According to Suevon Lee’s article, “By the Numbers: The U.S.’s Growing For-Profit Detention Industry”, 128,195 prisoners were held in privately managed facilities as of December 2010. Though this may not seem like a massive number compared to the 2 million+ Americans in jail/prison, the second largest private detention company, The Geo Group, Inc., made around $1.6 billion total revenue in 2011. This much money was made by the 65 correctional facilities that The Geo Group, Inc. owns. Like slaves, prisoners are sent to these private prisons where they are seen as less than human while an outside source profits off of their struggles. Private prisons should be abolished from society.
Over the last thirty years, the prison population in the United States has increased more than seven-fold to over two million people, including vastly disproportionate numbers of minorities and people with little education. For some racial and educational groups, incarceration has become a depressingly regular experience, and prison culture and influence pervade their communities. Almost 60 percent of black male high school drop-outs in their early thirties have spent time in prison. In Punishment and Inequality in America, sociologist Bruce Western explores the recent era of mass incarceration and the serious social and economic consequences it has wrought.
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
In the last thirty years, incarceration rates have skyrocketed to four times of that in 1980, with 1 in every 31 adults being under some form of correctional control. (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”) The US now houses 25% of the world’s prisoners, despite containing only 5% of the world’s population. (Khalek) Many factors have contributed to this sharp increase in incarcerations, including zero-tolerance policies, and the school-to-prison pipeline and the War on Drugs (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”). However, the largest contributors are the prison industrial complex, which targets and criminalizes minority groups, and the dependence of for-profit prisons on inmate count and prison labor. Privatized prisons made a comeback during the 1980s,
Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008). As a result of the war on drugs, the total number of individuals incarcerated went from 581,000 in 1980 to 1,584,000 by 1997. Strict drug laws have caused incarceration rates to escalate at an alarming pace over the last 40 years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statics, in 1996 the African American incarceration rate was 1,574 per 100,000, seven times higher than the rate for Whites. Researchers have discovered that the war on drugs has led to the overcrowding of African Americans in the prison system (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).
a mandatory minimum number of years in prison). The consequences of the United States’ late-twentieth-century obsession with mass incarceration and extreme, inhumane penalties are well-documented. From 1930 to 1975, the average incarceration rate was 106 people per 100,000 adults in the population. Between 1975 and 2011, the incarceration rate rose to 743 per 100,000 adults in the population—the highest incarceration rate in the world—with the total number of people incarcerated in jails and prisons across the country now surpassing 2.3 million. This growth cannot be explained away by increasing
In 1993 the former Conservative home secretary Michael Howard famously said 'Prisons work '. In this essay, I investigate whether I believe this to be true. England and Wales have the largest prison population in western Europe .with a prison population rate of 148.3 prisoners per 100,000 citizens. Between 1990 and 2016 prison population saw a rise of roughly 90% with an average rise of 3.5% annum. As of the 31st March 2017, the population in prisons and young offender institutions in England and Wales stands at 84,537 currently., as the numbers continue to raise the question is do prisons work?
In England and Wales, for instance, the number of revoked conditional releases has increased more than three or fourfold over the last years (Padfield, 2012; Collings, 2007; Padfield & Maruna, 2006). In the United States, parole violators accounted for 35% of the total number of incarcerations in 2008, compared to 18% in 1980 (Steen et al., 2013; Steen & Opsal, 2007). This sharp rise cannot only be explained by an increased reoffending of this group, as the most
The VA currently employs more than 377,805 employees and provides care at over 1,233 facilities. In 2013, the VA had 341,000 people in its employ. Since then, the organization has grown at a steady pace to accommodate the surge in new veterans requiring care. As of October 2017, the VA has over 18.8 million veterans seeking care and benefits, which is expected to grow adding more than nine million veterans per year (CNN, 2017). While considered a large organization based on its size, the VA there is a huge backlog of compensation claims.
It would have an impact on the economy. The U.S. Forest Service has estimated that the Superior National Forest contributes $500 million to the regional economy each year, of which $100 million is attributed to the Boundary Waters. Around 2009, Northeastern Minnesota tourism has provided approximately 18,000 jobs and $800 million in revenue. In 2012, tourism has provided 12% of northeastern Minnesota jobs Mining provided only 3.3%. Bankruptcy is very common among mining companies.
In 2010 prisons were over with about 2.2 million incarcerated Americans, on average every prison was over capacity by 14 percent, there are even some prisons that were over capacity by 34 percent. Annually the government spends roughly 60 million dollars on the correctional system and with the rise of amount if people being incarcerated that number will also greatly rise, thus depleting our budgets as well as our society as a whole (English, 2010). Prison philosophy is of prevention, deterrence and retribution, however according to Gudaris “the rehabilitative effect of long term incarceration appears to be negligible. Most imprisoned individuals will be released at some point and will reoffend” (Gudaris, 2013). Many criminals and gangs use prisons as a headquarters to recruit new members and run operations for their personal benefits.
Let’s see just how much more we are going to have to pay per year for the military. There are about 320 million people in the U.S. of those let’s say 55 percent of them pay taxes. 176 million people will pay for the new wage increase for the military. There are 1.4 million people in the military, and all of them are now getting 860,000 dollars.
There are 283,000 Hispanics incarcerated which makes up 15 percent of the inmate population. From 1985 to 1995, Hispanic imprisonment rose by 219 percent with annual increase of 12.3 percent. Hispanics are usually four times more likely to go to jail as white men, but less likely than African Americans. According to the Bureau of Justice statistics, Hispanics are the fastest growing minority in the prison system. In states such as Connecticut and Pennsylvania, Hispanic men incarceration rate is seven times higher than whites; in Massachusetts and North Dakota the rate is six times higher.
Federal Bureau of Prisons Federal Bureau is one of the biggest Federal law enforcement agencies throughout the United State. It also organizes some unions with private corporations to operate a number of institutions. According to their statistics, overall, they have ‘196,352 Inmates’ and ‘39,951 employees’ throughout the globe. The Federal Bureau of prisons system was first established by the Department of Justice in late 19th century and the prisons established in early 20th century. Therefore, the number of the prisoner and institutions has been grown every year.