The main purpose of mass incarcerations is to teach them a lesson that “crime does not pay” (Cullen et al., 2011). However, research shows that there is little evidence prison reduces recidivism and at least some evidence suggests that imprisonment have a criminogenic effect, causing them to reoffend (Foucault, 2009). One of the challenges of prisons is helping the prisoners to transit successfully back to society (Woodall et al., 2012). Released prisoners are more likely to return to densely populated urban areas, and deal with overburdened of substantial housing and face high rate of unemployment. Woodall et al.
Longer sentences can also lead to overcrowding, which prevents prisoners access to rehabilitative programs have have a greater chance that mental health issues will worsen for these prisoners. Many other states have create similar innovative programs to lower incarceration and crime rates. Legislation in Texas for example provided $241 million dollars to develop many different alternatives to prison, including additional substance abuse treatment beds, drug courts, and mental illness treatment programs. Another state is South Carolina, who put an end to its mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession and also expanded prison alternative and parole eligibility. Similar to this, the state of New Jersey lowered its prison population by upgrading its parole process and putting an increase on how flexible sentencing of low-level drug offenders is.
With all of the issues the government must worry about, prison overcrowding should not be one of them. The lazy and effortless attempts of the justice system that resulted in the outstanding number of people inside prisons is overbearing. There needs to be a change. Mandatory sentencing laws, lack of awareness and inhumane treatment of prisoners is unjust. For society to progress, new laws must be passed, recognition must happen, and action needs to take place.
Although the staff may not have to worry about being assaulted as much, they may still develop mental issues by completely separating themselves from the inmates except only in “control” situations (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). It would seem that the staff members in supermax prisons could also get a sense of comfort, which could in turn be very dangerous for them. The staff has complete control over the inmates, and this may make them more relaxed in a place where they need not be relaxed. Overall, supermax prisons can have negative effects on staff and inmates, but they also can have positive effects. The main positive effect would be separating these violent inmates from the general population, and potentially removing key leaders from STG groups.
Overcrowded prison is one of the main issues of poor prison conditions around the world. From the article of The Council of State Governments Justice Center in 2010, it shows that the prison population at Indiana have been a 47% increase, amount from 19,309 to 28,389 between 2000 and 2010. Furthermore, overcrowded prison brings a lot of following problems such as damage to taxpayers, illness, and the risk of guards and prisoners safety. According to The TASA Group (2017), “Overcrowded prisons may mean fewer security checks performed by the officers.” So remission can decrease the number of prisoners and then the officers can control and protect prison to be safety more than before. As a matter of taxpayers, the justice system is a large procedure and this system will take many resources.
Overcrowding Prisons Prisons are overcrowded throughout the nation. The number of incarceration is rapidly increasing. Innocent prisoners are taking up space, and money is crucial. Prisoners are competing and struggling for a living. Therefore our two choices are to release the prisoners, or overcrowd them into jail.
The type of violence that is most common in prison is/are rape and gang violence. Unfortunately, inmates are not the only suspects, prison staff sometimes harass or rape the inmates. The inmates who are the victims of staff violence sometimes do not report that they have been violated or assaulted because they feel like no one will believe or listen to them. Deaths in prison are also a huge problem, according to Bureau of Justice A total of 4,446 inmates died in 2013, an increase of 131 deaths from 2012. This was the highest number of deaths reported to the BJS Deaths in Custody Reporting Program since 2007 (www.ncjrs.gov).
In New York approximately 2000 individuals were released directly from solitary confinements to the public every year. During Solitary confinement, prisoners do not get any educational or rehabilitative courses and are therefore unprepared to reunite with society with success. Prisoners also bring the effects of solitary confinement with them to communities, which include violent outbursts of anger, self-harm, and emotional breakdowns. In previous studies it was discovered that solitary confinement increases the rate of suicides in jails, causes negative psychological and psychopathological effects, and raises the levels of violence in prisons and the society that they are situated in. Conclusion Examining other studies in the literature review helps create a perception of the important parts of this topic.
The blunt facts of mass incarceration for criminal offenders in United are very well known as they house the world’s largest prison population (Raphael & Stoll 2011). As of March 2010, the incarceration population in United States are as high as 2.3 million, making them the world leader in incarcerating its citizens. The jurisdiction believes that prison has an important role to play in protecting the community against offenders and in punishing them for their crime (Foucault, 2009). However, research and evidence have shown that the use of imprisonment has many disadvantages. The rate of growth in criminal justice system has slowed in recent years and the call for prison reforms have largely fallen on deaf ears (Raphael & Stoll, 2011).
Focusing on punishing criminals is too important today and with businesses earning millions of dollars on it, there’s no one that is there to stop it. The government debts are rising higher for every day that passes and prisoners keep falling into the cracks that are called the prison system, either spending their life in enclosure or are unsuccessful in resocializing. What is seen today is a loss for everybody, the prisoner’s life, the government’s money and yet it’s still in existence. Making a prison reform is not easy, neither is the process of changing the society’s view on criminals but it’s a process that must go through. The government, the society and even the private businesses that govern the prisons need to rather than imprisoning begin