The privatization of the prison system has made it so that individuals who have committed a crime are no longer seen as people but as profits. Prisons receive more money and more laborers (which they grossly underpay) with the addition of new inmates, so it is in the best interests of prison corporations to increase the volume of prisoners as well as expanding the length of sentences. Private prisons started out as a cost-effective way to house inmates, but after yielding large investments and profits, they began lobbying for new and harsher punishments resulting in America having the highest levels of incarceration in the world. In 1984, the first private prisons were created, the founders claimed that the prisons funded by the government but run privately would cost considerably less than prisons run at the county, state, and federal level. The massive overpopulation of prisons in the United States led to the idea that capitalism could help to reduce burdens and responsibilities of running prisons on the government.
Prisons that are managed by the government is the most effective form of prison system. The government is responsible for the services that the citizens want to be provided publicly and are willing to pay (Gregson, 2000). Privatization means that there will be more government spending as the government will be the financier as they shift the functions and responsibilities to the private sector (Gregson, 2000). Private prisons can raise concerns on how are they managed. It raises an issue about lobbying, a practice to attempt to influence the legislation to serve their own interests.
The solution to get rid of penal labor is the the United States Government should revise the 13th Amendment and have mandatory career training and education programs in prisons, because these will help the prisoners in their lives. The limitations to our solution are that there is heavy corporate lobbying that wants the penal labor to stay in American prisons because it brings in billions of dollars of revenue to the United States government. Also, this capital lobbying is done by top investors and company owners in the country, who have a higher say in the government than the average
The Citizens United Ruling made by Supreme Court in 2010 only made the issue of money ruling the elections worse. Its main effects, stated in the video, “paved the way” for big corporations or unions to spend as much money as they feel necessary in elections and the political process. They can utilize this rule through advertisements, messages, and many different ways of communication to potential and up and coming voters. It changed the way campaigns were carried out by not only putting a bigger emphasis on the political spending from candidates and outside organizations, but also in a sense demerits the aspect of democracy, with having the amount money spent on a campaign be noticed more than the voices of the people. Voting does not really represent the country, but rather, represents the rich and powerful of the country.
With the increasing privatization of prisons, these third-party corporations have a lot invested in the amount of prisoners occupying those prisons. Inmate numbers need to be kept up to increase the pay per prisoner, as well as satisfy private prisons’ occupancy and increase the amount of workforce
In the United States there are more people incarcerated than any other nation in the world. Recently, many states have taken drastic steps allowing private companies to buy prisons and operate them as profitable businesses. The business models of these companies relies on a high incarceration rate and the ability to operate at a very low cost. This could put a large portion of the prison population at serious risk of having their safety put behind the revenue they earn. Even though these for-profit prisons show no evidence of saving the federal government any money, and have dubious health and safety records, some politicians still push for legislation that is good for private prison companies.
At what point do they realize that they are making countless vague or broad law? Addressing overcriminalization leads to the correction of other problems as well. As I mentioned above, since the War on Drugs era, the prison population has increased at an alarming rate. Overcriminalization has most of the responsibility for this problem. Along with the overcrowding of prisons, the obstacle of overcriminalization also brings sentencing reform to the table.
With how to contain a growing population of prisoners America has transformed from a publicly or governmentally run prison facilities, into a shift to ever growing for profit private prison institution systems. In Addition, the increasing technological advances have begun to limit the anonymity of past criminals and restrict one’s ability to reenter into mainstream
Slavery for both regions and time periods was used for the same reason: to make a person of higher status wealthier. Modern day slavery becomes a larger issue as modernization progresses rapidly in this technological world, since most sources of large companies’ demands come from slave labor. Therefore, what is regarded as beautiful fabric and a basic human necessity today may in reality be the masked up tears of an enslaved child. However, there are also solutions to stop the criminal acts of enslavement. The most effective solution to end modern day slavery is by spreading awareness to people who have the most power and influence regarding this issue: politicians and government officials (Bales).
Introduction Democracy is the symbol of fairness which should reduce inequality, because in democracies one has elections. During these elections, voters can simply support the politicians who stand for redistribution when the level of inequality is too high. However, much research showed that during the past two generations, the economic inequality is still rising rapidly in the United States and many other countries which also have advanced democracies, following the increase of democracy. (Bonica, McCarty, Poole, & Rosenthal, 2013) In Adam’s article, there are five reasons that lead to the increase of inequality. First, Ideological Shift and Greater Polarization on both Republicans and Democrats.
The editorial cartoon in Document H provides a useful illustration of this point (see Document H). As Uncle Sam, the federal government, pours more public money into the machinery of war the main beneficiary would be economic recovery. According to Document B spending on military hardware and in the industrial sectors that produced weapons led to substantially higher prices, a sharp upturn in the stock markets, and greatly reduced unemployment (Document G). Public anxiety and fear in Western Europe and in the U.S. were fed by the prospect of yet another World War. Whether intended or not, this led to another measure supported by Democrats and Republicans that addressed one of the crises of a depression.
He established the colony because of mercantilist ideas. Mercantilism is a way to increase the country’s treasury by creating a favorable amount of trade. Mercantilism had the government taxing all the trade they traded, they gained more power from wealth and also gained a favorable balance of trade, they had many raw materials to provide from in America, and overall the colony provided a market of goods for trading. Roanoke number