Police often tell lies when working a case or in pursuit of the truth. They are permitted to distort facts, create facts, manipulate information, and often times mislead people in order to solve crimes and apprehend the bad guys. Officer will tell a suspect in a crime they have video of him or her committing the offense or they will say they have a witness who can identify them. Some will even go to the extent to pose the question to those under suspicion of whether or not they can explain the presence of their DNA at a crime scene, making them believe it has already been found. This is usually done with little or no backlash from top administration or from the public at large.
Now psychological profiling which is also known as behavioral criminal personality and criminal profiling is a method that investigators use to develop a profile of a murder, rapists as well as other violent criminals who have not been caught by police officers yet for a crime they committed. On the other hand offender profiling is the belief that it may be possible to work out the characteristics of an offender by simply examining the characteristics of their offences. Therefore, the investigator would use all of the available information they have found about a crime, a crime scene or a victim to build a profile of the criminal or offender. Therefore, crime scene profiling would be when an investigator takes the physical evidence, that was collected and properly analyzed by specialists from a crime scene and systematically reconstruct the scene of the crime in order to get a strategy that will help them to capture the
After a consent search has been given that then makes everything that the police officer finds admissible evidence. A warrantless search can also apply if it falls under the Plain View Doctrine. The Plain View Doctrine deals with evidence of criminal activity that a police officer can see prior to entering or conducting an initial search. If criminal activity is observed, then a police officer may enter without a search warrant. Another reason why a police officer may be able to conduct a warrantless search is due to an emergency exception.
In the United States, police interrogators are permitted to engage in trickery, present false evidence, use leading questions, conduct repeated lengthy interrogations, and otherwise coerce involuntary false confessions from suspects who may well be innocent of the crime for which he or she is accused. Once police interrogators secure a confession, their work is largely over and the case is considered closed. Jurors are highly unlikely to dismiss the evidence of a confession, even in instances in which they are aware that coercion and trickery have been employed by interrogators. Miranda rights afford defendants with the ability to avoid self-incrimination and to have an attorney present; however, false confessions do continue to mar the justice system. Safeguards that may be employed to reduce the quantity of false confessions include exercising Miranda rights and videotaping interrogations in full to prevent selective disclosure of confessions, thereby increasing accountability and ethics.
The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty. In fact, this argument is supported by the many cases of malicious prosecutions and mistaken identities.
After someone commits a crime, multitudes of people show up to the crime scene. The Police, Detectives, Marshalls, sometimes even the Fire Department and Ambulances depending on the crime. There are many forms of evidence presented in a court of law, but one type of evidence rises above the rest. Forensic Evidence, as stated in “Forensic Science: Evidence, Clues, and Investigation” by Andrea Campbell is the best evidence to present in trial. First to know which evidence is superior, one must know what all types of evidence are.
To wrap things up Psychological Theory says that criminal conduct is an aftereffect of individual contrasts in speculation forms. There are a wide range of mental speculations, however they all trust that it is the individual 's contemplations and sentiments that direct their activities. All things considered, issues in intuition can prompt to criminal conduct. On account of the first degree murder the wrongdoing was not one of energy, yet rather arranged. Hernandez rented a vehicles and had two friends help him do his grimy work.
HAVE YOU EVER BEEN ARRESTED BEFORE? It’s never something easy to go through. With the whole stopping everything you doing, and then taking time out of your day to go down to the station to be interrogated. Wait. I’m missing something there.
In some cases, police officers exert excessive force on individuals. The amount of force should be necessary for the situation. For example, a police officer should not use a weapon because a civilian will not obey an initial command. In the article, When Does Force Become Excessive?,
Eye witness identification involves selecting an accused perpetrator from a police line up, sketch or being at the crime scene during the murder time. After selecting a suspect, witnesses are asked to make a formal statement confirming the ID of the suspect (s) or other surrounding details which the eyewitness can testify in court. Eyewitnesses are always required to testify in court but eyewitnesses with psychological disorders, substance dependancy are at a higher chance of identifying the wrong suspect therefore wrongfully assisting convict the perpetrator in the wrong (Hal Arkowitz, Scott O. Lilienfeld, January 1, 2010). Anxiety or stress is always associated with crimes involving traumatic events that have previously taken place.
Others may attend the lineup such as an investigator, paralegal, a law clerk or other observers to act as a witness if the lineup was unfair to the defendant. Police officers will try to convince suspects to voluntarily
In discussions of passing the Michael brown Jr law which equips police officers to wear a body camera, one controversial issue has been that most police brutalities are not caught on tape or no witness sees what exactly happened, and who started what. The source argues that some cases of police brutalities that are caught on tape police does nothing to handle the case. My own view is that police officers should be equipped with body cameras so in case of police brutality cases they can know exactly what happened that day so there will be no questions asked for the police officers. According to article “Pass the Michael Brown, Jr. Law to begin equipping police with body cameras” that the case of Michael Brown Jr in Ferguson where Officer Darren
As a result police officers have become a major key in the arrests of many people of color. Alexander explains how police will stop and search people of color who are “suspected” of containing drugs or who look “suspicions.” Police officers are actually encouraged in their training to use racial profiling and when a person files a complaint the Courts always take the side of the police officer. As stated by Alexander, “The dirty little secret of policing is that the Supreme Court has actually granted the police license to discriminate” (130). Many would argue that police officers and the justice system are fair and that they don’t discriminate and that one does have a fair trial in court from all the lies the media and television shows feeds the people about the justice system and police force.
However, in Sutherland’s differential association theory he states that criminal behavior is learned from your intimate groups and the definitions of committing crime outweigh the unfavorable definitions (Scarpitti 2009). Since these offenders vary from investors to corrupt public officials they must have learned this behavior from someone they trusted and respected. Someone eventually told them it was “ok” to act this way and once they got enough of these definitions favorable to this crime they started committing it themselves. For example, a new police officer joins the force and the officer training him is doing some “under the table” dealings while out I the field. The new police officer talks to other members in the department