The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
In fact, he believes that most medical research is flawed because of the way they are designed and conducted, and the data analysis and interpretation. In fact, in most of these researches, conclusions are made from any relationship reaching formal statistical significance. Researchers often only look for correlation between parameters rather than causality. The author expresses a concern on how conflicts of interests introduces bias in medical research. Researchers, often pressured by their employers for results, or in competition with other teams working on the same topic, will either work with a small sample or ignore undesirable correlations to focus solely on the ones that serve their goals.
The researchers developed a systematic program of research, building on their own earlier findings making it more likely to make an important contribution (Polit & Beck, 2017). The authors paraphrased often, therefore not over relying on direct quotes from their original sources. •Does the review support the need for the study? The research review supported the study and strengthened the hypotheses. The data and additional quantitative and qualitative research articles supported the missed care results, limited bias, and predicted an existence of a relationship between the identified variables.
The choice of used methods can only be based on the goal of finding the truth. When judging other publications or presentations, a scientific researcher must only be guided by scientific arguments. When giving education, it must be avoided that only your own study books are used. Every scientific researcher must inform the university about his sideline activities and this information must be accessible on the universities website. - not partial: treating all equal - a scientific researcher must not let personal interest, preference, affection or prejudice affect his judgment and decisions.
The anthropological study of politics has long been a part of a historical process (Vincent, 2002); moreover the intellectual and social understanding of politics has conditioned the anthropological inquest into it. It is necessarily superfluous to note that political anthropology observes and catalogues the world around it, though the mercurial relationship between the politic world and anthropology begs greater insight. To delve into a more thorough understanding of this process, the rise and fall of political anthropology in the framework of the swing from the colonial to the post-colonial world will be examined. The scope of such consideration would prove to be much too broad however. Therefore this paper will largely aim to emphasize the
What happened was that the behavioralist wanted to copy the ways of the natural sciences to the extent of borrowing their approaches, methods, and tools to use in the study of man. This resulted in the formation of political science. Even though this approach created a more diversified study of politics because it allowed the discipline to transcend beyond the academe, the discipline was still questioned by the people in the same academe Susser (1992) described the development of political science since World War II “as one of the most turbulent and fascinating chapters in its long history. It is a period marked by high hopes and revolutionary change, a period that has witnessed a broadening of the discipline’s subject matter and a striking reorientation in its methods and techniques. But it also a period characterized by deep rifts and heated battles.
There are at least three situations that create a desire to employ a case study method of research. The first reason to employ a case study method of research is determined by the question itself that the study is trying to address. Case studies are relevant when one is attempting to addresses either a descriptive question “what is happening or what has happened?” and an explanatory question such as how or why did something happen the way it happened. Secondly, by give emphasis to the study of a phenomenon within its real-world context, the case study method of research favors the collection of data in natural settings, compared with relying on already derived data. Thirdly, case studies as methods of research are now commonly used in conducting
This research mainly aims at answering ‘why and how’. This type of research is generally used by doctors and psychologists. According to Mitchell & Jolley, 2012., In a descriptive research, a phenomena taken, is illustrated in such a detail, so as to fill in any missing parts , leading to expansion and better understanding of the topic . Probability vs Non-Probability sampling method Since most data assembling methods involve a choice of experimental subject. This choice can be through use of probability-based methods, where the selection is done by some "mechanical” procedure, involving lists of random numbers, or the equivalent.
· Other people outside from the population defined may answer the questionnaire thus providing biased information. · Organization may be unwilling to provide proper time allocation due to overload of work. · Respondents may feel that the information they need to provide are confidential thus they refuses to participate in filling questionnaires. · Employee can alter their behavior due to the presence of the researcher. Such limitations may have huge consequences as by the reduction of the sampling size, the true population will not be reflected thus making this study biased.
We have chosen to focus on the case study method because of its popularity among the disciplines that traditionally informed context-oriented research in translation studies (cultural studies, sociology, political science, anthropology, psychology), as well as because of its flexibility in terms of drawing on a wide range of sources of data. The discussion of complexity thinking and case study in this paper will focus on causality, boundary setting and researcher