Also, poverty includes hunger which is related to malnutrition, different health problems, limited or no access to education, inadequate housing conditions, homelessness and lack of other basic services. Economists define poverty as the inability to achieve a certain standard of living. For example, Ravallion (Ravallion, 1989) believes that "Poverty exists in a given society, when one or more persons can not reach a level of economic prosperity that is considered to represent acceptable minimum regarding the standards of a given society. " This definition implies that the concept of poverty is determined by standards, values and circumstances prevailing in the society. But this definition is not relevant, because it would be difficult to make comparisons of countries and societies because nature and structure of poverty may vary from country to country.
Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets. It is absolute poverty experienced for an extended period of time or even over a life course and is unable to satisfy his minimum requirement of food clothing or shelter(CPRC,2004). Chronic poverty is associated with greater vulnerability and harsher consequences because of the continuous depletion and erosion of assets and resources with longer time in poverty (Barrintoes,2007). The Chronic poverty reports, according to CPRC, suggest that close to 40% people in chronic poverty are in developing nations (CPRC2005). Therefore, chronically poor are those who are not able to meet their minimum subsistence needs, lack access to the hey productive assets and are highly dependent on public and/or private transfers(Devereux,2003).
The first problem is Haitian faces the freedom from want problem. Most of population have to encounter with extremely poor income, According to the CIA world factbook, 80 percent of the population lives below poverty line. There are many causes that lead Haiti to be below world’s average poverty line, such as poor education system causing most of younger generation to be unemployed and underemployment compare to other country. Children are often not in school or suffer from illness due to unhygienic living conditions. In addition most of the population still lack of shelter, access to clean water and food.
Almost half of the world, Over three billion people live on less than 2.50 dollars a day in an average. Around 2.2 million children die each year because they are not immunized due to hunger. Hunger is one of the main effect of poverty and the cause of it, is death. In my opinion one of the reason for poverty is corruption which is widespread in almost all countries, only developed countries where level of corruption is low is able to successfully cope with poverty. Extreme global poverty is a problem that affects a large percentage of the world’s population and will continue to spread until no strict action is taken by their respected countries.
However, it has always been neglected as the poor need to ensure their problem of food and clothing firstly. Although the number of children of school age who are out of school has sharply decreased from 103million form 1999 to 73million in 2006, the education quality is not high enough (Banerjee, A., Banerjee, A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011). Due to hard living environment in poor countries, only elite have the chance of get better education (Banerjee, A., Banerjee, A.V., & Duflo, E.,2011).If there are two or more boys in a family, only the smartest can get to higher level of school cause education may cost a lot. And even when education is free for some of them as a subsidy,
Homelessness is result from painful set of incidents, that require person to choose between food , home , and necessities (National Coalition for the Homeless,2007). Homeless people are invisible in society, while most of people are unwilling to pay attention to them on the streets , parks or sidewalk. Homelessness in Kazakhstan became a great problem for decades and it has started in the period of Soviet Union. The homelessness turns into actual problem in this century and also has not gone unnoticed in Kazakhstan. The current number of homeless people in Kazakhstan are still unknown, but as it was mentioned in online newspaper Caravan (2011) the approximate number of homeless in Almaty city is ten thousands.
Poverty is defined as a condition where people’s basic needs are not met. There are two types of poverty, Absolute and Relative Poverty. Absolute Poverty refers to people being unable to achieve a minimum level of physical health, it is measured in terms of calories and nutrition. Absolute Poverty is the same everywhere. Relative Poverty refers to people not being able to reach a certain minimum standard of living which is determined by their government, and enjoyed by others within the same country.
In a recent survey, it was estimated that the population of the Philippines is 102 million, most of those people have to face poverty every day. Migrants with low-paying jobs or without jobs are unable to afford housing or feed their families. In 2012, it was estimated that the extreme poverty in the Philippines was 19.2% (18.4 million people). Most of the poor people live in rural areas and work primarily in farming and agriculture. Lack of infrastructure prevents Philippines’ economy from growing .A country like the Philippines that is still developing also makes it hard for the government to provide basic needs like services in health, education and clean water supply.
The urban poverty is also increasing. Migrants with low-paying jobs or without jobs are unable to afford housing or feed their families. In 2012, it was estimated that the extreme poverty in the Philippines was 19.2% (18.4 million people). Most of the poor people live in rural areas and work primarily in farming and agriculture. Lack of infrastructure prevents Philippines’ economy from growing .A country like Philippines that is still developing also makes it hard for the government to provide basic needs like services in health, education and clean water supply.
In 2010 53,8% of the population lived below the poverty line. What causes poverty: • History: Most of the people living in poverty is because of a tragic past in south Africa. Since many people were oppressed by the governing party, only a select group of the country owned more than three quarters of the wealth in South Africa. Even though Apartheid had ended, we are still left with the consequences of that injustices. Through the years, the wealth gap has been decreasing but it will still be a long time before we will be able to completely repair the damage.