Likewise, Brown (2004) states “assessment is an integral part of teaching-learning cycle” (p. 16). There are a number of reasons for assessment the knowledge of which would provide insights into the way teachers employ given methods which are appropriate for their pedagogic purposes. Race, Brown, and Smith (2004) suggest the most common reasons for assessing students. They remark that assessment provides students with constructive feedback, thereby resulting in their improvement. It also raises learners’ awareness about their current abilities and achievements.
Therefore, rubric can be used for summative assessment or formative assessment. Gipps & James, (1998) stated “we need to consider not only the teaching and learning activities, but also the assessment tasks”. Moreover, summative assessment are beneficial to many group of people such as teachers, school, parents and students. Teachers or schools can use these assessments to identify strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum and evaluate the standard of students.
Reading journal, which had no place in the second language classroom erstwhile, occupies at present a “prominent role in a pedagogical model that stresses the importance of self-reflection in a student’s education” (Brown & Abeywickrama, 2011, p. 134). Journal writing has been recognized as a significant retrospective tool in language research. In general, a journal, as defined by Brown & Abeywickrama (2011), is “a log (or ‘account’) of one’s thoughts, feelings, reactions, assessments, ideas, or progress toward goals, usually written with little attention to structure, form, or correctness” (p. 134). Reading journal, which provides insight into the reading process, is a useful tool as it promotes reflection on the nature of reading and on the problems encountered by the reader during reading. Journals have been recommended for strategy training purposes to assist learners develop metacognitive awareness of their strategy use, learning and thinking.
Graff paints reading as an insufferable and tedious chore that must be endured and the way that one is able to complete such a task is through theoretical analysis of the text. However, some students have a passion for reading that can drive them to spend time studying and interpreting a text. This would lead to more original ideas than interpretations that are influenced by what other critics say about a text or by the reader being told how to read a text. Graff does not believe in Bloom’s idea of “just reading”: “As readers, we are necessarily concerned with both the questions posed by the text and the questions we bring to it from our own differing interests and cultural backgrounds” (46-47). While Graff views this as an unavoidable contamination of “pure” reading, I believe this can also be viewed as a unique perspective that could be lost by an introduction to literary theory.
This strategy guides the students through the process of reading text by understanding and thinking about the text. Tankersley (2005) states that the Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA) promotes higher order thinking skills and allow lecturers to know students’ thought process and experience. Moreover, it is useful for processing all types of text. Blachowich & Ogle (2008) states that the Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA) gives teachers the opportunity to act as a facilitator by guiding students to think like readers. That is, they anticipate, predict and then confirm and modify their predictions as they
By constructing specialized activities to incorporate this approach of multi-faceted learning skills, the result will be an applicable teaching method. This essay will look at how applying different learning skills to EFL classroom activities, may add insight to effective
Recognition Network- for you to recognize something example, person, sound you rely on the recognition of your brain, It helps you identify patterns coming to learning it helps with the process on what should be learned. Affective Networks-can influence one's motivation for and engagement particular goal medium, cultural backgrounds and e.t.c. Universal Design in the classroom - How to use your knowledge about these three networks in your classroom. Three aspects of teaching cycle: • Setting learning goals • Taking action by providing learning activities • Assess student progress to monitor and evaluate student growth. Assisstive Technologies-Need to receive specific technologies some students may need technologies in order for them to understand how to use this technologies in order for students to achieve their
Synthesis The new trend in school management is to create and develop remarkable school leaders through training and development. A thorough review of literature showed that the leadership traits were known by its adjective expressions such as instructional, participative, democratic, strategic and transformational. To manage own resources is about managing personal resources (particularly knowledge, understanding, skills, experience and time) in order to achieve work objectives. Teacher performance management is a continuous process for identifying, evaluating and developing the work performance of teachers, so that the goals and objectives of the school are more effectively achieved, while at the same time benefiting teachers in terms of recognition of performance, professional development and career guidance. The provision of continuing professional development of school heads is considered as the most effective strategy for ensuring a turnaround in the quality of
They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Reading and writing have been important than speaking or listening. The purpose of teachers has been to teach literate language rather than spoken language. Literate language has consisted of culture, literature and art. The most important thing about G.T.M has been that students learn the rules of the language but they dont know how use it. Students have not learnt how to make their own production.