously remains at
(Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau