Achievement VS Ascription An achievement culture is based on how well someone performs whereas ascription is based more on the person’s background, connections or what they ‘do’. In China, guanxi plays a very important role in Chinese culture – it’s not what you know but who you know and this could have resulted in JPM’s princeling hiring practices. It was crucial that their organization knew and had connections with the ‘right’ people so that they could progress in the business developments in China. (Luthans & Doh,
There's certain benefits to thinking this way though. It's very important to keep one's own happiness and well being at the forefront of their mind. People should not be expected to constantly cater to others. Selflessness is completely overrated. Equality is not wrong to want something for himself, especially after servicing others his whole life.
Conflict is important. It can both strengthen and weaken relationships. They have the ability to create productive outcomes: forging a deeper connection, instilling respect, and establish solutions. However, conflicts can also have destructive consequences. They can cause resentment, acrimony, and even leading to divorce.
Therefore it is understandable that Chinese culture devotes a lot of attention to the esteem of authorities and aged people. In common words, Confucianism is controversial to Western culture, where everyone posesses equal opportunities within society. In China people have equal opportunities within their social rank only. Being widespread, Confucianism greatly influences Chinese culture and hence modern life even today. Despite the fact that today modern China has overstepped these strictly limited roles, the Chinese are still thinking in terms of hierarchy.
Starting from social structure, the Chinese’ structure is formal and hierarchical while that of the United States is loose and informal, individuals can reach out to any person they need to. This can affect the performance of the business done in China, if the first person in the hierarchy does not understand much about the business. In addition to that, proving a point in china, even in business is
The reason I chose this theory is because my anxiety is mainly caused by my own irrational thoughts, impossible expectations and distorted interpretations about these situations just as according to Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) that “people contribute to their own psychological problems, as well as to specific symptoms, by the way they interpret events and situations” (Ellis, 1994, 1999, 2001a, 2001b, 2002, 2008; Ellis & Dryden, 1997; Wolfe, 2007 as cited in Corey, 2013, p. 275). Therefore, the CBT is the most suitable theory to find the right solution as the best way to deal with this kind of problem is to solve it at the root cause, which is to change one cognitive processing; the way one perceives and evaluates life
The youngsters need to pay special attention to the tone of speech, putting a low profile, listening carefully, and showing the respect for their elders. Listening is a kind of respect for people, which is dramatically important to the development of interpersonal relationships, especially in government system. Subordinates should obey the instructions from their superiors, responding accordingly rather than have irresponsible remarks. In China, leaders talk most of time while followers only have the choice to listen. The relationships mentioned above show the Chinese value of zun bei you xu, which means ordering relationships by status and observing this order (Fang,
Another strong implication of Confucianism for the Chinese negotiating style is its emphasis on righteousness and relationships rather than profit. For example, the Chinese government negotiates and signs 15-20 free trade agreements concurrently, without paying much attention to the content of the treaties – they sign an agreement and work out the substance later. This approach “brings a lot of goodwill,” but also requires a high level of personal trust and sincerity between the negotiation
A relational conflict occurs when the goals of interdependent people are incompatible and at least one person to communicate to others about the incompatibility (Froemling et at, 2011). Conflict also has phases such as: latent, perceived, felt, manifest, and aftermath (Hingst, Lindsay PowerPoint). Any conflict brings positive and negative consequences. We can also learn with conflict and how to manage them. And relational conflicts also bring some issues based on behavioral, normative, personality and moral conflict.
This could be in our personal life or at workplace. Consequently, we would be tempted to find ways to deal with these issues. Unfortunately, as Furlong (2005:2) said, the barriers to effectively managing conflict is we diagnose conflict unconsciously, react emotionally, make choices and apply tools that