Introduction This essay is a reflective piece of writing about the critical indecent of a medication error that occurred during my placement. It is a very concise piece of writing due to limited word count of 1500 words. Duke and Appleton (2000) did a literature review and devised a framework of critical reflection, which illustrates eight stages as compare to Gibbs’s (1998) reflective model that consist of six stages. I chose Gibbs reflective model not only it is easy to comprehend but also to illustrate a critical incident.
What is reflection? Reflection is described as the process individuals use for self-development in their future career. The process of reflection has been used for many years in professional health fields such as midwifery and nursing (Lillyman. S & Merrix. P, 2012).
Although reflection is an imperative foundation of nursing practice, it is only effective in promoting future clinical practice when the practitioner continually identifies their weaknesses and strengths to support their personal growth. They will also be required to develop this process during their practice to improve outcomes for service users (Johns, 2013). In accordance to the NMC revalidation process (2015) school nurses are required to provide a record of their knowledge and how it promotes their clinical practice. Clinical reflection is identified as a recognised educational tool for this process (Queens Nursing Institute, 2015). This evidence highlights the importance of the the student school nurse’s role in reflecting on this critical
Therefore, in pursuance of knowledge to learn more about evidence-based healthcare, it is important to discuss how research influences the existing medical knowledge and practice, explore how evidence-based patient care can better the quality of care, and determine the various types of clinical strategies that can help foster an evidence-based nursing practice. Additionally, it is also important to analyze the component of the nursing process that aligns with evidence-based practice. Effects of research on existing medical knowledge and practice Over time, there has been a strong connection between health research and evidence-based practice. That is, research has become such a crucial factor in the present day medical practice due to the various impacts it has on the health sector. First, research enables
Reflection involves methods of “reflection on and in action”. Reflection is used in practice to assist with factors, such as NMC Revalidation, support and enhance safe practice, improve skills and knowledge and enable professional development. Reflection is significant in practice because nurses are accountable for their patient’s specific requirements. There are numerous skills required for reflection to work, which are known as self-awareness, description, critical analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The reflection process is carried out through many different models of reflection, for example, Gibbs (1988) Model, which is used as a guide to examine the critical incident.
Reflecting on the past seven weeks I have acquired countless knowledge, which I will use to further strengthen my profession as an Advanced Practice Nurse. The course allowed me to think beyond my current practice knowledge and acquired innovative ways to evaluate the situation at hand. The learning objective in program outcome four helps set standards that I will use to guide my clinical practice to meet various healthcare needs. Using the case studies has helped to further enhance my knowledge on disease physiological state, using differential diagnosis, disease manifestations, and clinical presentation. It has also taught me the skills on how to differentiate between similar diagnoses to properly identify the problem and treat the patients.
Critical Thinking: Tanner (2006), had introduce the term ‘thinking like a nurse’. When I read this article I was wondering what it means and takes to think like a nurse, I am a nurse by profession and yet I don’t even know what it means. In order to be a professional nurse, nurses are required to learn to think like a nurse. To my surprise, to be able think like a nurse, a nurse got to clearly defined and understands what is critical thinking and clinical reasoning. Both terms are powerful terms and these terms explain the mental processes nurses use to make certain that they are doing their most excellent thinking and decision making for their patient’s better outcomes.
This reflection is sought about through the use of reflective cycles, for example Gibbs (1988). Reflection enables the student to develop his or her own theories behind why an event occurred, this is also achieved by linking theory to practice in order to gain a deeper understanding (Levett C. 2010, Stonehouse D. 2011). For this practice placement portfolio the reflective cycle that I have chosen is The Reflective Cycle by Gibbs (See appendix one) (Gibbs 1988). Although it wasn’t made predominantly for reflection through nursing scenarios, as it was developed for educational purposes, it does give the student a cycle which can be used easily to analyse their event in a linear fashion. Although Gibbs reflective cycle is one which is mainly focused on the event itself, rather than the knowledge that can be sought from delving further into the reasoning behind an event, it does create a cycle which allows the individual to focus on their actions and the reasoning behind what they did.
The Term reflection can have many meanings to many people. Reflection can carry meanings that range from the idea of professionals engaging in solitary introspection to that of engaging in deep meaningful conversations with others. But for this assignment I will focus on; what is refection in the clinical setting, why it is important for health care professionals to reflect and where the ideology of reflection came from. I will also provide a personal experience of reflection during my time in the clinical setting that helped me to come up with a solution to a challenging situation. WHAT IS REFLECTION?
Introduction: Client My patient, MG was a 72-year-old female who came to the emergency department because of a fall in her bathroom. Her admitting diagnosis was a right hip fracture. Other concurrent health challenges she had were: hypertension (HTN), high cholesterol, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic kidney disease (CKD). MG was a full code status with no known food or drug allergies.
According to Hogston and Simpson (2002, p398) reflection is "a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to better describe, analyse and evaluate, and so inform learning about practice". Wolverson (2000, p24) includes this is an important process for all nurses wishing to improve their practice. I hope that by using reflection I will be able to identify my strengths and weaknesses. This will enable me to focus on particular learning goals and benefit more from my placements. Driscoll (2000, p17) states that reflective learning will help you become more self-aware in your clinical practice.
The Process of Reflection The process of reflection is central to clinical supervision. Launer (2003) describes external and internal factors in supervision whereby clinical practice and sharing skills are external and reflection is an ‘internal conversation.’ Brunero & Stein-Parbury (2008) discussed the effects of clinical supervision in nursing staff and argued that self-reflection generates a sense of self-awareness and knowledge to the individual. Supervisees or students may be asked what happened during a clinical event, how they felt, the implications of their actions and what they would do differently if faced with the same situation.
Outcome three in the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) program has prepared me to use analytic methods to appraise critically existing literature and other evidence to determine and implement the best evidence for practice.(Raup, King, Hughes & Faidley, 2010). For example, at the start of the DNP program, I lacked experience in research and understanding of the literature review, now I have the ability to develop, direct and evaluate quality improvement methodologies to promote safe, timely, effective, efficient, equitable, and patient-centered care. Technology and the database research assisted me in forming my question, proposal, and project by providing evidence-based data and available resources. Two key examples that facilitated my growth
Evolution from Novice to a Beginning Professional Nurse Looking back when I started my nursing school, I can proudly say that I have evolved both physically and psychologically. I was not sure if nursing was the right choice for me at first because I had difficulties interacting with people outside my family circle. The first semester was challenging for me because I did not know how to interact with my class mates and felt isolated each time there is a class activity. I joined a study group later that semester and it has been an excitement ever since.