Abortion is a never-ending controversial topic, that is why it is important to examine the definition of a fetus, pro-life arguments, and pro-choice arguments. “According to the Bible, life begins at birth- when a baby draws its first breath” (Knapp 45). A baby is considered living at no other time prior. Arguments among the abortion debate have brought this fact into dispute over many years, even before abortion was legalized in 1973 in the court case Roe vs Wade. As written in the Abortion Controversy, I believe that an early embryo may be called a potential human being.
According to the WHO, there are an estimated 40-50 million abortions every year around the globe. The dictionary definition for abortion is ‘the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy’, and people usually very absolutist about their stances regarding this topic. The two sides of the argument are those who are pro-choice or pro-life. The pro-choice side argue that it is the free will of the parent/s to decide on how to handle the pregnancy as unplanned pregnancies could mean a detrimental life for both the parent/s and the baby as the parent/s may not have the resources to support and take care of the baby, or are not ready for such big change and responsibility. On the other hand, the pro-life side argue that life begins at conception
Again, this argument provides no evidence to support the claims levied against the pro-life argument. Additionally, the argument fails to account for the emergence of a genetically complete organism, and fails to provide a point in the developmental cycle where non-life becomes life. In fact, should this reasoning hold true, it adds credence to the pro-life position, as either alternative—life beginning at conception, or life continuing at conception—results in the presence of life. In either event, why is this human life deemed less valuable than another human life? Why is he/she required to forfeit the fundamental rights attributed to all human beings?
The landmark abortion case Roe v. Wade decided on January 22nd, 1973 in favor of abortion rights, remains the law of the land. The 7-2 decision stated that the Constitution give a guarantee of certain area or zones of privacy and that this right of privacy is bases on the women's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. The choice over when and whether to have children is central to a woman's independence and ability to determine her future.
Pro-choice people say that babies cannot feel pain before the twentieth week, and make the procedures of abortion before the twentieth week most of the time. Research has shown that babies are fully developed at the twentieth week, and can feel pain and recognize things. “And bans on abortions starting at eighteen to twenty weeks of pregnancy, premised on the dubious assertion that fetuses can feel pain at this stage” (Borgmann). As a matter of fact, babies start to
Her well-developed and valid premise holds value and presents a strongly reasoned argument, backed by extensive research she conducted. Premises and Rationales Tanya Luhrmann upholds her evidence behind every premise regarding abortions, the unfair treatment of the fetus, and “Pro-Life” beliefs. She explains that, “...the issue that provokes such anger surrounds the fetus’s right to life--its status as a potential human being” (Luhrmann, 1979, p. 1). Luhrmann addresses the importance of legalizing and creating safe procedures during abortions
However, in most cases it is the embryo that is aborted and not a fetus, which is the stage in which the embryo starts to develop. As such an embryo cannot be written in statistics as a life lived as it is dependent solely on the carrier, thus aborting at this stage technically should not be considered as the taking of life but as a decision on whether to facilitate this possible life. Personhood begins after a fetus is able to survive outside the womb, not at conception. Conclusion
Before Roe v. wade the number of deaths from illegal abortions was around 5000 and in the 50s and 60s the number of illegal abortions ranged from 200,000 to 1.2 million per year. These illegal abortions pose major health risks to the life of the woman including damage to the bladder, intestines as well as rupturing of the uterus. The choice to become a mother must be given to the woman most importantly because it’s her body, her health, and she will be taking on a great responsibility. A woman’s choice to choose abortion should not be restricted by anyone; there are multiple reasons why abortion will be the more sensible decision for the female.
The Right to Abortion On January 22, 1973, in a 7-2 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down it’s landmark decision in the case of Roe v. Wade, which recognized that the constitutional right to privacy extends to a woman’s right to make her own personal medical decisions — including the decision to have an abortion without interference from politicians (Planned Parenthood). There are many moments in history when Roe v. Wade has been so close to being overturned, yet it is still in place. Abortion should stay legal, or not overturned, for the health of women everywhere. First, this important case took place at the time of abortion being illegal in most states, including Texas, where Roe v. Wade began.
Dorothy E. McBride (2008) explains that in the eighteenth century, when the Constitution was outlined and established, there was a common conviction that it was probable for the developing embryo to have a soul as early as during the second trimester of the pregnancy. This trimester, also called quickening, was thought of as a time where something significant changed in the pregnancy. The fetus was now viewed upon as independent life and was no longer simply a clump of cells; it was a baby. As a result it soon became justifiable to punish whoever aborted a quick fetus, as it was the equivalent of killing a baby. Prevailing U.S. law is, in this context, considerably comparable to the abortion law that was created more than 300 years ago — both
Abortion is a very controversial topic that has taken the main stage once again in US politics. Recently, new Republican politicians have taken power and have decided to ban abortion. There are two fields of ideas on abortion. One being that it is the murder of an innocent fetus, and that it is completely unethical. The second school of thought is that abortion is a right for women, and that it is ethical.
In 1973, abortion became legal in the United States through the well-known court case of Roe vs Wade. Jane Roe was a pregnant and single woman who filed a lawsuit against a Dallas Country District Attorney, Henry Wade, in a federal court in Texas. She argued that she had a right to terminate her pregnancy in a safe medical environment even if her life was not in danger. The court ruled in her favor, saying that the constitution protects an individual’s “zone of privacy”, and that the zone was wide enough to include a woman 's choice whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. Since 1973, millions of abortions have been performed, yet the controversy over whether it should have been legalized is still argued by countless individuals today.
The Supreme Court case struck down the Massachusetts law that claimed that only married couples could obtain contraceptives that registered doctors or pharmacists provided. The Court stated that the law did not satisfy the rational basis test offered by the 14th Amendment. Perhaps one of the most widely known and controversial Supreme Court cases regarding contraceptives, Roe v. Wade still gains attention in legal debates today. The Supreme Court stated that by banning a woman’s right to an abortion, Texas violated her constitutional rights. Women hold the right to an abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy under their 14th Amendment rights.
listland.com, says “while fetuses of that age lack a fully developed cortex experiments on animals lacking a cortex show that they withdraw from painful stimuli.” “Dr Nathanson, an early proponent of abortion became a pro-life campaigner after he saw 12 week fetuses shrink from instruments and open their mouths in a scream during an abortion.” This is such a brutal act. This means is that when a baby is in the mother’s stomach it is in fact alive. Most “pro-choice” people say that the reason that they commit abortion is because the baby is not alive yet.
The laws that mandate abortion took a climatic turn on January 22, 1973 during the pivotal Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade, which essentially limited the states’ ability to prohibit abortion as it was unconstitutional and it violated the women’s right to privacy (Gold). Although the right to a privacy was not explicitly mentioned in the constitution, it was guaranteed in the Fourteenth Amendment’s due process clause. It confirmed that women have a constitutional right to an abortion, but with certain limitations. The law made it illegal for the state and federal governments to ban abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy, but they were given power declaring abortion illegal in the last three months of pregnancy. Furthermore, it only