Problem Based Vs Problem-Based Learning

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Problem-based learning and project –based learning are the two teaching strategies that are often talked about interchangeably. According to Chin and Chia (2005) Problem-based learning is an new curricular approach that was initially developed in medical school programs, and later adapted for use in elementary and high school settings. In PBL, problems act as motivation and focus for student activity and learning. It means that, students learn while searching for solutions to problems and in the perspective in which knowledge is to be used. In problem-based learning, students study by solving problems and reflecting on their experiences.
Students also work in mutual groups to discover what they require to learn in order to solve the problem. They engage in self-directed learning (SDL) and then apply their new knowledge to the problem and reproduce on what they learned and the effectiveness of the strategies employed (Hmelo-silver, 2004). For example, instead of having pre-defined outcomes as in so much project based learning (we build a bridge), students have to think more about real life outcomes associated with the problem (where should the bridge be built, what kind of bridge should go there?)
Besides that, students work collectively with the classmates to solve the complex and real problem that help develop content knowledge (Hirca, 2011) as well as problem-solving, logic, communication, and self-assessment skills. These problems also help to sustain student interest

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